CD8 Antibody (AP-MAB0708)

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Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: CD8 alpha Antibody (AP-MAB0708) [NBP2-12183] - IHC-P validation of CD8 alpha antibody (clone AP-MAB0708) on a formalin fixed paraffin embedded skin specimens from chemical induced mouse ...read more

Product Details

Summary
Product Discontinued
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Order Details


    • Catalog Number
      NBP2-12183
    • Availability
      Product Discontinued

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CD8 Antibody (AP-MAB0708) Summary

Immunogen
CD8 Antibody (AP-MAB0708) was developed against a hybridoma (mouse myeloma) fused with spleen cells from a rat immunized with mouse Thymus/Spleen Tissues.
Isotype
IgG2b
Clonality
Monoclonal
Host
Rat
Gene
CD8A
Purity
Protein G purified
Innovator's Reward
Test in a species/application not listed above to receive a full credit towards a future purchase.

Applications/Dilutions

Dilutions
  • Flow Cytometry 1:100-1000
  • Immunohistochemistry 1:100-300
  • Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin 1:100-300
  • CyTOF-ready
Application Notes
IHC-P: Antigen retrieval with proteinase K is recommended. This antibody is CyTOF ready.
Theoretical MW
27 kDa.
Disclaimer note: The observed molecular weight of the protein may vary from the listed predicted molecular weight due to post translational modifications, post translation cleavages, relative charges, and other experimental factors.
Publications
Read Publications using
NBP2-12183 in the following applications:

  • IHC
    2 publications

Packaging, Storage & Formulations

Storage
Store at -20C. Avoid freeze-thaw cycles.
Buffer
A 0.2 um filtered solution in PBS
Preservative
No Preservative
Purity
Protein G purified
Reconstitution Instructions
Please note the larger size(s) come in lyophilized form and the sample size will be in liquid formate. Reconstitute with 0.4 ml sterilized PBS to a final concentration of 0.5 mg/ml.

Alternate Names for CD8 Antibody (AP-MAB0708)

  • CD_antigen: CD8a
  • CD8 antigen, alpha polypeptide (p32)
  • CD8
  • CD8a molecule
  • CD8A
  • Leu2 T-lymphocyte antigen
  • LEU2
  • MAL
  • OKT8 T-cell antigen
  • p32
  • T cell co-receptor
  • T8 T-cell antigen
  • T-cell antigen Leu2
  • T-cell surface glycoprotein CD8 alpha chain
  • T-lymphocyte differentiation antigen T8/Leu-2

Background

CD8, also known as Leu-2 or T8 in human and Lyt2 or Lyt3 in mouse, is a cell surface glycoprotein belonging to the immunoglobulin supergene family (1, 2). CD8 is expressed on cytotoxic T-lymphocytes (T-cells), most thymocytes, between 35-45% of peripheral blood lymphocytes, and a population of natural killer (NK) cells (1, 2). The CD8 molecule consists of disulfide-linked alpha (alpha) and beta (beta) chains that present on T-cells as either CD8alphaalpha homodimers or CD8alphabeta heterodimers (1, 3). Both alpha and beta chains consist of a signaling sequence, an extracellular Ig-like domain, a membrane proximal stalk region, a transmembrane domain, and a cytoplasmic tail (3). Human CD8alpha is processed as 235 amino acids (aa) in length with a theoretical molecular weight of ~26 kDa, while mouse CD8alpha is 247 aa and has a theoretical molecular weight of 27.5 kDa (4, 5). Functionally, CD8 acts as an antigen coreceptor on cytotoxic T-cells and interacts with the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I molecules on antigen presenting cells (APCs), mediating cell-cell interactions within the immune system. Conversely, CD4 molecules interact with antigens presented on MHC class II molecules and are activated to become helper T-cells (TH) (1,2). Interestingly, thymocytes can transiently express both CD4 and CD8 during the maturation process (2). Furthermore, the cytoplasmic tail of CD8 has a Lck (lymphocyte-specific protein tyrosine kinase) binding domain where Lck interacts with CD8, initiating a phosphorylation cascade that activates transcription factors and promotes T-cell activation (6). More specifically, CD8alphabeta functions as a T-cell co-receptor, while CD8alphaalpha promotes T-cell survival and differentiation (7).

Given its role in the immune system, CD8-deficiency in T-cells is a hallmark of many diseases and pathologies (8-10). Specifically, CD8+ T-cell deficiency is prevalent in chronic autoimmune diseases including multiple sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis, ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease, type 1 diabetes mellitus, and Graves' disease (8). Furthermore, cancers or chronic infection can lead to CD8 T-cell exhaustion as the continual antigen presentation and inflammatory signals eventually cause the CD8+ T-cells to lose functionality (9, 10). However, animal models and clinical studies have suggested that T-cells are capable of being reinvigorated using inhibitory receptor blockade resulting in better disease outcomes and these exhausted T-cells may be a potential therapeutic target (9, 10).

Alternative names for CD8 includes CD antigen: CD8a, CD8 antigen, alpha polypeptide (p32), CD8a molecule, CD8A, Leu2 T-lymphocyte antigen, LEU2, MAL, OKT8 T-cell antigen, p32, T cell co-receptor, T8 T-cell antigen, T-cell antigen Leu2, T-cell surface glycoprotein CD8 alpha chain, and T-lymphocyte differentiation antigen T8/Leu-2.

References

1. Littman D. R. (1987). The structure of the CD4 and CD8 genes. Annual review of immunology. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.iy.05.040187.003021

2. Naeim F. (2008). Chapter 2- Principles of Immunophenotyping. Hematopathology. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-370607-2.00002-8.

3. Gao, G. F., & Jakobsen, B. K. (2000). Molecular interactions of coreceptor CD8 and MHC class I: the molecular basis for functional coordination with the T-cell receptor. Immunology today. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0167-5699(00)01750-3

4. UniProt (P01732)

5. UniProt (P01731)

6. Kappes D. J. (2007). CD4 and CD8: hogging all the Lck. Immunity. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.immuni.2007.11.002

7. Gangadharan, D., & Cheroutre, H. (2004). The CD8 isoform CD8alphaalpha is not a functional homologue of the TCR co-receptor CD8alphabeta. Current opinion in immunology. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.coi.2004.03.015

8. Pender M. P. (2012). CD8+ T-Cell Deficiency, Epstein-Barr Virus Infection, Vitamin D Deficiency, and Steps to Autoimmunity: A Unifying Hypothesis. Autoimmune diseases. https://doi.org/10.1155/2012/189096

9. Kurachi M. (2019). CD8+ T cell exhaustion. Seminars in immunopathology. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00281-019-00744-5

10. Hashimoto, M., Kamphorst, A. O., Im, S. J., Kissick, H. T., Pillai, R. N., Ramalingam, S. S., Araki, K., & Ahmed, R. (2018). CD8 T Cell Exhaustion in Chronic Infection and Cancer: Opportunities for Interventions. Annual review of medicine. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-med-012017-043208

Limitations

This product is for research use only and is not approved for use in humans or in clinical diagnosis. Primary Antibodies are guaranteed for 1 year from date of receipt.

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Publications for CD8 Antibody (NBP2-12183)(3)

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Product General Protocols

View specific protocols for CD8 Antibody (NBP2-12183): Find general support by application which include: protocols, troubleshooting, illustrated assays, videos and webinars.

FAQs for CD8 Antibody (NBP2-12183). (Showing 1 - 1 of 1 FAQs).

  1. We bought a CD8 alpha antibody (AP-MAB0708), it's lyophilized, and I didn't find any comment how to reconstitute it (with PBS? And how many ul?) Can you help me?
    • For the reconstitution of CD8 antibody # NBP2-12183, one will need to add 400 ul sterile PBS to the vial. The final concentration will then be 500ug/ml. The reconstituted antibody can be aliquoted and stored frozen at -20 C for at least six months without detectable loss of activity.

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Blogs on CD8.

Early T cell response is associated with mild COVID-19 and rapid SARS-CoV-2 clearance
Jamshed Arslan, Pharm D, PhD SARS-CoV-2 induces both humoral and cellular immunity. A vaccine or natural infection invokes SARS-CoV-2-specific humoral components (antibodies from activated B cells) and cellular resp...  Read full blog post.


  Read full blog post.

Success of combined IL-10 and IL-12 therapy in colon cancer depends on IFN-gamma and gut barrier integrity
By Jamshed Arslan, Pharm. D., PhD. Colon cancer is responsible for over 600,000 deaths per year worldwide. Colon cancer can be classified into two categories: mismatch repair (MMR)-deficient and MMR-proficient cancers...  Read full blog post.

mTOR Signaling and the Tumor Microenvironment
By Yoskaly Lazo-Fernandez, PhD The mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) is a conserved serine/threonine kinase that, as a member of two distinct intracellular protein complexes, mTORC1 and mTORC2, regulates protein...  Read full blog post.

The role of MHC Class II RT1B and immune response post brain injury
The major histocompatibility complex (MHC) is responsible for binding peptide fragments arising from pathogens in order to display them on the cell surface for recognition from immune cells.  Once recognized, the foreign pathogen is typically evade...  Read full blog post.

Topics in CD11b: The innate immune response
Integrins are transmembrane receptors composed of alpha and beta chains, where beta-integrins are mainly expressed in leukocytes. Leukocytes are white blood cells that act in the immune system to defend our body against foreign pathogens.  Integrin...  Read full blog post.

CD20 (Cluster of differentiation 20, Membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A member 1 (MS4A1), CVID5, B-lymphocyte surface antigen B1)
CD20 is a human B-lymphocyte surface molecule that spans the membrane four times and is expressed on both normal and malignant cells. The CD20 antigen displays a unique expression pattern among hematopoietic cells - it is present on human pre B-ly...  Read full blog post.

CD8 alpha - Marker for cytotoxic T lymphocytes
The T-cell co-receptor CD8 is a cell-surface glycoprotein that bridges the lipid bilayer by interacting externally with ligands, such as major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I, as well as internally with signaling molecules such as tyrosine ki...  Read full blog post.

The CD4 Antibody: More than Just a Cellular Marker
CD4 is a member of the cluster of differentiation family of proteins, mainly expressed on the surface of thymocytes and a specific subset of mature T-cells. CD4 antibody studies have also shown it expressed on monocytes, cortical cells, microglial cel...  Read full blog post.

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Bioinformatics

Gene Symbol CD8A
Uniprot