CD4 Antibody (Bu-ILA11A)

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Product Details

Summary
Reactivity Bv, Ma-WBSpecies Glossary
Applications Flow, IHC, IHC-Fr
Clone
Bu-ILA11A
Clonality
Monoclonal
Host
Mouse
Conjugate
Unconjugated
Concentration
1 mg/ml

Order Details

CD4 Antibody (Bu-ILA11A) Summary

Immunogen
Bovine mononuclear leukocytes
Isotype
IgG2a
Clonality
Monoclonal
Host
Mouse
Gene
CD4
Purity
N/A
Innovator's Reward
Test in a species/application not listed above to receive a full credit towards a future purchase.

Applications/Dilutions

Dilutions
  • Flow Cytometry 1:10 - 1:1000
  • Immunohistochemistry 1:10 - 1:500
  • Immunohistochemistry-Frozen 1:10 - 1:500

Packaging, Storage & Formulations

Storage
Store at 4C short term. Aliquot and store at -20C long term. Avoid freeze-thaw cycles.
Buffer
Ascites
Preservative
0.09% Sodium Azide
Concentration
1 mg/ml
Purity
N/A

Notes

This monoclonal antibody is made in ascites form using mice. The ascites is collected and centrifuged to remove cells and large particles. The ascitic fluid is purified further by filtration through sequential filters with the last filter at 2 um. The concentration of the monoclonal antibody present in the ascites is determined with commercial radial immunodiffusion kits (1mg/ml).

Alternate Names for CD4 Antibody (Bu-ILA11A)

  • CD_antigen: CD4
  • CD4 antigen (p55)
  • CD4 antigen
  • CD4 molecule
  • CD4 receptor
  • CD4
  • CD4mut
  • T-cell surface antigen T4/Leu-3
  • T-cell surface glycoprotein CD4

Background

CD4 (cluster of differentiation 4), also known as L3T4 or T4, is a 55 kDa single chain type I transmembrane glycoprotein belonging to the immunoglobin (Ig) superfamily. CD4 is predominantly expressed on most thymocytes, a subset of mature T lymphocytes, and weakly on monocytes, tissue macrophages, dendritic cells, and granulocytes. It is also expressed on neurons and glial cells in the brain (1). CD4 is expressed along with CD8 on double positive T cells during their development in the thymus. Either CD4 or CD8 expression is then lost giving rise to single positive (SP) CD4+ or CD8+ mature T cells. CD4+ SP cells (T helper cells) further differentiate into multiple subsets of CD4+ cells including Th1, Th2, Th17, Tfh, and Treg cells which regulate humoral and cellular immunity (2). The extracellular region of CD4 consists of 372 amino acids (aa) with four immunoglobin-like domains (D1-D4). The structures of D1 and D3 resemble variable (IgV) domains while D2 and D4 resemble constant (IgC) domains (3).

Given its critical role in T cell development, CD4 also has diverse immunology-related functions. CD4 acts as a coreceptor with the T-cell receptor (TCR) during T cell activation and thymic differentiation by binding directly to major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II antigens and associating with the protein tyrosine kinase, Lck (4). This interaction contributes to the formation of the immunological synapse (5). Defects in antigen presentation cause dysfunction of CD4+ T cells and the almost complete loss of MHC II expression on B cells in peripheral blood, as observed in severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) (6). CD4 also functions as a receptor for the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) by binding to gp120, the envelope glycoprotein of HIV-1. It has been shown that the V-like domains are critical for binding to gp120 (7). In immune mediated and infectious diseases of the central nervous system, CD4 functions as an indirect mediator of neuronal damage (8).

References

1. Omri, B., Crisanti, P., Alliot, F., Marty, M., Rutin, J., Levallois, C., . . . Pessac, B. (1994). CD4 expression in neurons of the central nervous system. International Immunology, 6(3), 377-385. doi:10.1093/intimm/6.3.377

2. Wan, Y. Y., & Flavell, R. A. (2009). How diverse-CD4 effector T cells and their functions. Journal of Molecular Cell Biology, 1(1), 20-36. doi:10.1093/jmcb/mjp001

3. Wu, H., Myszka, D. G., Tendian, S. W., Brouillette, C. G., Sweet, R. W., Chaiken, I. M., & Hendrickson, W. A. (1996). Kinetic and structural analysis of mutant CD4 receptors that are defective in HIV gp120 binding. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 93(26), 15030-15035. doi:10.1073/pnas.93.26.15030

4. Doyle, C., & Strominger, J. L. (1987). Interaction between CD4 and class II MHC molecules mediates cell adhesion. Nature, 330, 256-259. doi:10.1038/330256a0

5. Vignali, D. A. (2010). CD4 on the road to coreceptor status. The Journal of Immunology, 184(11), 5933-5934. doi:10.4049/jimmunol.1090037

6. Tasher, D., & Dalal, I. (2012). The genetic basis of severe combined immunodeficiency and its variants. The Application of Clinical Genetics, 5, 67-80. doi:10.2147/tacg.s18693

7. Arthos, J., Deen, K. C., Chaikin, M. A., Fornwald, J. A., Sathe, G., Sattentau, Q. J., . . . Sweet, R. W. (1989). Identification of the residues in human CD4 critical for the binding of HIV. Cell, 57(3), 469-481. doi:10.1016/0092-8674(89)90922-7

8. Buttini, M., Westland, C. E., Masliah, E., Yafeh, A. M., Wyss-Coray, T., Mucke, L. (1998). Novel role of human cd4 molecule identified in neurodegeneration. Nature Medicine, 4(4), 441-446. doi:10.1038/nm0498-441

Limitations

This product is for research use only and is not approved for use in humans or in clinical diagnosis. Primary Antibodies are guaranteed for 1 year from date of receipt.

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Product General Protocols

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FAQs for CD4 Antibody (NBP2-60880). (Showing 1 - 1 of 1 FAQ).

  1. I want to stain some T cell subsets (Th17 and Th1), do you have antibodies for that? I need for flow cytometer in sheep or goat.
    • Unfortunately, we have neither a CD4 antibody nor an IL-17 antibody that has been validated in sheep or goat, although if you would like to try one you would again be eligible for our Innovators Reward Program. Please contact us at innovators@novusbio.com with any questions regarding this program.

Secondary Antibodies

 

Isotype Controls

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Bioinformatics

Gene Symbol CD4