TLR3 Antibody [Biotin]

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Product Details

Summary
Reactivity HuSpecies Glossary
Applications WB
Clonality
Polyclonal
Host
Goat
Conjugate
Biotin
Concentration
LYOPH

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TLR3 Antibody [Biotin] Summary

Immunogen
Mouse myeloma cell line NS0-derived recombinant human TLR3
Lys27-Ser711
Accession # O15455
Specificity
Detects human TLR3 in Western blots. In this format, less than 1% cross-reactivity with recombinant human (rh) TLR1, rhTLR2, rhTLR4, and recombinant mouse TLR6 is observed.
Source
N/A
Isotype
IgG
Clonality
Polyclonal
Host
Goat
Gene
TLR3
Purity
Antigen Affinity-purified
Purity Statement
Antigen Affinity-purified
Innovator's Reward
Test in a species/application not listed above to receive a full credit towards a future purchase.

Applications/Dilutions

Packaging, Storage & Formulations

Storage
Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
  • 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Buffer
Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with BSA as a carrier protein.
Preservative
No Preservative
Concentration
LYOPH
Purity
Antigen Affinity-purified
Reconstitution Instructions
Reconstitute at 0.2 mg/mL in sterile PBS.

Notes

This product is produced by and ships from R&D Systems, Inc., a Bio-Techne brand.

Alternate Names for TLR3 Antibody [Biotin]

  • CD283 antigen
  • CD283
  • TLR3
  • toll-like receptor 3

Background

Human TLR3 is a 116 kDa type I transmembrane glycoprotein that belongs to the mammalian Toll-Like Receptor family of pathogen pattern recognition molecules (1, 2). There are at least eleven mouse and ten human members that activate the innate immune system following exposure to a variety of microbial species (3). The human TLR3 cDNA encodes a 904 amino acid (aa) precursor that contains a 23 aa signal sequence, a 681 aa extracellular domain (ECD), a 21 aa transmembrane segment, and a 179 aa cytoplasmic region (4). The horseshoe shaped ECD (5, 6) contains 23 leucine rich repeats, and the cytoplasmic domain contains one Toll/IL-1 receptor (TIR) domain. The ECD of human TLR3 shares 80%, 79%, and 77% aa sequence identity with the ECD of rat, mouse, and bovine TLR3, respectively. TLR3 is found in phagosomes (7), where the acidic pH enables binding of internalized double stranded RNA and mRNA from viruses, parasites, and necrotic virally-infected cells (8 - 11). Ligand binding by TLR3 induces receptor dimerization (5, 6, 8) leading to the release of inflammatory cytokines and dendritic cell maturation (9, 11 - 13). TLR3 is expressed in dendritic cells, macrophages, microglia, and astrocytes (13 - 15) and is upregulated by IFN-beta and LPS (9, 14). TLR3 expression is also induced by lung fibroblasts and epithelial cells by respiratory syncytial virus infection (12).

  1. Sen, G.C. and S.N. Sarkar (2005) Cytokine Growth Factor Rev. 16:1.
  2. Schroder, M. and A.G. Bowie (2005) Trends Immunol. 26:462.
  3. Hopkins, P.A. and S. Sriskandan (2005) Clin. Exp. Immunol. 140:395.
  4. Rock, F.L. et al. (1998) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 95:588.
  5. Choe, J. et al. (2005) Science 309:581.
  6. Bell, J.K. et al. (2005) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 102:10976.
  7. Nishiya, T. et al. (2002) J. Biol. Chem. 280:37107.
  8. de Bouteiller, O. et al. (2005) J. Biol. Chem. 280:38133.
  9. Alexopoulou, L. et al. (2001) Nature 413:732.
  10. Aksoy, E. et al. (2005) J. Biol. Chem. 280:277.
  11. Kariko, K. et al. (2004) J. Biol. Chem. 279:12542.
  12. Rudd, B.D. et al. (2005) J. Virol. 79:3350.
  13. Farina, C. et al. (2005) J. Neuroimmunol. 159:12.
  14. Heinz, S. et al. (2003) J. Biol. Chem. 278:21502.
  15. Wang, T. et al. (2004) Nat. Med. 10:1366.

Limitations

This product is for research use only and is not approved for use in humans or in clinical diagnosis. Primary Antibodies are guaranteed for 1 year from date of receipt.

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Secondary Antibodies

 

Isotype Controls

Other Available Formats

Allophycocyanin IC1487A
Biotin BAF1487

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TRIF/TICAM1 and mitochondrial dynamics in the innate immune response
TRIF, also known as toll like receptor adaptor molecule 1 or TICAM1, is known for its role in invading foreign pathogens as part of our innate immune response. TRIF/TICAM1 is a TIR-domain adaptor protein (toll/interleukin-1 receptor) that interacts...  Read full blog post.

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Bioinformatics

Gene Symbol TLR3
Uniprot