TNF-alpha Antibody (D2E7 (Adalimumab)) - Chimeric


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Product Details

Reactivity HuSpecies Glossary
Applications ELISA, IHC, B/N, ICC/IF
D2E7 (Adalimumab)
1 mg/ml

TNF-alpha Antibody (D2E7 (Adalimumab)) - Chimeric Summary

Additional Information
Recombinant Monoclonal Antibody.
This antibody was generated by affinity maturation from the 2SD4 scFv, which in turn was selected on human TNF alpha by guided phage-display technology, using the murine anti-hTNF alpha antibody Mab32 as a template (c.f. also US Patent 6090382).
Binds to soluble TNF-alpha, but not to lymphotoxin (TNF beta).
IgG Kappa
Protein A purified
Innovator's Reward
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  • Block/Neutralize
  • ELISA 1:100 - 1:2000
  • Immunofluorescence 1:10 - 1:500
  • Immunohistochemistry 1:10 - 1:500
Application Notes
NOT FOR THERAPEUTIC USE - This is a research-grade biosimilar. This chimeric rabbit antibody was made using the variable domain sequences of the original human IgG1 format, for improved compatibility with existing reagents, assays and techniques.

Packaging, Storage & Formulations

Store at 4C for up to 3 months. For longer storage, aliquot and store at -20C.
0.02% Proclin 300
1 mg/ml
Protein A purified

Alternate Names for TNF-alpha Antibody (D2E7 (Adalimumab)) - Chimeric

  • APC1 protein
  • biosimilar antibody
  • biosimilars
  • Cachectin
  • Cachetin
  • DIF
  • TNF
  • TNF, monocyte-derived
  • TNFA
  • TNF-A
  • TNFalpha
  • TNF-alpha
  • TNF-alphacachectin
  • TNFATNF, macrophage-derived
  • TNFG1F
  • TNFSF2
  • TNFSF2TNF superfamily, member 2
  • tumor necrosis factor (TNF superfamily, member 2)
  • tumor necrosis factor alpha
  • Tumor necrosis factor ligand superfamily member 2
  • tumor necrosis factor
  • tumor necrosis factor-alpha


Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha is a pro-inflammatory cytokine belonging to the TNF superfamily that is secreted by monocytes/macrophages, T cell, and natural killer (NK), among others (1). TNF-alpha is synthesized as a 233 amino acid (aa) transmembrane protein (mTNF-alpha) with a theoretical molecular weight (MW) of 26 kDa (1,2) that forms a homotrimer. mTNF-alpha is cleaved by TNF-alpha converting enzyme (TACE) and released in its 157 aa, 17 kDa soluble form (sTNF-alpha) (1-5). Both mTNF-alpha and sTNF-alpha are capable of binding type 1 TNF receptors (TNFR1), whereas mTNF-alpha predominately binds to TNFR2 (1,2). TNF-alpha binding to its receptors causes receptor recruitment of adaptor proteins, formation of signaling complexes, and downstream signaling cascades (e.g. MAPK, NF-kappaB, and Caspase-8), leading to distinct cellular responses such as survival, proliferation, inflammation, necroptosis, and apoptosis (1-5).

TNF-alpha is critical for normal immune response; however, dysregulation of TNF-alpha production can result in various pathologies (2,4,5). Excessive production of pro-inflammatory cytokines including interleukin 1 (IL-1), IL-6, and TNF-alpha has been implicated in an array of autoimmune diseases like rheumatoid arthritis (RA), inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), and psoriasis (2,4,5). Anti-TNF monoclonal antibodies, including Infliximab, and soluble TNFR have been approved for the treatment of autoimmune and TNF-mediated diseases (5). Additionally, data suggests that TNF inhibitors can be beneficial for treating patients experiencing immune-related adverse events associated with immune checkpoint inhibitor cancer treatment (6).


1. Holbrook J, Lara-Reyna S, Jarosz-Griffiths H, McDermott M. Tumour necrosis factor signalling in health and disease. F1000Res. 2019;8:F1000 Faculty Rev-111.

2. Jang DI, Lee AH, Shin HY, et al. The Role of Tumor Necrosis Factor Alpha (TNF-alpha) in Autoimmune Disease and Current TNF-alpha Inhibitors in Therapeutics. Int J Mol Sci. 2021;22(5):2719.

3. Horiuchi T, Mitoma H, Harashima S, Tsukamoto H, Shimoda T. Transmembrane TNF-alpha: structure, function and interaction with anti-TNF agents. Rheumatology (Oxford). 2010;49(7):1215-1228.

4. Webster JD, Vucic D. The Balance of TNF Mediated Pathways Regulates Inflammatory Cell Death Signaling in Healthy and Diseased Tissues. Front Cell Dev Biol. 2020;8:365.

5. Kalliolias GD, Ivashkiv LB. TNF biology, pathogenic mechanisms and emerging therapeutic strategies. Nat Rev Rheumatol. 2016; 12(1):49-62.

6. Chen AY, Wolchok JD, Bass AR. TNF in the era of immune checkpoint inhibitors: friend or foe?. Nat Rev Rheumatol. 2021;17(4):213-223. doi:10.1038/s41584-021-00584-4


This product is for research use only and is not approved for use in humans or in clinical diagnosis. Primary Antibodies are guaranteed for 1 year from date of receipt.

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Product General Protocols

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FAQs for TNF-alpha Antibody (NBP2-62568). (Showing 1 - 4 of 4 FAQ).

  1. I need to know about TNF-alpha antibody kits for mice.
    • We currently have two TNFalpha ELISA kits specific for mouse: catalog numbers KA0257 and NBP1-92670.
  2. I would like to ask you for help. I need an antibody for Elisa to detect human TNF alpha in a supernatant from a cell culture (meaning supernatant after centrifugation of collected cell suspension from a plate well). Which of your antibodies against human tnf alpha would be suitable? I would like to buy only the primary antibody.
    • I would recommend catalog number NBP1-67821 or NB600-587; however, a full list of our anti-human TNF alpha antibodies suitable for use in ELISA can be found using this link.
  3. I am interested in a TNF alpha antibody, cross reactive for human, rat and mouse (host species: rabbit). Could your product NBP1-19532 be used in western blotting applications? Or do you have a similar product in your catalog which could fit with my request?
    • The antibody you mention, NBP1-19532, has not yet been validated in Western blot. I would instead recommend either NBP1-67821 or NB600-587. These are both rabbit polyclonal antibodies that cross-reacts with human, mouse and rat and have been used in Western blotting.
  4. Can your TNF-alpha products be used to treat TBI victims and therefore avoid the perispinal injections with Enbrel?
    • I am very sorry, but all of our products are for scientific research use only, and none are intended or approved for use in humans.

Secondary Antibodies


Isotype Controls

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Tired T cells: Hypoxia Drives T cell Exhaustion in the Tumor Microenvironment
By Hunter MartinezThe paradigm shifting view of the immune system being leveraged to target cancer has led to numerous therapeutic breakthroughs. One major cell group responsible for this revelation is a T cell. ...  Read full blog post.

Immune Cell Metabolic Flux Influences Type I Diabetes
By Hunter MartinezWhat is Immunometabolism?It is well established that abnormal metabolic environments can be a risk factor for disease development. One characteristic example is the role of dyslipidemia (high lev...  Read full blog post.

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Liver ASK1 activates autophagy to protect against hepatic fat accumulation, non-alcoholic steatohepatitis and fibrosis
By Jamshed Arslan, Pharm. D., PhD. The most common chronic liver disorder worldwide is non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). This obesity-linked disorder can manifest as hepatic fat accumulation (steatosis) wit...  Read full blog post.

Metabolic Syndrome: Symptoms and associated disease states
By Jamshed Arslan, Pharm. D., PhD. What is metabolic syndrome?It was 1988 when, after decades of research, Dr. GM Reaven    of the Stanford University, CA, explained the relationship between four diseases:...  Read full blog post.

Increased wild type FUS levels in ALS patients lead to a toxic microenvironment and motor neuron neurodegeneration
By Michalina Hanzel, PhDFUS mutations in Amyotrophic Lateral SclerosisFused in sarcoma (FUS) is a ribonucleoprotein that continuously shuttles between the nucleus and the cytoplasm to regulate pre-mRNA splicing, mRN...  Read full blog post.

You complete me: Natural killer cells need TGF-beta inhibition to effectively combat cancers
By Jamshed Arslan Pharm.D. Natural killer (NK) cells are lymphocytes of the innate immune system that were first discovered for their “natural” ability to kill cancer cells. To use NK cells as anti-cancer therapy, t...  Read full blog post.

Friends become Foes: Molecular Chaperons, Hsp70 and Hsp90, Cause Muscle Wasting in Cancers
By Jamshed Arslan Pharm.D. Muscle atrophy is a common feature of many tumors. Cancer-induced muscle wasting, or cancer cachexia, results from pro-in?ammatory cytokines (TNFa and IL-6) and/or agonists of type IIB ac...  Read full blog post.

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Gene Symbol TNF