International antibody validation meeting
Secondary Antibody Handbook


The human form of microtubule-associated protein light chain 3 (LC3) is expressed as 3 splice variants; LC3A, LC3B and LC3C (He et al., 2003). LC3B is a subunit of the MAP1A and MAP1B microtubule-binding proteins and plays a central role...

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Tips on positive and negative controls for HIF-1 alpha antibodies is one of the most Frequently Asked Questions on Hypoxia and HIFs. Here are top 5 suggestions from Novus Biologicals:

  1. The degradation of HIF1 alpha is the most common issue which often results in either a weaker specific signal and/or the appearance of multiple...
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