TIM-3 Antibody (2321C) [Alexa Fluor® 647]

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Product Details

Summary
Reactivity HuSpecies Glossary
Applications Flow
Clone
2321C
Clonality
Monoclonal
Host
Rabbit
Conjugate
Alexa Fluor 647

TIM-3 Antibody (2321C) [Alexa Fluor® 647] Summary

Additional Information
Recombinant Monoclonal Antibody.
Immunogen
Mouse myeloma cell line NS0-derived recombinant human TIM-3
Met1-Arg200
Accession # Q8TDQ0
Specificity
Detects human TIM-3 in direct ELISAs.
Source
N/A
Isotype
IgG
Clonality
Monoclonal
Host
Rabbit
Innovator's Reward
Test in a species/application not listed above to receive a full credit towards a future purchase.

Applications/Dilutions

Dilutions
  • Flow Cytometry 0.25-1 ug/10^6 cells

Packaging, Storage & Formulations

Storage
Protect from light. Do not freeze.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, 2 to 8 °C as supplied.
Buffer
Supplied 0.2 mg/mL in a saline solution containing BSA and Sodium Azide.

Notes

This product is produced by and ships from R&D Systems, Inc., a Bio-Techne brand.

Alternate Names for TIM-3 Antibody (2321C) [Alexa Fluor® 647]

  • CD366
  • FLJ14428
  • HAVCR2
  • HAVcr-2
  • hepatitis A virus cellular receptor 2
  • kidney injury molecule-3
  • KIM-3
  • SPTCL
  • T cell immunoglobulin mucin 3
  • T cell immunoglobulin mucin-3
  • T-cell immunoglobulin and mucin domain-containing protein 3
  • TIM 3
  • TIM3 T-cell membrane protein 3
  • TIM3
  • TIM-3
  • TIMD3
  • TIMD-3
  • TIMD3KIM-3

Background

TIM-3 (T cell immunoglobulin and mucin domain-3) is a 60 kDa member of the TIM family of immune regulating molecules. TIMs are type I transmembrane glycoproteins with one Ig-like V-type domain and a Ser/Thr-rich mucin stalk (1-3). There are three TIM genes in human and eight in mouse. Mature human TIM-3 consists of a 181 amino acid (aa) extracellular domain (ECD), a 21 aa transmembrane segment, and a 78 aa cytoplasmic tail (4). An alternately spliced isoform is truncated following a short substitution after the Ig-like domain. Within the ECD, human TIM-3 shares 58% aa sequence identity with mouse and rat TIM-3. TIM-3 is expressed on the surface of effector T cells (CD4+ Th1 and CD8+ Tc1) but not on helper T cells (CD4+ Th2 and CD8+ Tc2) (4, 5). NK cells appear to transcribe the highest amounts of Tim-3 among lymphocytes, and when Tim-3 was cross-linked with antibodies it suppressed NK cell-mediated cytotoxicity (6). In chronic inflammation, autoimmune disorders, and some cancers, TIM-3 is upregulated on several other hematopoietic cell types. It also occurs on hippocampal neurons (7-10). The Ig domain of TIM-3 interacts with a ligand on resting but not activated Th1 and Th2 cells (5, 11). The glycosylated Ig domain of TIM-3 binds cell-associated galectin-9. This induces TIM-3 Tyr phosphorylation and pro-apoptotic signaling (8, 12). TIM-3 functions as a negative regulator of Th1 cell activity. Its blockade results in increased IFN-gamma production, Th1 cell proliferation and cytotoxicity (5, 10, 11), and regulatory T cell development (5). TIM-3 inhibits the antitumor efficacy of DNA vaccines and chemotherapy by binding to the damage-associated molecular pattern molecule, HMGB1 (13).

  1. Anderson, A.C. and D.E. Anderson (2006) Curr. Opin. Immunol. 18:665.
  2. Mariat, C. et al. (2005) Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B. 360:1681.
  3. Meyers, J.H. et al. (2005) Trends Mol. Med. 11:362.
  4. Monney, L. et al. (2002) Nature 415:536.
  5. Sanchez-Fueyo, A. et al. (2003) Nat. Immunol. 4:1093.
  6. Ndhlovu, L. et al. (2012) Blood 119:3734.
  7. Wiener, Z. et al. (2007) J. Invest. Dermatol. 127:906.
  8. van de Weyer, P.S. et al. (2006) Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 351:571.
  9. Gielen, A.W. et al. (2005) J. Neuroimmunol. 164:93.
  10. Oikawa, T. et al. (2006) J. Immunol. 177:4281.
  11. Sabatos, C.A. et al. (2003) Nat. Immunol. 4:1102.
  12. Zhu, C. et al. (2005) Nat. Immunol. 6:1245.
  13. Chiba, S. et al. (2012) Nat. Immunol. 13:832.

Limitations

This product is for research use only and is not approved for use in humans or in clinical diagnosis. Primary Antibodies are guaranteed for 1 year from date of receipt.

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Secondary Antibodies

 

Isotype Controls

Other Available Formats

Alexa Fluor 350 FAB23652U
Alexa Fluor 405 FAB23652V
Alexa Fluor 488 FAB23652G
Alexa Fluor 594 FAB23652T
Alexa Fluor 647 FAB23652R
Alexa Fluor 700 FAB23652N
Alexa Fluor 750 FAB23652S

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Blogs on TIM-3.

TIM-3, a critical immune checkpoint in HIV research
CD4+ T-helper cells (Th) are the white blood lymphocytes expressing surface glycoprotein antigen CD4. These T-helper cells play an important role in the adaptive immune system by releasing T cell cytokines that help other immune cells to suppress o...  Read full blog post.

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