|Success of combined IL-10 and IL-12 therapy in colon cancer depends on IFN-gamma and gut barrier integrity
By Jamshed Arslan, Pharm. D., PhD. Colon cancer is responsible for over 600,000 deaths per year worldwide. Colon cancer can be classified into two categories: mismatch repair (MMR)-deficient and MMR-proficient cancers... Read more.
|mTOR Signaling and the Tumor Microenvironment
By Yoskaly Lazo-Fernandez, PhD The mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) is a conserved serine/threonine kinase that, as a member of two distinct intracellular protein complexes, mTORC1 and mTORC2, regulates protein... Read more.
|The role of MHC Class II RT1B and immune response post brain injury
The major histocompatibility complex (MHC) is responsible for binding peptide fragments arising from pathogens in order to display them on the cell surface for recognition from immune cells. Once recognized, the foreign pathogen is typically evade... Read more.
|Topics in CD11b: The innate immune response
Integrins are transmembrane receptors composed of alpha and beta chains, where beta-integrins are mainly expressed in leukocytes. Leukocytes are white blood cells that act in the immune system to defend our body against foreign pathogens. Integrin... Read more.
|CD20 (Cluster of differentiation 20, Membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A member 1 (MS4A1), CVID5, B-lymphocyte surface antigen B1)
CD20 is a human B-lymphocyte surface molecule that spans the membrane four times and is expressed on both normal and malignant cells. The CD20 antigen displays a unique expression pattern among hematopoietic cells - it is present on human pre B-ly... Read more.
|CD8 alpha - Marker for cytotoxic T lymphocytes
The T-cell co-receptor CD8 is a cell-surface glycoprotein that bridges the lipid bilayer by interacting externally with ligands, such as major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I, as well as internally with signaling molecules such as tyrosine ki... Read more.
|The CD4 Antibody: More than Just a Cellular Marker
CD4 is a member of the cluster of differentiation family of proteins, mainly expressed on the surface of thymocytes and a specific subset of mature T-cells. CD4 antibody studies have also shown it expressed on monocytes, cortical cells, microglial cel... Read more.