Tyrosine Hydroxylase Antibody (5C7.2E8)

Images

 
Immunohistochemistry: Tyrosine Hydroxylase Antibody (5C7.2E8) [NBP2-42211] - Immunohistochemical analysis of a FFPE tissue section of human brain/substantia nigra using Tyrosine Hydroxylase antibody (clone 5C7.2E8) at ...read more
Western Blot: Tyrosine Hydroxylase Antibody (5C7.2E8) [NBP2-42211] - Western blot analysis of a partial recombinant human Tyrosine Hydroxylase protein and a lysate of HEK293 cells using 3 ug/mL of Tyrosine Hydroxylase ...read more
Immunocytochemistry/ Immunofluorescence: Tyrosine Hydroxylase Antibody (5C7.2E8) [NBP2-42211] - PC-12 cells were fixed for 10 minutes using 10% formalin and then permeabilized for 5 minutes using 1X TBS + 0.5% Triton ...read more

Product Details

Summary
Product Discontinued
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Order Details


    • Catalog Number
      NBP2-42211
    • Availability
      Product Discontinued

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Tyrosine Hydroxylase Antibody (5C7.2E8) Summary

Immunogen
This Tyrosine Hydroxylase Antibody (5C7.2E8) is made against a partial recombinant human Tyrosine Hydroxylase protein made to a C-terminal sequence (between amino acids 300-528) [Uniprot: P07101].
Localization
Cytoplasm, Membrane, Nucleus
Marker
Neuronal Marker
Predicted Species
Porcine (92%), Rabbit (90%), Canine (93%), Chinese Hamster (91%). Backed by our 100% Guarantee.
Isotype
IgG2a Kappa
Clonality
Monoclonal
Host
Mouse
Gene
TH
Purity
Protein G purified
Innovator's Reward
Test in a species/application not listed above to receive a full credit towards a future purchase.

Applications/Dilutions

Dilutions
  • Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence 1:100
  • Immunohistochemistry 5 - 15 ug/mL
  • Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin 5 - 15 ug/mL
  • Western Blot 3 ug/mL
Theoretical MW
60 kDa.
Disclaimer note: The observed molecular weight of the protein may vary from the listed predicted molecular weight due to post translational modifications, post translation cleavages, relative charges, and other experimental factors.
Control
Tyrosine Hydroxylase Overexpression Lysate
Publications
Read Publications using NBP2-42211.

Reactivity Notes

Mouse reactivity reported in scientific literature (PMID: 31586624).

Packaging, Storage & Formulations

Storage
Store at -20C. Avoid freeze-thaw cycles.
Buffer
PBS
Preservative
0.02% Sodium Azide
Concentration
1.0 mg/ml
Purity
Protein G purified

Alternate Names for Tyrosine Hydroxylase Antibody (5C7.2E8)

  • DYT14
  • DYT5b
  • EC 1.14.16
  • EC 1.14.16.2
  • TH
  • TYH dystonia 14
  • TYH
  • Tyrosine 3-hydroxylase
  • tyrosine 3-monooxygenase
  • Tyrosine Hydroxylase

Background

The tetrameric enzyme tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), also designated as tyrosine 3-monooxygenase (TY3H), is the rate-limiting enzyme for catecholamine biosynthesis and has a theoretical molecular weight of 60 kDa. Encoded by the TH gene, TH catalyzes the conversion of the amino acid L-tyrosine to L-3,4- dihydroxyphenylalanine (L-dopa) in the central nervous system and adrenal medulla. The precursor of catecholamines, L-dopa, is converted to dopamine for use in the biosynthesis of neurotransmitters norepinephrine (noradrenaline) and epinephrine (adrenaline) (1) . Dysfunction in the TH gene, and thus the enzymatic activity by TH, dysregulates catecholamine synthesis.

Two transcription factor binding sites in the proximal region of the TH gene, the TPA-responsive element (TRE) and the c-AMP responsive element (CRE), have been implicated in the complex regulation of the TH gene. Dysregulation of breakdown for the amino acid, tyrosine, by TH is a result of a genetic disorder that results in Tyrosinemia (high levels of tyrosine in the blood, tissue and organs).

Tyrosine hydroxylase deficiency is a disorder that primarily affects movement, where individuals display symptoms that include lack of coordination when walking, postural tremors and unusual body positioning. TH deficient dopamine-responsive dystonia (DRD), also known as Segawa syndrome, is a rare genetic disorder that is associated with low levels of TH and is diagnosed during childhood with characteristic symptoms including increased muscle tone (dystonia) and signs of Parkinsonism like bradykinesia, tremors, rigidity and postural instability (2). Correspondingly, TH is also linked to Parkinson's disease in older adults, where low dopamine levels are a consistent neurochemical abnormality. Functional polymorphisms of the TH gene may be involved in the pathogenesis of neuropsychiatric diseases such as schizophrenia and other affective disorders where dopamine is often dysregulated (3).

References

1. Hamanaka, Y., & Mizunami, M. (2019). Tyrosine hydroxylase-immunoreactive neurons in the mushroom body of the field cricket, Gryllus bimaculatus. Cell Tissue Res, 376(1), 97-111. doi:10.1007/s00441-018-2969-9

2. Li, L., & Zhou, F. M. (2013). Parallel dopamine D1 receptor activity dependence of l-Dopa-induced normal movement and dyskinesia in mice. Neuroscience, 236, 66-76. doi:10.1016/j.neuroscience.2012.12.065

3. Borkar, C. D., Bharne, A. P., Nagalakshmi, B., Sakharkar, A. J., Subhedar, N. K., & Kokare, D. M. (2018). Cocaine- and Amphetamine-Regulated Transcript Peptide (CART) Alleviates MK-801-Induced Schizophrenic Dementia-Like Symptoms. Neuroscience, 375, 94-107. doi:10.1016/j.neuroscience.2018.01.056

Limitations

This product is for research use only and is not approved for use in humans or in clinical diagnosis. Primary Antibodies are guaranteed for 1 year from date of receipt.

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Publications for Tyrosine Hydroxylase Antibody (NBP2-42211)(3)

We have publications tested in 1 application: IHC-P.


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(1)
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Product General Protocols

Video Protocols

WB Video Protocol
ICC/IF Video Protocol

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Control Lysate(s)

Secondary Antibodies

 

Isotype Controls

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Bioinformatics Tool for Tyrosine Hydroxylase Antibody (NBP2-42211)

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Research Areas for Tyrosine Hydroxylase Antibody (NBP2-42211)

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Blogs on Tyrosine Hydroxylase.

Successful Transplantation of Friedreich Ataxia Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell (iPSC)-Derived Sensory Neurons in Dorsal Root Ganglia of Adult Rodents
Jamshed Arslan, Pharm D, PhD The dorsal root ganglia (DRG) are a collection of cell bodies of sensory nerves carrying sensory information – including nociception, mechanoreception and proprioception – from periphera...  Read full blog post.

The identification of dopaminergic neurons using Tyrosine Hydroxylase in Parkinson's research and LRRK2
Tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) is a crucial enzyme involved in the biosynthesis of dopamine, norepinephrine and epinephrine in the brain.  Specifically, TH catalyzes the conversion of l-tyrosine to l-dihydroxyphenylalanine (l-dopa).  The importance of t...  Read full blog post.

Tyrosine hydroxylase - a marker for dopaminergic neurons in the central nervous system
Tyrosine hydroxylase is a member of the aromatic amino acid hydroxylase (AAAH) family.  It is expressed throughout the central nervous system (CNS) and catalyzes the conversion of tyrosine to L-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (L-DOPA), which can be, thr...  Read full blog post.

Tyrosine Hydroxylase - rate-limiting enzyme in catecholamine synthesis
Catecholamines are tyrosine-derived hormones that are produced in the adrenal gland. They include epinephrine, norepinephrine, and dopamine and are used as neurotransmitters by the central and peripheral nervous system. The rate limiting enzyme in ...  Read full blog post.

A Big Guy for the Catecholamine Synthesis - Tyrosine hydroxylase (TH)
In the synthesis pathway for the catecholamines - dopamine, epinephrine, and norepinephrine, tyrosine hydroxylase is the rate-limiting enzyme. Through alternative mRNA splicing, a wide molecular diversity of TH isoforms are generated that are tissue-s...  Read full blog post.

Tyrosine Hydroxylase Deficiencies and Neurodegeneration
Tyrosine hydroxylase is the rate-limiting enzyme in the synthesis pathway of the catecholamines dopamine, epinephrine, and norepinephrine. Alternative mRNA splicing generates a wide molecular diversity of TH isoforms that are tissue specific and produ...  Read full blog post.

Tyrosine Hydroxylase Deficiency and Brain Disorders
 Tyrosine hydroxylase catalyzes the rate-limiting step in the biosynthesis of the catecholamines dopamine, norepinephrine, and epinephrine. A hallmark of Parkinson's disease is the loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra. Mutations in cas...  Read full blog post.

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Bioinformatics

Gene Symbol TH
Entrez
Uniprot