CD163 Antibody (5C6-FAT) [Alexa Fluor® 405]

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Product Details

Summary
Reactivity HuSpecies Glossary
Applications WB, ELISA, ICC/IF, IHC, IHC-Fr, IHC-P
Clone
5C6-FAT
Clonality
Monoclonal
Host
Mouse
Conjugate
Alexa Fluor 405

CD163 Antibody (5C6-FAT) [Alexa Fluor® 405] Summary

Immunogen
Human CD163.
Localization
Soluble CD163: Secreted. Cell membrane; Single-pass type I membrane protein. Note: Isoform 1 and isoform 2 show a lower surface expression when expressed in cells.
Marker
Histiocytic Marker
Specificity
Human: monocytes and macrophages. Other: not tested.
Isotype
IgG1
Clonality
Monoclonal
Host
Mouse
Gene
CD163
Purity
Protein A or G purified
Innovator's Reward
Test in a species/application not listed above to receive a full credit towards a future purchase.

Applications/Dilutions

Dilutions
  • Western Blot
  • ELISA
  • Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Immunohistochemistry-Frozen
  • Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin
Application Notes
Optimal dilution of this antibody should be experimentally determined.

Packaging, Storage & Formulations

Storage
Store at 4C in the dark.
Buffer
50mM Sodium Borate
Preservative
0.05% Sodium Azide
Purity
Protein A or G purified

Notes

Alexa Fluor (R) products are provided under an intellectual property license from Life Technologies Corporation. The purchase of this product conveys to the buyer the non-transferable right to use the purchased product and components of the product only in research conducted by the buyer (whether the buyer is an academic or for-profit entity). The sale of this product is expressly conditioned on the buyer not using the product or its components, or any materials made using the product or its components, in any activity to generate revenue, which may include, but is not limited to use of the product or its components: (i) in manufacturing; (ii) to provide a service, information, or data in return for payment; (iii) for therapeutic, diagnostic or prophylactic purposes; or (iv) for resale, regardless of whether they are resold for use in research. For information on purchasing a license to this product for purposes other than as described above, contact Life Technologies Corporation, 5791 Van Allen Way, Carlsbad, CA 92008 USA or outlicensing@lifetech.com. This conjugate is made on demand. Actual recovery may vary from the stated volume of this product. The volume will be greater than or equal to the unit size stated on the datasheet.

Alternate Names for CD163 Antibody (5C6-FAT) [Alexa Fluor® 405]

  • CD_antigen: CD163
  • CD163 molecule
  • CD163
  • GHI/61
  • HbSR
  • Hemoglobin scavenger receptor
  • M130
  • macrophage-associated antigen
  • MM130
  • RM3/1
  • SCARI1
  • scavenger receptor cysteine-rich type 1 protein M130
  • sCD163
  • Soluble CD163

Background

CD163 (Cluster of Differentiation 163), also known by several other names including M130, p155, RM3/1, Ki-M8, Ber-MAC3, SM4, and GHI/61, is a type I transmembrane glycoprotein that is a member of the scavenger receptor cysteine-rich (SRCR) super family class B (1-3). CD163 is expressed specifically on the monocyte/macrophage lineage and has a theoretical molecular weight of 130-160 kDa in reducing conditions and 110 kDa in non-reducing conditions (2 - 6). CD163 is synthesized as 1076 amino acid (aa) protein consisting of a large extracellular domain (ECD) with nine SRCR domains, proline-serine-threonine rich (PST) linker domain, a transmembrane segment, and a cytoplasmic tail which has varying lengths depending on the isoform due to alternative splicing, with the short 49 aa form being the most common (1-3, 6).

One of the primary functions of CD163 is uptake of haptoglobin-hemoglobin (Hp-Hb) complexes from the liver, spleen, and bone marrow, ultimately triggering an anti-inflammatory response (3, 5, 7). CD163 also functions as an erythroblast adhesion receptor and promotes cell maturation and survival (3, 5, 7). Furthermore, CD163 functions in immune sensing of bacteria and as a receptor for tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-like weak inducer of apoptosis (TWEAK) (3, 5, 7). As mentioned above, CD163 is expressed on cells in the monocyte/macrophage lineage and, in general, anti-inflammatory signals including glucocorticoids, interleukin (IL)-6, and IL-10 stimulate CD163 synthesis and expression while, conversely, pro-inflammatory signals such as interferon-gamma (INF-gamma), TNF-alpha, and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) downregulate CD163 (3, 5). In addition to membrane-bound form of CD163, the protein can be cleaved by metalloproteinases (MMP) and induced by LPS or phorbol myristate acetate (PMA) to release a soluble form (sCD163) into the plasma (7). Increased levels of sCD163 in the plasma and an increased number of CD163-expressing macrophages at the site of inflammation are associated with a variety of pathologies (3, 5-7). CD163/sCD163 is often increased and a suitable clinical marker for inflammatory diseases including rheumatoid arthritis (RA), Gaucher disease, chronic kidney disease, diabetes, and Crohn's disease (3, 5-7).

Alternative names for CD163 includes GHI/61, HbSR, Hemoglobin scavenger receptor, M130, macrophage-associated antigen, MM130, RM3/1, SCARI1, scavenger receptor cysteine-rich type 1 protein M130, sCD163, and soluble CD163.

References

1. Law, S. K., Micklem, K. J., Shaw, J. M., Zhang, X. P., Dong, Y., Willis, A. C., & Mason, D. Y. (1993). A new macrophage differentiation antigen which is a member of the scavenger receptor superfamily. European journal of immunology. https://doi.org/10.1002/eji.1830230940

2. Onofre, G., Kolackova, M., Jankovicova, K., & Krejsek, J. (2009). Scavenger receptor CD163 and its biological functions. Acta medica (Hradec Kralove).

3. Van Gorp, H., Delputte, P. L., & Nauwynck, H. J. (2010). Scavenger receptor CD163, a Jack-of-all-trades and potential target for cell-directed therapy. Molecular immunology. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.molimm.2010.02.008

4. Sulahian, T. H., Hogger, P., Wahner, A. E., Wardwell, K., Goulding, N. J., Sorg, C., Droste, A., Stehling, M., Wallace, P. K., Morganelli, P. M., & Guyre, P. M. (2000). Human monocytes express CD163, which is upregulated by IL-10 and identical to p155. Cytokine. https://doi.org/10.1006/cyto.2000.0720

5. Etzerodt, A., & Moestrup, S. K. (2013). CD163 and inflammation: biological, diagnostic, and therapeutic aspects. Antioxidants & redox signaling. https://doi.org/10.1089/ars.2012.4834

6. Skytthe, M. K., Graversen, J. H., & Moestrup, S. K. (2020). Targeting of CD163+ Macrophages in Inflammatory and Malignant Diseases. International journal of molecular sciences, 21(15), 5497. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms21155497

7. Moller H. J. (2012). Soluble CD163. Scandinavian journal of clinical and laboratory investigation. https://doi.org/10.3109/00365513.2011.626868

Limitations

This product is for research use only and is not approved for use in humans or in clinical diagnosis. Primary Antibodies are guaranteed for 1 year from date of receipt.

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Product General Protocols

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Video Protocols

WB Video Protocol
ICC/IF Video Protocol

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Secondary Antibodies

 

Isotype Controls

Other Available Formats

Alexa Fluor 350 BM4041AF350
Alexa Fluor 405 BM4041AF405
Alexa Fluor 488 BM4041AF488
Alexa Fluor 532 BM4041AF532
Alexa Fluor 594 BM4041AF594
Alexa Fluor 647 BM4041AF647
Alexa Fluor 700 BM4041AF700
Alexa Fluor 750 BM4041AF750
Allophycocyanin/Cy7 BM4041APCCY7
DyLight 350 BM4041UV
DyLight 405 BM4041V
DyLight 488 BM4041G
DyLight 550 BM4041R
DyLight 594 BM4041DL594
DyLight 650 BM4041C
DyLight 680 BM4041FR
DyLight 755 BM4041IR
HRP BM4041H
Janelia Fluor 549 BM4041JF549
Janelia Fluor 646 BM4041JF646
PE/Atto594 BM4041PEATT594
PE/Cy5.5 BM4041PECY55
PE/Cy7 BM4041PECY7

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Bioinformatics

Gene Symbol CD163