Recombinant Rat beta-NGF (CHO-expressed) Protein, CF

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Summary
Reactivity RtSpecies Glossary
Applications Bioactivity
Format
Carrier-Free

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Recombinant Rat beta-NGF (CHO-expressed) Protein, CF Summary

Details of Functionality
Measured in a cell proliferation assay using TF‑1 human erythroleukemic cells. Kitamura, T. et al. (1989) J. Cell Physiol. 140:323. The ED50 for this effect is 0.3-1.8 ng/mL.
Source
Chinese Hamster Ovary cell line, CHO-derived rat beta-NGF protein
Ser122-Gly241
Accession #
N-terminal Sequence
Ser122
Protein/Peptide Type
Recombinant Proteins
Gene
Ngf
Purity
>95%, by SDS-PAGE under reducing conditions and visualized by silver stain.
Endotoxin Note
<0.10 EU per 1 μg of the protein by the LAL method.

Applications/Dilutions

Theoretical MW
13.4 kDa.
Disclaimer note: The observed molecular weight of the protein may vary from the listed predicted molecular weight due to post translational modifications, post translation cleavages, relative charges, and other experimental factors.
SDS-PAGE
11-12 kDa, reducing conditions
Publications
Read Publication using
7815-NG/CF in the following applications:

Packaging, Storage & Formulations

Storage
Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
  • 3 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Buffer
Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS.
Purity
>95%, by SDS-PAGE under reducing conditions and visualized by silver stain.
Reconstitution Instructions
Reconstitute at 100 μg/mL in PBS.

Notes

This product is produced by and ships from R&D Systems, Inc., a Bio-Techne brand.

Alternate Names for Recombinant Rat beta-NGF (CHO-expressed) Protein, CF

  • Beta nerve growth factor precursor
  • beta-nerve growth factor
  • betaNGF
  • beta-NGF
  • HSAN5
  • MGC161426
  • nerve growth factor (beta polypeptide)
  • nerve growth factor, beta subunit
  • NGFB
  • NGFBMGC161428

Background

NGF (Nerve growth factor; also known as beta ‑NGF and 2.5S NGF) is a 13‑14 kDa secreted member of the neurotrophin family, cysteine knot superfamily of molecules (1‑3). It is a noncovalent dimer expressed by a wide variety of cells including adipocytes (4), eosinophils (5), mast cells (DC) (6), neurons (7), CD4+ and CD8+ T cells (8), activated astrocytes (9), keratinocytes (10), rodent submandibular gland epithelium (11) and activated microglia plus Schwann cells (12). Rat beta ‑NGF is synthesized as a precursor that is 241 amino acids (aa) in length (13, 14). Based on mouse, it contains an 18 aa signal sequence, a 103 aa cleavable proregion, a 118 aa mature region (aa 122‑239) and a two aa C‑terminal propeptide (13‑16). Based on mouse, there is likely to be a 307 aa isoform that utilizes an upstream alternative start site (14, 16, 17).  Although proteolytic processing typically occurs intracellularly, proNGF is well recognized to be secreted, where it either undergoes extracellar proteolytic processing, or remains intact to act as a bioactive isoform of NGF (3, 7, 18, 19, 20). Mature rat NGF shares 92% and 96% aa sequence identity with human and mouse NGF, respectively. It should be noted that beta ‑NGF and NGF are synonymous. NGF was originally isolated from the mouse submaxillary/submandibular gland as part of a 7S/140 kDa complex that contained three subunits; an inactive kallikrein molecule ( alpha ‑subunit), a potentially active different kallikrein molecule ( gamma ‑subunit) and a beta ‑subunit (NGF). Other than in rodent, this complex does not exist, and the two kallikreins are not believed to contribute to NGF proteolytic processing. Their presence may simply reflect an incidental release of kallikrein molecules during NGF secretion (3, 20).

NGF has a number of functions, some of which seem at odds with each other. Although it has been reported to have direct neurotrophic activity in the CNS, this is likely due to the effects of proNGF rather than NGF (21). Outside the CNS and during development, NGF activity reportedly ensures that the proper number of heat‑sensitive C‑fibers form, and that they maintain their sensitivity to heat through TRPV1 expression (22). And in the immune system, NGF promotes mast cell survival at the expense of proliferation (23). During inflammation, NGF is also reportedly up‑regulated by Schwann cells. Here, it acts on local neurons, inducing neuronal TNF‑ alpha secretion, which feeds‑back on TNF type II receptors on neurons and promotes survival (12). By contrast, NGF action on select cell lines has been shown to induce apoptosis, and this has led to some confusion as to the mechanism of NGF action (24). To date, there are two receptors for NGF (at least three for proNGF) (2, 25‑27). They are p75NTR and TrkA. It would appear at this time that the p75:TrkA ratio drives the various outcomes associated with NGF exposure (21, 25).

  1. Skaper, S.D. (2012) Methods Mol. Biol. 846:1.
  2. Ichim G. et al. (2012) Exp. Cell Res. 318:1221.
  3. Shooter, E.M. (2001) Annu. Rev. Neurosci. 24:601.
  4. Wang, B. et al. (2005) Am. J. Physiol. Endocrinol. Metab. 288:E731.
  5. Kobayashi, H. et al. (2002) Blood 99:2214.
  6. Nilsson, G. et al. (1997) Eur. J. Immunol. 27:2295.
  7. Lim, K-C. et al. (2007) Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 361:599.
  8. Santambrogio, L. et al. (1994) J. Immunol. 153:4488.
  9. Labie, C. et al. (1999) Br. J. Pharmacol. 127:139.
  10. Pincelli, C. et al. (1994) J. Invest. Dermatol. 103:13.
  11. Leick, M. et al. (2009) Immunology 129:536.
  12. Yoshimura, T. and J.J. Oppenheim (2011) Exp. Cell Res. 317:674.
  13. SwissProt Accession # P25427.
  14. Whittemore, S.R. et al. (1988) J. Neurosci. Res. 20:403
  15. Scott, J. et al. (1983) Nature 302:538.
  16. Ullrich, A. et al. (1983) Nature 303:821.
  17. Dicou, E. (1992) Mol. Brain Res. 14:136.
  18. Hempstead, B.L. (2009) Neurotox. Res. 16:225.
  19. Dicou, E. (2007) Arch. Physiol. Biochem. 113:228.
  20. Seidah, N.G. et al. (1996) Biochem J. 314:951.
  21. Masoudi, R. et al. (2009) J. Biol. Chem. 284:18424.
  22. Petruska, J.C. and L.M. Mendell (2004) Neurosci. Lett. 361:168.
  23. Horigome, K. et al. (1994) J. Biol. Chem. 269:2695.
  24. Bono, F. et al. (1999) FEBS Lett. 457:93.
  25. He, X-L. and K.C. Garcia (2004) Science 304:870.
  26. Clewes, O. et al. (2008) J. Neurochem. 107:1124.
  27. Boutilier, J. et al. (2008) J. Biol. Chem. 283:12709.

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7815-NG/CF
Species: Rt
Applications: Bioactivity

Publications for beta-NGF (7815-NG/CF)(1)

We have publications tested in 1 confirmed species: Rat.

We have publications tested in 1 application: Bioassay.


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Bioinformatics

Gene Symbol Ngf
Uniprot