Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: please see Mempel et al. (2003) for details Immunohistochemistry (paraffin): please see Faure et al. (2001) for details Western Blot: please see Faure et al. (2001) for details
Alternate Names for TLR2 Antibody (TL2.1) [Biotin]
toll/interleukin 1 receptor-like 4
Toll/interleukin-1 receptor-like protein 4
toll-like receptor 2
The Toll-like receptors (TLRs) in mammals comprise a family of transmembrane proteins characterized by multiple copies of leucine rich repeats in the extracellular domain and an IL-1 receptor motif in the cytoplasmic domain. Like its counterparts in Drosophila, TLRs signal through adaptor molecules. The TLR family is a phylogenetically conserved mediator of innate immunity that is essential for microbial recognition. Ten human homologs of TLRs (TLR1-10) have been described. TLR2 is differentially expressed in human cells. TLR2 is expressed in tonsils, lymph nodes, and appendices, activated B-cells in germinal centers. CD14+ monocytes expressed the highest level of TLR2 followed by CD15+ granulocytes, and CD19+ B-cells, CD3+ T-cells, and CD56+ NK cells did not express TLR2. The expression of TLR2 in different cell types is regulated by different immune response modifiers. For example, LPS, GM-CSF, IL-1, and IL-10 up regulates TLR2 whereas IL-4, IFN-gamma, and TNF down regulate TLR2 expression in monocytes.
This product is for research use only and is not approved for use in humans or in clinical diagnosis. Primary Antibodies are guaranteed for 1 year from date of receipt.
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