CCL4/MIP‑1 beta was detected in perfusion fixed frozen sections of mouse small intestine using Goat Anti-Mouse CCL4/MIP‑1 beta Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF-451-NA) at 1.7 µg/mL ...read more
CCL4/MIP‑1 beta was detected in immersion fixed RAW 264.7 mouse monocyte/macrophage cell line untreated (right panel) and treated with LPS (left panel) using Goat Anti-Mouse CCL4/MIP‑1 beta Antigen ...read more
Recombinant Mouse CCL4/MIP‑1 beta (Catalog # 451‑MB) chemoattracts the BaF3 mouse pro‑B cell line transfected with human CCR5 in a dose-dependent manner (orange line). The amount of cells that migrated through to ...read more
Western blot shows lysates of RAW 264.7 mouse monocyte/macrophage cell line untreated (-) or treated (+) with 10 μg/mL LPS for 4 hours. PVDF membrane was probed with 1 µg/mL of Goat Anti-Mouse CCL4/MIP‑1 ...read more
E. coli-derived recombinant mouse CCL4/MIP-1 beta Ala24-Asn92 Accession # Q5QNV9
Detects CCL4/MIP-1 beta in direct ELISAs and Western blots. In direct ELISAs, less than 5% cross-reactivity with recombinant human (rh) MIP‑1 beta and recombinant mouse (rm) MIP-1 alpha is observed. This antibody will not neutralize the biological activity of rmMIP-1 alpha. In the chemotaxis assay this antibody will partially neutralize rhMIP-1 alpha and rhMIP-1 beta at a 10‑30 fold higher IgG concentration.
<0.10 EU per 1 μg of the antibody by the LAL method.
Test in a species/application not listed above to receive a full credit towards a future purchase.
Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with Trehalose. *Small pack size (SP) is supplied as a 0.2 µm filtered solution in PBS.
Reconstitute at 0.2 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
This product is produced by and ships from R&D Systems, Inc., a Bio-Techne brand.
Alternate Names for CCL4/MIP-1 beta Antibody [Unconjugated]
C-C motif chemokine 4
chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 4
G-26 T-lymphocyte-secreted protein
Lymphocyte activation gene 1 protein
Macrophage inflammatory protein 1-beta
secreted protein G-26
small inducible cytokine A4 (homologous to mouse Mip-1b)
Small-inducible cytokine A4
T-cell activation protein 2
CCL4, also known as macrophage inflammatory protein 1 beta (MIP-1 beta ), is a 12 kDa beta chemokine that is secreted at sites of inflammation by activated leukocytes, lymphocytes, vascular endothelial cells, and pulmonary smooth muscle cells (1, 2). CCL4 attracts a variety of immune cells to sites of microbial infection as well as to other pathologic inflammation such as allergic asthma and ischemic myocardium (3-8). A CCL4 deficiency in mice promotes the development of autoantibodies, possibly as a result of compromised regulatory T cell recruitment (6). CCL4 is secreted from activated monocytes as a heterodimer with CCL3/MIP-1 alpha (9). The first two N-terminal amino acids can be cleaved from human CCL4 by CD26/DPPIV (10, 11). Both the full length and truncated forms exert biological activity through CCR5, and the truncated form additionally interacts with CCR1 and CCR2 (10). In humans, the ability of CCL4 to bind CCR5 inhibits the cellular entry of M-tropic HIV-1 which utilizes CCR5 as a coreceptor (2). Both forms of CCL4 block HIV-1 infection of T cells by inducing the downregulation of CCR5 (10). Mature mouse CCL4 shares 77% and 86% aa sequence identity with human and rat CCL4, respectively.
Rot, A. and U.H. von Andrian (2004) Annu. Rev. Immunol. 22:891.
Menten, P. et al. (2002) Cytokine Growth Factor Rev. 13:455.
Sun, X. et al. (2006) Infec. Immun. 74:5943.
Bisset, L.R. and Schmid-Grendelmeier, P. (2005) Curr. Opin. Pulm. Med. 11:35.
Frangogiannis, N.G. (2004) Inflamm. Res. 53:585.
Bystry, R.S. et al. (2001) Nat. Immunol. 2:1126.
Oliveira, S.H.P. et al. (2002) J. Leukoc. Biol. 71:1019.
Schall, T.J. et al. (1993) J. Exp. Med. 177:1821.
Guan, E. et al. (2001) J. Biol. Chem. 276:12404.
Guan, E. et al. (2002) J. Biol. Chem. 277:32348.
Guan, E. et al. (2004) J. Cell. Biochem. 92:53.
This product is for research use only and is not approved for use in humans or in clinical diagnosis. Primary Antibodies are guaranteed for 1 year from date of receipt.
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Bio-Techne appreciates the critical role that you and our products and services play in research efforts to further scientific innovation and discovery. We are continually assessing our manufacturing and supplier capabilities during the COVID-19 situation and are implementing precautionary measures to ensure uninterrupted supply of products and services. Currently, and as we abide by local shelter in place orders across the world, we are fully operational and do not anticipate any material supply disruptions across our Bio-Techne brands and product lines. As the situation evolves, our goal is to utilize preventive measures to reduce the threat that COVID-19 poses to our ability to meet the needs of our customers globally.