EpCAM/TROP1 Antibody (CL6313)

Images

 
Orthogonal Strategies: Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: EpCAM/TROP1 Antibody (CL6313) [NBP2-76486] - Analysis in human small intestine and tonsil tissues. Corresponding EPCAM RNA-seq data are presented for the same ...read more
Western Blot: EpCAM/TROP1 Antibody (CL6313) [NBP2-76486] - Analysis in human cell line CAPAN-2.
Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: EpCAM/TROP1 Antibody (CL6313) [NBP2-76486] - Staining of human tonsil shows no positivity in lymphoid cells as expected.
Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: EpCAM/TROP1 Antibody (CL6313) [NBP2-76486] - Staining of human small intestine shows strong membranous positivity in glandular cells.

Product Details

Summary
Reactivity HuSpecies Glossary
Applications WB, IHC, IHC-P
Clone
CL6313
Clonality
Monoclonal
Host
Mouse
Conjugate
Unconjugated
Validated by:
       

Orthogonal Strategies

 

Order Details

EpCAM/TROP1 Antibody (CL6313) Summary

Immunogen
This antibody was developed against Recombinant Protein corresponding to amino acids: NGSKLGRRAKPEGALQNND
Isotype
IgG1
Clonality
Monoclonal
Host
Mouse
Gene
EPCAM
Purity
Protein A purified
Innovator's Reward
Test in a species/application not listed above to receive a full credit towards a future purchase.

Applications/Dilutions

Dilutions
  • Immunohistochemistry 1:50 - 1:200
  • Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin 1:50 - 1:200
  • Western Blot 1 ug/ml
Application Notes
For IHC-Paraffin, HIER pH 6 retrieval is recommended.

Packaging, Storage & Formulations

Storage
Store at 4C short term. Aliquot and store at -20C long term. Avoid freeze-thaw cycles.
Buffer
PBS, pH 7.2, containing 40% glycerol
Preservative
0.02% Sodium Azide
Purity
Protein A purified

Alternate Names for EpCAM/TROP1 Antibody (CL6313)

  • 17-1A
  • 323/A3
  • ACSTD1
  • antigen identified by monoclonal AUA1
  • CD326 antigen
  • CD326
  • Cell surface glycoprotein Trop-1
  • chromosome 4, surface marker (35kD glycoprotein)
  • DIAR5
  • EGP
  • EGP-2
  • EGP314
  • EGP40
  • EpCAM
  • epithelial cell adhesion molecule
  • Epithelial cell surface antigen
  • Epithelial glycoprotein 314
  • Epithelial glycoprotein
  • ESA
  • GA733-2
  • GA733-2EGP34
  • gp40
  • hEGP314
  • HNPCC8
  • KS 1/4 antigen
  • KS1/4
  • KSAHEA125
  • M1S2
  • M4S1
  • M4S1Ly74
  • Major gastrointestinal tumor-associated protein GA733-2
  • MIC18MH99
  • MOC31
  • TACST-1
  • TACSTD1
  • TROP1
  • TROP1CD326
  • Tumor-associated calcium signal transducer 1CO-17A

Background

Epithelial cell adhesion molecule (EpCAM), also known as TROP1 and CD326, is a type I transmembrane glycoprotein that plays a role in a number of cellular processes including adhesion, signaling, maintaining stemness, proliferation, migration, and invasion (1,2). The human EpCAM protein is 314 amino acids (aa) in length with a theoretical molecular weight (MW) of ~35 kDa (1,3,4). The EpCAM protein includes a signal peptide, an extracellular N-terminal domain, a thyroglobulin type-1 domain, a carboxyl-terminal domain, a single-pass transmembrane domain, and an intracellular domain (1,3). The protein is highly conserved and has approximately 81% aa sequence identity between human and mouse (5). Trophoblast cell-surface antigen 2 (TROP2) also shares ~67% aa sequence similarity with EpCAM (1,5). While both EpCAM and TROP2 are cell surface markers expressed in the epithelium, their expression levels typically do not correlate (5). EpCAM is expressed in normal epithelial tissue and elevated expression is observed in many epithelial carcinomas (1-3) Patient tumor samples with increased EpCAM expression have been associated with poor prognosis (1). Given EpCAM's elevated expression in tumors, it has become a potential target for cancer therapy approaches, including monoclonal antibody treatment and anti-EpCAM trispecific antibodies (1,5).

EpCAM functions as an intracellular signaling molecule and contributes to regulation of epithelial-to-mesenchymal (EMT) transition (4,5). EpCAM is cleaved during the process of regulated intramembrane proteolysis (RIP) (4,5). Initial cleavage occurs at the membrane via a disintegrin and metalloprotease 17 (ADAM17) which releases EpCAM's extracellular domain (EpEx) (4,5). A secondary cleavage is mediated by presenilin 2 (PSEN2) which releases EpCAM's cytoplasmic trail (EpICD) (4,5). EpICD translocates to the nucleus where it associates with beta-catenin, FHL-2, and LEF-1 and induces transcription of genes related to EMT and tumor growth (4,5). EpCAM has also been shown to regulate structure and functionality of the apical junction complex of cells through direct interaction with claudin-7 and association with E-cadherin (2,5). Loss of EpCAM disrupts adherins junction and tight junction structure and function (2).

References

1. Mohtar MA, Syafruddin SE, Nasir SN, Low TY. Revisiting the Roles of Pro-Metastatic EpCAM in Cancer. Biomolecules. 2020; 10(2):255. https://doi.org/10.3390/biom10020255

2. Huang L, Yang Y, Yang F, et al. Functions of EpCAM in physiological processes and diseases (Review). Int J Mol Med. 2018; 42(4):1771-1785. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijmm.2018.3764

3. Brown TC, Sankpal NV, Gillanders WE. Functional Implications of the Dynamic Regulation of EpCAM during Epithelial-to-Mesenchymal Transition. Biomolecules. 2021; 11(7):956. https://doi.org/10.3390/biom11070956

4. Uniprot (P16422)

5. Schnell U, Cirulli V, Giepmans BN. EpCAM: structure and function in health and disease. Biochim Biophys Acta. 2013; 1828(8):1989-2001. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbamem.2013.04.018

Limitations

This product is for research use only and is not approved for use in humans or in clinical diagnosis. Primary Antibodies are guaranteed for 1 year from date of receipt.

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Video Protocols

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FAQs for EpCAM/TROP1 Antibody (NBP2-76486). (Showing 1 - 1 of 1 FAQ).

  1. I'm looking for EpCAM antibody for rat. Do you have any antibody which can use FACS?
    • We unfortunately do not have any EpCAM antibodies validated in FACS for detection of the rat protein. I am sorry for any inconvenience. I do have three products to EpCAM that can detect the rat protein. These products have been validated to detect the native rat protein, so they may work for FACS however they have not yet been tested in that particular application. If you would like to try them in your experiment you would qualify for our Innovator's Reward Program. This program was designed to help scientists with the cost of their antibodies in return for valuable information. If you decide to test an antibody in a previously untested species or application we will issue you a credit for the purchase price of the antibody in exchange for a review of your experiment using our product.

Secondary Antibodies

 

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Blogs on EpCAM/TROP1.

Stemness is responsible for onset and metastasis of colorectal cancer
By Jamshed Arslan, Pharm. D., PhD. Colorectal cancer stem cells are a rare subpopulation of colorectal cancer cells that can self-renew and initiate and sustain tumor growth when transplanted into an animal host.1,2 C...  Read full blog post.

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Bioinformatics

Gene Symbol EPCAM