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Rat VEGF DuoSet ELISA, 15 Plate

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Product Details

Summary
Reactivity RtSpecies Glossary
Applications ELISA
Conjugate
Biotin

Order Details

Rat VEGF DuoSet ELISA, 15 Plate Summary

Source
N/A
Assay Type
Solid Phase Sandwich ELISA
Inter-Assay
See PDF Datasheet for details
Intra-Assay
See PDF Datasheet for details
Spike Recovery
See PDF Datasheet for details
Sample Volume
See PDF Datasheet for details
Gene
Vegfa

Applications/Dilutions

Dilutions
  • ELISA
Application Notes
No significant interference observed with available related molecules.
Publications
Read Publications using DY564.

Packaging, Storage & Formulations

Storage
Store the unopened product at 2 - 8 °C. Do not use past expiration date.

Notes

This product is produced by and ships from R&D Systems, Inc., a Bio-Techne brand.

Alternate Names for Rat VEGF DuoSet ELISA, 15 Plate

  • MVCD1
  • VAS
  • vascular endothelial growth factor A
  • Vascular permeability factor
  • Vasculotropin
  • VEGF
  • VEGFA
  • VEGF-A
  • VEGFMGC70609
  • VPF
  • VPFvascular endothelial growth factor

Background

Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF or VEGF-A), also known as vascular permeability factor (VPF), is a potent mediator of both angiogenesis and vasculogenesis in the fetus and in adults (1-3). It is a member of the PDGF family that is characterized by the presence of eight conserved cysteine residues in a cystine knot structure and formation of anti-parallel disulfide-linked dimers (4). Alternately spliced isoforms of 120, 164, and 188 amino acids (aa) have been found in rats and mice, while 121, 145, 165, 183, 189, and 206 aa isoforms have been identified in humans (2, 4). In humans, VEGF165 appears to be the most abundant and potent isoform, followed by VEGF121 and VEGF189 (3, 4). The same pattern may exist in rats and mice. Isoforms other than VEGF120 and VEGF121 contain basic heparin-binding regions and are not freely diffusible (4). Rat VEGF164 shares 97% aa sequence identity with corresponding regions of mouse, 88% with human and bovine, 89% with porcine and canine, and 90% with feline and equine VEGF. VEGF is expressed in multiple cells and tissues including skeletal and cardiac muscle (5, 6), hepatocytes (7), osteoblasts (8), neutrophils (9), macrophages (10), keratinocytes (11), brown adipose tissue (12), CD34+ stem cells (13), endothelial cells (14), fibroblasts, and vascular smooth muscle cells (15). VEGF expression is induced by hypoxia and cytokines such as IL-1, IL-6, IL-8, Oncostatin M, and TNF-alpha (3, 4, 9). The isoforms are differentially expressed during development and in the adult (3). 
VEGF dimers bind to two related receptor tyrosine kinases, VEGF R1 (also called Flt-1) and VEGF R2 (Flk-1/KDR) and induce their homodimerization and autophosphorylation (3, 4, 7, 16, 17). These receptors have seven extracellular immunoglobulin-like domains and an intracellular split tyrosine kinase domain. They are expressed on vascular endothelial cells and a range of non-endothelial cells. Although VEGF affinity is highest for binding to VEGF R1, VEGF R2 appears to be the primary mediator of VEGF angiogenic activity (3, 4). VEGF165 also binds the semaphorin receptor, neuropilin-1, which promotes complex formation with VEGF R2 (18). 
VEGF is best known for its role in vasculogenesis. During embryogenesis, VEGF regulates the proliferation, migration, and survival of endothelial cells (3, 4), thus regulating blood vessel density and size but playing no role in determining vascular patterns. VEGF promotes bone formation through osteoblast and chondroblast recruitment and is also a monocyte chemoattractant (19-21). In postnatal life, VEGF maintains endothelial cell integrity and is a potent mitogen for micro- and macro-vascular endothelial cells. In adults, VEGF functions mainly in wound healing and the female reproductive cycle (3). In diseased tissues, VEGF promotes vascular permeability. It is thus thought to contribute to tumor metastasis by promoting both extravasation and tumor angiogenesis (22, 23). Various strategies have been employed therapeutically to antagonize VEGF-mediated tumor angiogenesis (24). Circulating VEGF levels correlate with disease activity in autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, multiple sclerosis and systemic lupus erythematosus (25).

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Publications for VEGF (DY564)(17)

We have publications tested in 1 confirmed species: Rat.


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Rat
(16)
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Showing Publications 1 - 10 of 17. Show All 17 Publications.
Publications using DY564 Applications Species
Wu, Y;Sun, J;Lin, Q;Wang, D;Hai, J; Sustained release of vascular endothelial growth factor A and basic fibroblast growth factor from nanofiber membranes reduces oxygen/glucose deprivation-induced injury to neurovascular units Neural regeneration research 2024-04-01 [PMID: 37843225]
CC Wu, YC Chen, YC Wu, SH Huang, YR Kuo, SS Lee Foraging for the Optimal Dressing Scaffold to Carry Adipose-Derived Stromal/Progenitor Cells for Cell Therapy Oncogene, 2022-01-01;31(0):9636897221113. 2022-01-01 [PMID: 35876233] (Rat) Rat
L Huang, W Liang, K Zhou, RA Wassel, ZD Ridge, JX Ma, B Wang Therapeutic Effects of Fenofibrate Nano-Emulsion Eye Drops on Retinal Vascular Leakage and Neovascularization Biology, 2021-12-15;10(12):. 2021-12-15 [PMID: 34943243] (Rat) Rat
DP Wang, KY Jin, P Zhao, Q Lin, K Kang, J Hai Neuroprotective Effects of VEGF-A Nanofiber Membrane and FAAH Inhibitor URB597 Against Oxygen-Glucose Deprivation-Induced Ischemic Neuronal Injury International Journal of Nanomedicine, 2021-05-27;16(0):3661-3678. 2021-05-27 [PMID: 34093011] (Rat) Rat
Y Ikegami, H Mizumachi, K Yoshida, H Ijima Heparin-conjugated collagen as a potent growth factor-localizing and stabilizing scaffold for regenerative medicine Regenerative Therapy, 2020-11-01;15(0):236-242. 2020-11-01 [PMID: 33426224] (Rat) Rat
HY Kim, SY Chun, EH Lee, B Kim, YS Ha, JW Chung, JN Lee, BS Kim, SH Oh, TG Kwon Bladder Regeneration Using a Polycaprolactone Scaffold with a Gradient Structure and Growth Factors in a Partially Cystectomized Rat Model J Korean Med Sci, 2020-10-26;35(41):e374. 2020-10-26 [PMID: 33107231] (Rat) Rat
S Chen, J Xu, Q Wei, Z Zhao, X Chen, H Cui, Y Zhang VEGF/Flk1 Mechanism is Involved in Roxarsone Promotion of Rat Endothelial Cell Growth and B16F10 Xenograft Tumor Angiogenesis Sci Rep, 2019-11-22;9(1):17417. 2019-11-22 [PMID: 31758020] (Rat) Rat
MB Zhu, LP Chen, M Hu, Z Shi, YN Liu Effects of lncRNA BANCR on endometriosis through ERK/MAPK pathway Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci, 2019-08-01;23(16):6806-6812. 2019-08-01 [PMID: 31486479] (Rat) Rat
WS Tan, P Arulselvan, SF Ng, CN Mat Taib, MN Sarian, S Fakurazi Improvement of diabetic wound healing by topical application of Vicenin-2 hydrocolloid film on Sprague Dawley rats BMC Complement Altern Med, 2019-01-17;19(1):20. 2019-01-17 [PMID: 30654793] (Rat) Rat
AM Birch, ÁM Kelly Lifelong environmental enrichment in the absence of exercise protects the brain from age-related cognitive decline Neuropharmacology, 2018-04-07;0(0):. 2018-04-07 [PMID: 29630903] (Rat) Rat
Show All 17 Publications.

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Product General Protocols

Find general support by application which include: protocols, troubleshooting, illustrated assays, videos and webinars.

FAQs for VEGF (DY564). (Showing 1 - 1 of 1 FAQs).

  1. Why is the molecular weight of VEGF different from the similar antibody, for some companies the the molecular weight is 40KD)?
    • I can't comment on another company's antibody because I don't have any information about their products. I can tell you that VEGF is expressed in a variety of isoforms and is subject to various post-translational modifications that influence its apparent molecular weight in an SDS-PAGE gel compared to the theoretical molecular weight.

Additional VEGF Products

Blogs on VEGF. Showing 1-10 of 23 blog posts - Show all blog posts.

Unlocking the Potential of Biosimilars in Immuno-Oncology
By Jennifer Jones, M.S.Biosimilar Antibodies: Imitation Meets InnovationIn the ever-evolving medical landscape, a new class of pharmaceuticals is emerging as a game-changer, poised to transform the way we approach...  Read full blog post.

Understanding ‘Y’ in Breast Cancer: Crucial Role of DNA/RNA-binding Protein YB-1 in the Development, Pre-Invasive, and Metastatic Phases
Jamshed Arslan, Pharm D, PhD In the United States, 1 in 8 women will be diagnosed with breast cancer in her lifetime.1 Despite the prevalence, cancer genesis is a mystery. The heterogeneity of cancers makes it diff...  Read full blog post.

Detecting HIF alpha and beyond: Best controls for hypoxia Western blot analysis
By Rosa Moreno, PhD. Detecting HIF alpha and beyond: Best controls for hypoxia Western blot analysisPhysiological low levels of oxygen induce normal hypoxic events across biological systems. This hypoxic state activ...  Read full blog post.

Neurovascular signaling for repair enhances brain metastasis
By Jamshed Arslan, Pharm. D., PhD. Stroke    is a leading cause of mortality and morbidity worldwide. Cellular players – neurons, astrocytes, endothelial and stromal cells – involved in post-stroke repair t...  Read full blog post.

mTOR Signaling and the Tumor Microenvironment
By Yoskaly Lazo-Fernandez, PhD The mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) is a conserved serine/threonine kinase that, as a member of two distinct intracellular protein complexes, mTORC1 and mTORC2, regulates protein ...  Read full blog post.

Chemotherapy-induced metastasis: An unexpected foe?
By Yoskaly Lazo-Fernandez, PhD IntroductionEvidence has accumulated recently indicating that common cancer therapies might stimulate metastasis in a significant number of cancer patients1. In fact, neoadjuvant che...  Read full blog post.

Getting Physical: Link between Lipid Metabolism and Hypoxia Target Genes
By Jamshed Arslan Pharm.D. von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) disease is associated with tumors arising in multiple organs. Activation of hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-alpha underlies the VHL disease pathogenesis. In normoxia...  Read full blog post.

The role of HIF-2 alpha in the progression and therapy of clear cell renal cell carcinoma
HIF-2 alpha, also known as hypoxia-inducible factor 2, endothelial PAS domain protein-1, and member of PAS superfamily 2 is part of the HIF family of proteins.  The HIF family is composed of HIF-1, HIF-2 and HIF-3, where HIF-2 is a dimeric protein ...  Read full blog post.

The application of CD31/Pecam-1 (MEC 7.46) in breast cancer research
CD31/PECAM-1, or platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule 1, is a 130-kDa glycoprotein expressed on vascular and hematopoietic cells.  Depending on the cell type, CD31/PECAM-1 expression can be largely localized to cell junctions, playing a rol...  Read full blog post.

The dynamic use of a PCNA antibody in fish, porcine and primate species
Proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) plays a crucial role in nucleic acid metabolism as it pertains to DNA replication and repair.  Most noted for its activation of subunits of DNA polymerase, it has also been found to interact with cell-cycl...  Read full blog post.

Showing 1-10 of 23 blog posts - Show all blog posts.

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Bioinformatics

Gene Symbol Vegfa