CD31/PECAM-1 Antibody (1A10)

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Product Details

Summary
Reactivity HuSpecies Glossary
Applications WB, IHC, IHC-P
Clone
1A10
Clonality
Monoclonal
Host
Mouse
Conjugate
Unconjugated

Order Details

CD31/PECAM-1 Antibody (1A10) Summary

Immunogen
Prokaryotic recombinant fusion protein corresponding to a portion of the extracellular domain downstream of the signal sequence of the CD31/PECAM-1 (Uniprot: P16284)
Localization
Cell surface and cytoplasm of endothelial cells
Marker
Endothelial Cell Marker
Specificity
CD31 (PECAM-1) is a transmembrane glycoprotein member of the immunoglobulin supergene family of adhesion molecules. CD31 is expressed by stem cells of the hematopoietic system and is primarily used to identify and concentrate these cells for experimental studies as well as for bone marrow transplantation. Anti-CD31 has shown to be highly specific and sensitive for vascular endothelial cells. Staining of nonvascular tumors (excluding hematopoietic neoplasms) is rare. CD31 monoclonal antibody reacts with normal, benign, and malignant endothelial cells which make up blood vessel lining. The level of CD31 expression can help to determine the degree of tumor angiogenesis, and a high level of CD31 expression may imply a rapidly growing tumor and potentially a predictor of tumor recurrence.
Isotype
IgG1 Kappa
Clonality
Monoclonal
Host
Mouse
Gene
PECAM1
Purity
Tissue culture supernatant
Innovator's Reward
Test in a species/application not listed above to receive a full credit towards a future purchase.

Applications/Dilutions

Dilutions
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin 1:50-1:100
  • Western Blot 1-2 ug/ml
Application Notes
Hu-chromosome location: 17q23.3 Molecular weight of antigen: ~100kDa (endothelium) and ~130kDa (platelets)
Immunohistochemistry (Formalin-fixed): 1:50-1:100 for 30 minutes at RT. Staining of formalin-fixed tissues requires heating tissue sections in 10mM Tris with 1mM EDTA, pH 9.0, for 45 min at 95C followed by cooling at RT for 20 minutes.
The 7mL size is a pre-diluted size and no additional dilutions are required before using this item for the intended application.
Theoretical MW
82.5 kDa.
Disclaimer note: The observed molecular weight of the protein may vary from the listed predicted molecular weight due to post translational modifications, post translation cleavages, relative charges, and other experimental factors.

Packaging, Storage & Formulations

Storage
Store at 4C.
Buffer
Tissue culture supernatant
Preservative
0.05% Sodium Azide
Purity
Tissue culture supernatant

Notes

Tissue culture supernatant with 0.05% Azide.

Store at 2 to 8C. Antibody is stable for 24 months. Non-hazardous.

Alternate Names for CD31/PECAM-1 Antibody (1A10)

  • adhesion molecule
  • CD31 antigen
  • CD31
  • CD31/EndoCAM
  • EndoCAM
  • FLJ34100
  • FLJ58394
  • GPIIA'
  • PECA1
  • PECAM1
  • PECAM-1
  • PECAM-1, CD31/EndoCAM
  • platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule
  • platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1
  • platelet/endothelial cell adhesion molecule

Background

Cluster of differentiation (CD31), Platelet Endothelial Cell Adhesion Molecule 1 (PECAM-1), is a 30kDa type I transmembrane glycoprotein expressed by endothelial cells, platelets, leukocytes and some lymphocytes (e.g., B and T-cell subsets). Structurally, PECAM-1 consists of six extracellular immunoglobulin-like domains which serve to support various functions including homophilic binding, maintaining high expression of PECAM-1 within endothelial intercellular junctions, and supporting endothelial cell migration (1,2). PECAM's homophilic binding underscores its role in vascular barrier integrity and leukocyte trans-endothelial movement. However, PECAM may also engage in heterophilic interactions with molecules such as glycosaminoglycans (GAG), integrin alpha 5 beta 3, CD38 in lymphocytes and CD177/PR3 in neutrophils (2).

PECAM's intracellular cytoplasmic domain consists of a sequence of 118 amino acids and contains serine and tyrosine (also referred to as immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibitory motifs-ITIMs) residues, which may be phosphorylated upon cellular stimulation (3). ITIMs are phosphorylated by Src-family kinases and non-Src family kinases (e.g., Csk), leading to a conformational change which supports interactions with Src homology 2 (SH2) domain containing proteins such as protein-tyrosine phosphatase, SHP-2 (1,2). Formation of SHP-2/PECAM-1 complexes induces endothelial cell migration through the dephosphorylation of focal adhesion kinase and regulation of RhoA activity (1). Signaling downstream of ITIM tyrosine phosphorylations also plays a role in PECAM's anti-apoptotic activity, a function which is independent of its interaction with SHP-2. In platelets and leukocytes, phosphorylation of PECAM's cytosolic domain is inhibitory, preventing their activation.

References

1. Lertkiatmongkol, P., Liao, D., Mei, H., Hu, Y., & Newman, P. J. (2016). Endothelial functions of PECAM-1 (CD31). Current Opinion in Hematology. https://doi.org/10.1097/MOH.0000000000000239.Endothelial

2. Privratsky, J. R., & Newman, P. J. (2014). PECAM-1: Regulator of endothelial junctional integrity. Cell and Tissue Research. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00441-013-1779-3

3. Newman, P. J., & Newman, D. K. (2003). Signal transduction pathways mediated by PECAM-1: New roles for an old molecule in platelet and vascular cell biology. Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology. https://doi.org/10.1161/01.ATV.0000071347.69358.D9

Limitations

This product is for research use only and is not approved for use in humans or in clinical diagnosis. Primary Antibodies are guaranteed for 1 year from date of receipt.

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Bioinformatics

Gene Symbol PECAM1
Uniprot