Immunocytochemistry/ Immunofluorescence: CD68/SR-D1 Antibody (FA-11) [NBP2-33337] - Wehi-3 cells were fixed for 10 minutes using 10% formalin and then permeabilized for 5 minutes using 1X TBS + 0.5% Triton X-100. The ...read more
Flow (Intracellular): CD68/SR-D1 Antibody (FA-11) [NBP2-33337] - An intracellular stain was performed on Raw 246.7 cells with CD68/SR-D1 (FA-11) antibody NBP2-33337 (blue) and a matched isotype control MAB006 (orange). ...read more
Western Blot: CD68/SR-D1 Antibody (FA-11) [NBP2-33337] - Expression on J774 cells.
Flow Cytometry: CD68/SR-D1 Antibody (FA-11) [NBP2-33337] - An intracellular stain was performed on Raw264.7 cells with CD68/SR-D1 Antibody (FA-11) NBP2-33337B (blue) and a matched isotype control (orange). Both ...read more
Flow Cytometry: CD68/SR-D1 Antibody (FA-11) [NBP2-33337] - Staining of permeabilised Mouse peritoneal Macrophages cells with Rat anti Mouse CD68 Antibody (Clone FA-11) visualised with F(ab')2 Goat Anti Rat IgG:FITC ...read more
Use in IHC, ICC/IF reported in scientific literature (PMID:34478932). Use in functional reported in scientific literature (PMID: 11085350). . For Flow Cytometry: Use 10 ul of suggested dilution to label 10^6 cells in 100 ul. IHC requires antigen retrieval using heat treatment prior to staining of paraffin sections. Sodium citrate buffer pH 6.0 is recommended for this purpose.
Read Publications using NBP2-33337 in the following applications:
Store at 4C short term. Aliquot and store at -20C long term. Avoid freeze-thaw cycles.
0.02% Sodium Azide
Protein G purified
Alternate Names for CD68/SR-D1 Antibody (FA-11)
macrophage antigen CD68
scavenger receptor class D, member 1
Human CD68, also known as GP110, LAMP4, Scavenger Receptor D1 (SR-D1) or macrosialin in mouse, encodes a 110-kD transmembrane glycoprotein that belongs to the lysosomal/endosomal-associated membrane glycoprotein (LAMP) family. Members of the LAMP family include LAMP-1, LAMP-2, dendritic cell (DC)-LAMP (aka CD208), and brain and dendritic cell-associated (BAD)-LAMP (aka LAMP-5). Unlike the two LAMP domains facing the lysosomal lumen in LAMP-1 and LAMP-2, CD68 has a single LAMP domain containing four cystines spaced 36-37 residues apart along with an N-terminal Mucin-like domain. The 354 amino acid (a.a.) human CD68 and 326 a.a. murine ortholog share 80.6% a.a. sequence identity (1).
CD68 is highly expressed in cells of the mononuclear phagocyte system such as macrophages, microglia, osteoclasts, and myeloid dendritic cells (DCs); and is expressed to a lesser extent in lymphoid cells (CD19+ B lymphocytes and CD4+ T lymphocytes), human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), fibroblasts, endothelial cells, multiple non-hematopoietic cancer cell lines, and human arterial intimal smooth muscle cells (SMCs). Expression has been also observed in diseased states for granulocytes and neutrophils, in particular basophils from myeloproliferative disorders and intestinal neutrophils from inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), respectively (1).
Although the function of CD68 has yet to be established, it has often been used as an immunohistochemistry (IHC) marker of inflammation and for granular cell tumors (GCTs). CD68+ tumor associated macrophages (TAMs) has been suggested to be a predictive marker for poor cancer prognosis, but a meta-analysis showed the presence of CD68 is not correlated with survival (2). In addition, a role in hepatic malaria infection has been reported based on the finding that peptide P39 binds CD68, considered a receptor for malaria sporozoite, and inhibits parasite entry into Kupffer cells. CD68 was deemed a member of the Scavenger receptor family due to its upregulation in macrophages following inflammatory stimuli, ability to bind modified LDL, phosphatidylserine, and apoptotic cells, as well as shuttling between the plasma membrane and endosomes. CD68 has been linked to atherogenesis based on binding and internalization of its ligand, oxLDL (1).
1. Chistiakov, DA, Killingsworth, MC, Myasoedova, VA. Orekhov AN, Bobryshev YV. (2017) CD68/macrosialin: not just a histochemical marker. Lab Invest. 97:4-13. PMID: 27869795
2. Troiano G, Caponio VCA, Adipietro I, Tepedino M, Santoro R, Laino L, Lo Russo L, Cirillo N, Lo Muzio L. (2019) Prognostic significance of CD68+ and CD163+ tumor associated macrophages in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Oral Oncol. 93:66-75. PMID: 31109698.
This product is for research use only and is not approved for use in humans or in clinical diagnosis. Primary Antibodies are guaranteed for 1 year from date of receipt.
Feng L, Wang Q, Li Y et al. Ablation of Hypoxia-induced mitogenic factor promotes cardiac repair after myocardial infarction by downregulating matrix metalloproteinase-9 expression in macrophage Research Square Sep 15 2021 (IHC-P, Mouse)
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