Recombinant Rhesus Macaque IFN-gamma Protein

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Product Details

Summary
Reactivity RMSpecies Glossary
Applications Bioactivity

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Recombinant Rhesus Macaque IFN-gamma Protein Summary

Details of Functionality
Measured in anti-viral assays using HeLa human cervical epithelial carcinoma cells infected with encephalomyocarditis (EMC) virus. Meager, A. (1987) in Lymphokines and Interferons, a Practical Approach. Clemens, M.J. et al. (eds): IRL Press. 129. The ED50 for this effect is 10-40 ng/mL.
Source
E. coli-derived rhesus macaque IFN-gamma protein
Gln24-Gln165, with an N-terminal Met
Accession #
N-terminal Sequence
Met
Protein/Peptide Type
Recombinant Proteins
Purity
>97%, by SDS-PAGE under reducing conditions and visualized by silver stain
Endotoxin Note
<0.10 EU per 1 μg of the protein by the LAL method.

Applications/Dilutions

Theoretical MW
16.9 kDa.
Disclaimer note: The observed molecular weight of the protein may vary from the listed predicted molecular weight due to post translational modifications, post translation cleavages, relative charges, and other experimental factors.
Publications
Read Publication using
961-RM in the following applications:

Packaging, Storage & Formulations

Storage
Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
  • 3 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Buffer
Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in Tris with BSA as a carrier protein.
Purity
>97%, by SDS-PAGE under reducing conditions and visualized by silver stain
Reconstitution Instructions
Reconstitute at 25 μg/mL in sterile PBS containing at least 0.1% human or bovine serum albumin.

Notes

This product is produced by and ships from R&D Systems, Inc., a Bio-Techne brand.

Alternate Names for Recombinant Rhesus Macaque IFN-gamma Protein

  • IFG
  • IFI
  • IFNG
  • IFNgamma
  • IFN-gamma
  • Immune interferon
  • interferon gamma
  • interferon, gamma

Background

Interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma ), also known as type II or immune interferon, exerts a wide range of immunoregulatory activities and is considered to be the prototype proinflammatory cytokine (1, 2). Mature rhesus IFN-gamma exists as a noncovalently linked homodimer of 20 - 25 kDa variably glycosylated subunits (3). It shares 90% amino acid sequence identity with human IFN-gamma, 57% - 66% with bovine, canine, equine, feline, and porcine IFN-gamma, and 37% - 44% with cotton rat, mouse, and rat IFN-gamma. IFN-gamma dimers bind to IFN-gamma RI (alpha subunits) which then interact with IFN-gamma RII (beta subunits) to form the functional receptor complex of two alpha and two beta subunits. Inclusion of IFN-gamma RII increases the binding affinity for ligand and the efficiency of signal transduction (4, 5). IFN-gamma is produced by a variety of immune cells under inflammatory conditions, notably by T cells and NK cells (6). It plays a key role in host defense by promoting the development and activation of Th1 cells, chemoattraction and activation of monocytes and macrophages, upregulation of antigen presentation molecules, and immunoglobulin class switching in B cells. It also exhibits antiviral, antiproliferative, and apoptotic effects (6, 7). In addition, IFN-gamma functions as an anti-inflammatory mediator by promoting the development of regulatory T cells and inhibiting Th17 cell differentiation (8, 9). The pleiotropic effects of IFN-gamma contribute to the development of multiple aspects of atherosclerosis (7).
  1. Billiau, A. and P. Matthys (2009) Cytokine Growth Factor Rev. 20:97.
  2. Pestka, S. et al. (2004) Immunol. Rev. 202:8.
  3. Villinger, F. et al. (1995) J. Immunol. 155:3946.
  4. Marsters, S.A. et al. (1995) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 92:5401.
  5. Krause, C.D. et al. (2000) J. Biol. Chem. 275:22995.
  6. Schroder, K. et al. (2004) J. Leukoc. Biol. 75:163.
  7. McLaren, J.E. and D.P. Ramji (2009) Cytokine Growth Factor Rev. 20:125.
  8. Muhl, H. and J. Pfeilschifter (2003) Int. Immunopharmacol. 3:1247.
  9. Kelchtermans, H. et al. (2008) Trends Immunol. 29:479.

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Publications for IFN-gamma (961-RM)(1)

We have publications tested in 1 confirmed species: Primate - Macaca mulatta (Rhesus Macaque).

We have publications tested in 1 application: Bioassay.


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