Genetic Strategies: Knockout Validated: Autophagy Antibody Pack [NB910-94159] - Lysates of HeLa parental cell line and LC3B knockout HeLa cell line (KO) untreated (-) or treated (+) with 50 uM Chloroquine for 18 ...read more
Genetic Strategies: Knockout Validated: Autophagy Antibody Pack [NB910-94159] - LC3B was detected in immersion fixed Cloroquine treated HeLa cells (left) but was not detected in LC3B knockout HeLa cells (right) ...read more
Genetic Strategies: Knockout Validated: Autophagy Antibody Pack [NB910-94159] - ERK phosphorylation in Atg5-/-cells depends on nutrient availability. Serum-deprived Atg5-/- MEFs display decreased ERK and p90RSK ...read more
Immunohistochemistry: Autophagy Antibody Pack [NB910-94159] - Staining of ATG5 using NB110-53818 in human hepatocytes (liver) at 2.5ug/ml. 40X magnification.
Simple Western: Autophagy Antibody Pack [NB910-94159] - Lane view shows a specific band for Beclin using NB110-87318 in 1.0 mg/ml of HeLa lysate. This experiment was performed under reducing conditions using the 12-230 ...read more
Flow Cytometry: Autophagy Antibody Pack [NB910-94159] - An intracellular stain was performed on Hela Cells with NB110-56893 to detect ATG9 and a matched isotype control. Cells were fixed with 4% PFA and then ...read more
Immunohistochemistry: Autophagy Antibody Pack [NB910-94159] - Analysis of a FFPE tissue section of human breast cancer using Beclin 1 antibody (NB110-87318) at 1:300 dilution, followed by a HRP labeled secondary ...read more
Immunohistochemistry: Autophagy Antibody Pack [NB910-94159] - SCI leads to lysosomal dysfunction. Representative high magnification images ( x 60) of LC3 (NB100-2220, green) and CTSD (red) staining in VH of gray matter ...read more
Western Blot: Autophagy Antibody Pack [NB910-94159] - Total protein from human HeLa and mouse Neuro2A cells was separated on a 12% gel by SDS-PAGE, transferred to PVDF membrane and blocked in 5% non-fat milk in TBST. ...read more
Western Blot: Autophagy Antibody Pack [NB910-94159] - Analysis of ATG5 in mouse wildtype ES cell lysate (Lane 1) and mouse ATG5 KO ES cell lysate (- cnt'l) (Lane 2). Atg5-/- ES cells from Dr. Noboru Mizushima [PMID: ...read more
Genetic Strategies: Western Blot: Autophagy Antibody Pack [NB910-94159] - Detection of ATG9A protein in HEK293 lysates. Lane 1: siRNA ATG9A knockdown Lane 2: wildtype ATG9A.
Western Blot: Autophagy Antibody Pack [NB910-94159] - Detection of ATG16L1. Lane 1: NIH/3T3 Lane 2: HeLa .
Western Blot: Autophagy Antibody Pack [NB910-94159] - CD133 promoted glucose uptake. E. Detection of autophagic genes in Huh-7con and Huh-7sh133 cells by Western blotting. Image collected and cropped by CiteAb from the ...read more
Western Blot: Autophagy Antibody Pack [NB910-94159] - Detection of ATG9A protein using NB110-56893 in HEK293 lysates. Lane 1: siRNA ATG9A knockdown Lane 2: wildtype ATG9A.
This Autophagy Antibodies Pack includes sample aliquots to many different autophagy related proteins. Autophagy can be understood as a cell recycling system on its most basic level. Components of the cytoplasm are sequestered and moved in the lysosome where they are broken down into their basic components and returned to the cytosol for reuse. For information on the individual antibodies contained in this pack, please click on their links below.
This product is for research use only and is not approved for use in humans or in clinical diagnosis. Antibody Packs are guaranteed for 1 year from date of receipt.
New Players in the Mitophagy Game By Christina Towers, PhD Mitochondrial turn over via the lysosome, otherwise known as mitophagy, involves engulfment of mitochondria into double membrane autophagosomes and subsequent fusion with lysosomes. Much is al... Read full blog post.
Autophagy and Metastasis By Christina Towers, PhD The majority of cancer patients die from metastatic disease at secondary sites. The threshold to undergo metastasis is high. Only a minority of cancer cells acquire invasive phenotypes... Read full blog post.
The LC3 A, B, C’s and 1, 2, 3’s By Christina Towers, PhD Autophagy is a catabolic process used to breakdown and recycle damaged proteins and organelles. It is a multistep process that, in its simplest form, consists of 4 steps: initiation, phago... Read full blog post.
Animal Models to Study Autophagy By Christina Towers, PhD What is autophagy?Autophagy is the catabolic process that degrades cytoplasmic material via the lysosome. The process of macroautophagy was originally characterized in yeast, where the... Read full blog post.
Epigenetic Control of Autophagy By Christina Towers, PhD. In the last 20 years, epigenetic regulation has become front and center for almost all fields of biology and its role in diseases like cancer and neurodegeneration are being heavily studi... Read full blog post.
How a cell "reaches" out for help By Christina Towers, PhD. Parkinson's disease is a debilitating neurodegenerative condition defined by the accumulation of alpha-synuclein-containing (alpha-SYN) intra-cytoplasmic inclusions, called Lewy bodies. The ... Read full blog post.
Monitoring Autophagy in Neurons By Christina Towers, PhD. Autophagy is a critical cellular process used by most cells in the body to recycle nutrients and prevent harmful buildup of damaged proteins. It is particularly important in the brain, where ... Read full blog post.
There's an autophagy for that! By Christina Towers, PhDA critical mechanism that cells use to generate nutrients and fuel metabolism is through a process called autophagy. This process is complex and involves over 20 different proteins, most of which are highly conserved acro... Read full blog post.
ATG9A - early marker autophagosome assembly ATG9A is the only essential integral membrane protein involved in autophagy. ATG9A contains six transmembrane domains and initiates the assembly of autophagosomes. The autophagosome is a double-membrane structure that engulfs and eventually degrade... Read full blog post.
LC3B - a novel marker for autophagosome Autophagy, also known as macroautophagy, supplies alternative fuel for cells that are under environmental stress conditions (including starvation, growth factor deprivation, and hypoxia). This highly regulated and catabolic cell process recycles a... Read full blog post.
ATG5: Roles in Cellular Defense ATG5, or Autophagy Related 5, is a protein crucial for autophagy. Autophagy is a mechanism in which dysfunctional or pathogenic cells or cellular components are degraded and sometimes recycled. This process happens when ATG5 conjugates with another pr... Read full blog post.
ATG5, Autophagy and Apoptosis ATG5 is a member of the ATG family that regulates autophagy, the evolutionary conserved homeostatic response to a diverse variety of self- and foreign-originating cellular stresses. ATG5 is ubiquitously expressed in cells and found co-localized with c... Read full blog post.
LC3B: From Autophagy to Cancer LC3B is subunit component of the LC3 autophagy biomarker associated with microtubule-associated proteins MAP1A and MAP1B and one of the best characterized markers to date. In resting state, it is cytosolic, but upon activation, is lapidated and become... Read full blog post.
ATG5: From Autophagy to Alzheimer's Disease Autophagy is a conserved mechanism whereby cells form double membrane autophagosomes to sequester cytoplasmic components for subsequent destruction by fusion with lysosomes (eukaryotes) or vacuoles (yeast). Targets of autophagy include aging proteins,... Read full blog post.
Analyzing LC3 in Western blot Microtubule-associated protein light chain 3 (LC3) is considered one of the definitive markers of autophagy, and its use is widespread in labs throughout the world. Despite its popularity, there are several considerations when employing LC3 antibodies... Read full blog post.