NOX4 (RENOX) is a renal gp91-phox homolog which functions in the kidney as an oxygen sensor and regulates the synthesis of erythropoietin. This protein is highly expressed at the site of erythropoietin production in the proximal convoluted tubule epithelial cells of the renal cortex.
NOX-4 is also expressed in fetal tissues, placenta, glioblastoma and vascular cells. Like gp91-phox, the enzymatic activity of NOX4 produces superoxide anions. In vascular cells, the addition of angiotensin II increases NOX4 expression, which indicates that NOX4 has a role in vascular oxidative stress response. NOX4 has a role as a redox messenger in the activation of intracellular signaling pathways leading (or contributing) to mitochondriogenesis, cell survival, and differentiation in hematopoietic stem cells. Data suggest that NOX4 provides a novel link between the insulin receptor and the generation of cellular reactive oxygen species that enhances insulin signal transduction.
This product is for research use only and is not approved for use in humans or in clinical diagnosis. This product is guaranteed for 1 year from date of receipt.
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