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VEGF Products

Antibodies
VEGF Antibody [Unconjugated] ...
VEGF Antibody [Unconjugated] - 164
AF-493-NA
Species: Mu
Applications: WB, IHC, B/N, ELISA(Cap)
Host: Goat Polyclonal
Conjugate Catalog # Availability Size Price
Formulation Catalog # Availability Price  
VEGF Antibody (26503) [Unconj ...
VEGF Antibody (26503) [Unconjugated]
MAB293
Species: Hu, Pm
Applications: WB, B/N, ELISA(Cap)
Host: Mouse Monoclonal
Formulation Catalog # Availability Price  
ELISA Kits
Human VEGF Quantikine ELISA K ...
Human VEGF Quantikine ELISA Kit
DVE00
Species: Hu
Applications: ELISA
Conjugate Catalog # Availability Size Price
Mouse VEGF Quantikine ELISA K ...
Mouse VEGF Quantikine ELISA Kit, 2...
MMV00
Species: Mu
Applications: ELISA
Conjugate Catalog # Availability Size Price
Human VEGF DuoSet ELISA, 15 P ...
Human VEGF DuoSet ELISA, 15 Plate
DY293B
Species: Hu
Applications: ELISA
Conjugate Catalog # Availability Size Price
Lysates
VEGF Overexpression Lysate
VEGF Overexpression Lysate
NBL1-17712
Species: Hu
Applications: WB
VEGF Overexpression Lysate
VEGF Overexpression Lysate
NBP2-09175
Species: Hu
Applications: WB
VEGF Overexpression Lysate
VEGF Overexpression Lysate
NBP2-09190
Species: Hu
Applications: WB
Proteins
Recombinant Human VEGF 165 Pr ...
Recombinant Human VEGF 165 Protein
293-VE
Species: Hu
Applications: Bioactivity
Recombinant Mouse VEGF 164 Pr ...
Recombinant Mouse VEGF 164 Protein
493-MV
Species: Mu
Applications: Bioactivity
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Recombinant Rat VEGF 164 Prot ...
Recombinant Rat VEGF 164 Protein
564-RV
Species: Rt
Applications: Bioactivity
Formulation Catalog # Availability Price  

Description

Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), also called VEGF-A and vascular permeability factor (VPF), is a secreted homodimeric glycoprotein belonging to the VEGF family with a role in stimulating angiogenesis and vasculogenesis (1,2). More specifically, VEGF-A secretion from most cell types contributes to promoting endothelial cell proliferation and migration, inhibiting apoptosis, increasing vascular permeability, and wound healing (1). The VEGF family consists of several members including VEGF-A, VEGF-B, VEGF-C, VEGF-D, VEGF-E, VEGF-F, and placenta growth factor (PLGF) (1-4). As a result of alternative splicing of the eight exon VEGFA gene, there are several VEGF-A protein isoforms of 121, 145, 165, 183, 189, and 206 amino acids (aa) in length, with VEGF121 and VEGF165 being the two most expressed isoforms (1,5). Full length VEGF-A monomer has a 26 aa signal sequence plus a 206 aa (VEGF206) sequence, with a theoretic molecular weight (MW) of 27 kDa, containing VEGF receptor 1 (VEGFR1) and VEGR2 binding sites and heparin-binding domains (1-3,5,6). VEGF121 lacks heparin affinity and binds the receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) VEGFR1 and VEGFR2, whereas VEGF165 has moderate affinity for heparin and, in addition to being a ligand for VEGFR1 and VEGFR2, can also bind the co-receptors neuropilin 1 (NRP1) and NRP2 (1,5). Hypoxia and hypoxia-related genes such as HIF-1, EGF, and PDGF are major regulators angiogenesis and VEGF expression (1,3). VEGF signaling initiated by ligand binding to its receptors results in activation of different pathways including PI3K and MAPK and ultimately guides endothelial cell proliferation, migration, and survival (1,3). While VEGF plays an important role in promoting normal angiogenesis and blood vessel formation, its expression is often upregulated in tumors and other angiogenesis-related pathologies like osteroarthritis (OA) (1-5,7). Given its function, VEGF and its receptors have become a therapeutic target for treating cancer and blocking angiogenesis (4,5,7). A recombinant humanized monoclonal anti-VEGFA antibody called bevacizumab (Avastin) was first approved by the FDA in 2004 for the treatment of a number of cancers (1-3,5). Cancer patients may experience resistance to anti-VEGF antibodies and, as such, clinical studies are exploring combination treatment options with chemotherapies and immune-checkpoint inhibitors (3,5).

References

1. Melincovici CS, Bosca AB, susman S, et al. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) - key factor in normal and pathological angiogenesis. Rom J Morphol Embryol. 2018;59(2):455-467.

2. Shaik F, Cuthbert GA, Homer-Vanniasinkam S, Muench SP, Ponnambalam S, Harrison MA. Structural Basis for Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor Activation and Implications for Disease Therapy. Biomolecules. 2020;10(12):1673. https://doi.org/10.3390/biom10121673

3. Apte RS, Chen DS, Ferrara N. VEGF in Signaling and Disease: Beyond Discovery and Development. Cell. 2019;176(6):1248-1264. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cell.2019.01.021

4. Matsumoto K, Ema M. Roles of VEGF-A signalling in development, regeneration, and tumours. J Biochem. 2014;156(1):1-10. https://doi.org/10.1093/jb/mvu031

5. Itatani Y, Kawada K, Yamamoto T, Sakai Y. Resistance to Anti-Angiogenic Therapy in Cancer-Alterations to Anti-VEGF Pathway. Int J Mol Sci. 2018;19(4):1232. Published 2018 Apr 18. doi:10.3390/ijms19041232

6. Uniprot (P15692)

7. Hamilton JL, Nagao M, Levine BR, Chen D, Olsen BR, Im HJ. Targeting VEGF and Its Receptors for the Treatment of Osteoarthritis and Associated Pain. J Bone Miner Res. 2016;31(5):911-924. https://doi.org/10.1002/jbmr.2828

Bioinformatics

Entrez Mouse
Human
Rat
Uniprot Human
Human
Human
Mouse
Product By Gene ID 7422
Alternate Names
  • MVCD1
  • vascular endothelial growth factor A
  • Vascular permeability factor
  • VEGF-A
  • VEGFMGC70609
  • VPFvascular endothelial growth factor

Research Areas for VEGF

Find related products by research area and learn more about each of the different research areas below.

Angiogenesis
Cancer
Cell Biology
HIF Target Genes
Hypoxia

Related VEGF Blog Posts

Check out the latest blog posts on VEGF.
Understanding the relationship between HIF-1 alpha, Hypoxia and Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition
Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a natural process by which epithelial cells lose their polarity and intercellular adhesion, and gain the migratory invasive properties of mesenchymal stem cells that can differentiate into a variety of cel...    Read more.
Using SCP3/SYCP3 Antibodies as Meiosis Markers in Gametogenesis and DNA Repair Studies
The synaptonemal complex (SC) is a protein structure that forms during the synapsis of homologous chromosomes during meiosis. This structure is involved in the processes of chromosome synapsis, genetic recombination and subsequent chromosome segregati...    Read more.
The role of HIF-1 Alpha signaling in the retina under hypoxic conditions
Hypoxia inducible factor 1 (HIF-1) is a protein that plays an essential role in hypoxia, or low levels of cellular oxygen. HIF-1 is a heterodimeric protein that consists of a constitutively expressed beta subunit and oxygen related alpha subunit.  ...    Read more.
The dynamic use of a PCNA antibody in fish, porcine and primate species
Proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) plays a crucial role in nucleic acid metabolism as it pertains to DNA replication and repair.  Most noted for its activation of subunits of DNA polymerase, it has also been found to interact with cell-cycl...    Read more.
The application of CD31/Pecam-1 (MEC 7.46) in breast cancer research
CD31/PECAM-1, or platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule 1, is a 130-kDa glycoprotein expressed on vascular and hematopoietic cells.  Depending on the cell type, CD31/PECAM-1 expression can be largely localized to cell junctions, playing a rol...    Read more.
The role of HIF-2 alpha in the progression and therapy of clear cell renal cell carcinoma
HIF-2 alpha, also known as hypoxia-inducible factor 2, endothelial PAS domain protein-1, and member of PAS superfamily 2 is part of the HIF family of proteins.  The HIF family is composed of HIF-1, HIF-2 and HIF-3, where HIF-2 is a dimeric protein ...    Read more.
HIF-1 Beta Antibody Studies and Developments in Hypoxia Research
We at Novus Biologicals have a large HIF-1 (Hypoxia Inducible Factor-1) antibody catalog, with twenty HIF-1 beta antibody products specifically targeted to the beta subunit of HIF-1, a heterodimer which is known to contribute to many human diseases ar...    Read more.
The Role of the MMP2 Antibody in Colorectal Cancer Research
The enzymes of the Matrix Metalloproteinase (MMP) family assist in the degradation of the extracellular matrix, under both normal and pathological conditions. MMP antibodies have identified roles in a number of physiological processes, such as embryon...    Read more.
Controlling the HIF-1 Switch
Hypoxia-inducible factor-1 is a major transcription factor composed of two subunits: HIF-1alpha and HIF-1 beta. Under normoxic conditions, HIF-1 alpha is targeted to proteosomal degradation via ubiquitination. On the other hand during hypoxic conditio...    Read more.
VEGF Receptors, Angiogenesis and Cancer
Vascular endothelial growth factor receptors 1 and 2 (VEGFR1 and VEGFR2) are related family members of the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) family of membrane receptor tyrosine kinases. They are key regulators of physiological angiogenesis du...    Read more.
LOX: A prime enzyme
LOX is a copper-dependent amine oxidase enzyme that executes post-translational oxidative deamination on peptidyl lysine residues in precursors of fibrous collagen and elastin. LOX is secreted into the extracellular environment in an inactive form, wh...    Read more.
LYVE1 - It's Alive! It's a LYVE
LYVE1 (lymphatic vessel endothelial hyaluronan receptor-1) is one of the most specific and widely used mammalian lymphatic endothelial markers.It is found in lymph nodes and at the luminal/abluminal surfaces of lymphatic vessels. It is a single-pass t...    Read more.
Getting Physical: Link between Lipid Metabolism and Hypoxia Target Genes
By Jamshed Arslan Pharm.D. von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) disease is associated with tumors arising in multiple organs. Activation of hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-alpha underlies the VHL disease pathogenesis. In normoxia...    Read more.
Chemotherapy-induced metastasis: An unexpected foe?
By Yoskaly Lazo-Fernandez, PhD IntroductionEvidence has accumulated recently indicating that common cancer therapies might stimulate metastasis in a significant number of cancer patients1. In fact, neoadjuvant che...    Read more.
mTOR Signaling and the Tumor Microenvironment
By Yoskaly Lazo-Fernandez, PhD The mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) is a conserved serine/threonine kinase that, as a member of two distinct intracellular protein complexes, mTORC1 and mTORC2, regulates protein ...    Read more.
Neurovascular signaling for repair enhances brain metastasis
By Jamshed Arslan, Pharm. D., PhD. Stroke    is a leading cause of mortality and morbidity worldwide. Cellular players – neurons, astrocytes, endothelial and stromal cells – involved in post-stroke repair t...    Read more.
Detecting HIF alpha and beyond: Best controls for hypoxia Western blot analysis
By Rosa Moreno, PhD. Detecting HIF alpha and beyond: Best controls for hypoxia Western blot analysisPhysiological low levels of oxygen induce normal hypoxic events across biological systems. This hypoxic state activ...    Read more.
HIF-1 alpha - sensing and responding to changing oxygen levels
Hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF-1) allows cells to respond to changing levels of oxygen in the environment. HIF-1 is a heterodimeric transcription factor consisting of alpha and beta subunits. Under normal conditions HIF-1 alpha is continuously sy...    Read more.
HIF-1 beta - activating gene transcription in response to hypoxia
Hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF-1) is a heterodimeric transcription factor consisting of alpha and beta subunits. The levels of functional HIF-1 in the cell depends on the level of oxygen allowing cells to respond to hypoxic conditions. HIF-1a is a...    Read more.
VEGF: Vascular endothelial growth factor
VEGF is homodimeric, disulfide-linked glycoprotein cytokine that serves as the ligand for FLT1 (VEGFR-1 receptor) and FLK1 (VEGFR-2 receptor) tyrosine kinases. It is a key modulator of physiological angiogenesis, vasculogenesis, and endothelial cell g...    Read more.
Understanding ‘Y’ in Breast Cancer: Crucial Role of DNA/RNA-binding Protein YB-1 in the Development, Pre-Invasive, and Metastatic Phases
Jamshed Arslan, Pharm D, PhD In the United States, 1 in 8 women will be diagnosed with breast cancer in her lifetime.1 Despite the prevalence, cancer genesis is a mystery. The heterogeneity of cancers makes it diff...    Read more.
Integrin alpha v beta 3 - a target for inhibiting tumor angiogenesis
Integrins are a family of transmembrane proteins involved in diverse processes including cell adhesion, signal transduction, cell migration, and differentiation. They exist as heterodimers consisting of noncovalently linked alpha and beta subunits....    Read more.
Unlocking the Potential of Biosimilars in Immuno-Oncology
By Jennifer Jones, M.S.Biosimilar Antibodies: Imitation Meets InnovationIn the ever-evolving medical landscape, a new class of pharmaceuticals is emerging as a game-changer, poised to transform the way we approach...    Read more.
Read more VEGF related blogs.