EGLN1/PHD2 Antibody [Alexa Fluor® 532]

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Product Details

Summary
Reactivity Hu, Mu, Rt, Pm, Pm-Or, Rb, RMSpecies Glossary
Applications WB, Flow, ICC/IF, IHC, IHC-P, KD
Clonality
Polyclonal
Host
Rabbit
Conjugate
Alexa Fluor 532

EGLN1/PHD2 Antibody [Alexa Fluor® 532] Summary

Immunogen
The epitope recognized by this EGLN1/PHD2 antibody maps to a region between residues 1 and 50 of human PHD2/HIF Prolyl Hydroxylase 2 using the numbering given in entry NP_071334.1 (GeneID 54583).
Localization
Cytoplasm, nucleus
Predicted Species
Rhesus Macaque (100%), Orangutan (100%), Rabbit (100%). Backed by our 100% Guarantee.
Isotype
IgG
Clonality
Polyclonal
Host
Rabbit
Gene
EGLN1
Purity
Immunogen affinity purified
Innovator's Reward
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Applications/Dilutions

Dilutions
  • Western Blot
  • Flow Cytometry
  • Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin
  • Knockdown Validated
Application Notes
Optimal dilution of this antibody should be experimentally determined.

Reactivity Notes

Results for use of this EGLN1/PHD2 antibody have been mixed in Rat with success in Western blot analysis and immunofluorescence on Rat endothelial cells and negative results with PC12 cells. Mouse reactivity reported in scientific literature (PMID: 25578858). Rat reactivity reported in scientific literature (PMID: 25635047). Primate reactivity reported in scientific literature (PMID: 25974097)

Packaging, Storage & Formulations

Storage
Store at 4C in the dark.
Buffer
50mM Sodium Borate
Preservative
0.05% Sodium Azide
Purity
Immunogen affinity purified

Notes



Alexa Fluor (R) products are provided under an intellectual property license from Life Technologies Corporation. The purchase of this product conveys to the buyer the non-transferable right to use the purchased product and components of the product only in research conducted by the buyer (whether the buyer is an academic or for-profit entity). The sale of this product is expressly conditioned on the buyer not using the product or its components, or any materials made using the product or its components, in any activity to generate revenue, which may include, but is not limited to use of the product or its components: (i) in manufacturing; (ii) to provide a service, information, or data in return for payment; (iii) for therapeutic, diagnostic or prophylactic purposes; or (iv) for resale, regardless of whether they are resold for use in research. For information on purchasing a license to this product for purposes other than as described above, contact Life Technologies Corporation, 5791 Van Allen Way, Carlsbad, CA 92008 USA or outlicensing@lifetech.com. This conjugate is made on demand. Actual recovery may vary from the stated volume of this product. The volume will be greater than or equal to the unit size stated on the datasheet.

Alternate Names for EGLN1/PHD2 Antibody [Alexa Fluor® 532]

  • C1orf12
  • EC 1.14.11.29
  • EC:1.14.11.291
  • ECYT3
  • egl nine homolog 1
  • egl nine-like protein 1
  • EGLN1
  • HALAH
  • HIF prolyl hydroxylase 2
  • HIFPH2
  • HIF-PH2
  • HIF-prolyl hydroxylase 2
  • HPH2
  • HPH-2
  • Hypoxia-inducible factor prolyl hydroxylase 2
  • PHD2
  • PNAS-118
  • PNAS-137
  • Prolyl hydroxylase domain-containing protein 2
  • SM20
  • SM-20
  • zinc finger MYND domain-containing protein 6
  • ZMYND6

Background

PHD2 (Prolyl Hydroxylase Domain-containing protein 2) belongs to the Prolyl-4-hydroxylase domain (PHD) family of proteins and is encoded by the Egl-9 Family Hypoxia Inducible Factor 1 (EGLN1) gene (1). Human EGLN1/PHD2 is a ubiquitously expressed enzyme that is 426 amino acids (aa) long with a theoretical molecular weight of ~46 kDa. Structurally PHD2 contains a nuclear export signal (NES, aa 6-20), an N-terminal MYND zinc finger domain (aa 21-58), and a C-terminal catalytic domain (aa 291-392) (2, 3). Functionally, PHD2 serves as an oxygen sensor and is responsible for post-translational modification of Hypoxia-inducible factor alpha (HIF-1alpha), a component of a transcriptional complex involved in oxygen homeostasis (1-3). During normoxia, PHD2 is responsible for oxygen-dependent hydroxylation of HIF-1alpha proline residue 402, 564, or both (3). The hydroxylation event promotes the binding of von Hippel-Lindau protein (VHL) and targets HIF1-alpha for ubiquitination and degradation (4, 5).

EGLN1/PHD2 has been implicated in several critical processes including erythropoiesis, angiogenesis, and metabolism as well as various pathologies such as cancer (2, 5, 6). Studies in mice have found that somatic deletion of PHD2 resulted in higher vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGF-A) levels, increased blood vessel formation, and more erythropoietin (EPO), leading to severe polycythemia or erythrocytosis (high red blood cell (RBC) volume) (6). Another study revealed that specific point mutations in EGLN1/PHD2 led to elevated EPO and RBC mass associated with hemorrhages and strokes (6). Accordingly, given the known role of PHD2 in inhibition of EPO production, PHD2 inhibitors are being studied as a potential therapeutic for anemia (6). Additionally, dysregulation in EGLN1, and specifically the PHD2-VHL-HIF-1alpha pathway, has been associated with the development of pheochromocytomas (PCC) and sympathetic paragangliomas (PGL), which are rare neuroendocrine tumors (2). Besides pathological features, EGLN1/PHD2 may also be important for high altitude adaptation as two coding sequence variants in PHD2 are prevalent in the Tibetan population but is very rare in people at lower altitudes (2).

Alternate names for EGLN1/PHD2 include HIF Prolyl Hydroxylase 2, PH2, Prolyl hydroxylase domain containing protein 2, HIF2PH2, HIF-Prolyl hydroxylase 2, egl nine homolog 1, and C1orf12.

References

1. Amorim-Pires, D., Peixoto, J., & Lima, J. (2016). Hypoxia Pathway Mutations in Pheochromocytomas and Paragangliomas. Cytogenetic and genome research. https://doi.org/10.1159/000457479

2. Gardie, B., Percy, M. J., Hoogewijs, D., Chowdhury, R., Bento, C., Arsenault, P. R., Richard, S., Almeida, H., Ewing, J., Lambert, F., McMullin, M. F., Schofield, C. J., & Lee, F. S. (2014). The role of PHD2 mutations in the pathogenesis of erythrocytosis. Hypoxia (Auckland, N.Z.). https://doi.org/10.2147/HP.S54455

3. Minervini, G., Quaglia, F., & Tosatto, S. C. (2015). Insights into the proline hydroxylase (PHD) family, molecular evolution and its impact on human health. Biochimie. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biochi.2015.07.009

4. Semenza G. L. (2007). Hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF-1) pathway. Science's STKE : signal transduction knowledge environment. https://doi.org/10.1126/stke.4072007cm8

5. Chan, D. A., & Giaccia, A. J. (2010). PHD2 in tumour angiogenesis. British journal of cancer. https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.bjc.6605682

6. Meneses, A. M., & Wielockx, B. (2016). PHD2: from hypoxia regulation to disease progression. Hypoxia (Auckland, N.Z.). https://doi.org/10.2147/HP.S53576

Limitations

This product is for research use only and is not approved for use in humans or in clinical diagnosis. Primary Antibodies are guaranteed for 1 year from date of receipt.

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WB Video Protocol
ICC/IF Video Protocol

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Secondary Antibodies

 

Isotype Controls

Other Available Formats

Alexa Fluor 405 NB100-137AF405
Alexa Fluor 488 NB100-137AF488
Alexa Fluor 532 NB100-137AF532
Alexa Fluor 647 NB100-137AF647
Alexa Fluor 700 NB100-137AF700
Biotin NB100-137B
DyLight 350 NB100-137UV
DyLight 405 NB100-137V
DyLight 488 NB100-137G
DyLight 550 NB100-137R
DyLight 594 NB100-137DL594
DyLight 650 NB100-137C
DyLight 680 NB100-137FR
DyLight 755 NB100-137IR
FITC NB100-137F
HRP NB100-137H
Janelia Fluor 549 NB100-137JF549
Janelia Fluor 646 NB100-137JF646
PE NB100-137PE

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Bioinformatics

Gene Symbol EGLN1