ILT4/CD85d/LILRB2 Antibody (287219) [Alexa Fluor® 488]

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Product Details

Summary
Reactivity HuSpecies Glossary
Applications Flow
Clone
287219
Clonality
Monoclonal
Host
Mouse
Conjugate
Alexa Fluor 488
Concentration
Please see the vial label for concentration. If unlisted please contact technical services.

ILT4/CD85d/LILRB2 Antibody (287219) [Alexa Fluor® 488] Summary

Immunogen
Mouse myeloma cell line NS0-derived recombinant human LILRB2/CD85d/ILT4
Gly24-His458
Accession # ACT64556
Specificity
Detects human LILRB2/CD85d/ILT4 in direct ELISAs and Western blots. In direct ELISAs and Western blots, no cross-reactivity with recombinant human (rh) ILT1, rhILT2, rhILT3, rhILT6, rhILT7, rhILT11, rhLIR6 or rhLIR8 is observed.
Isotype
IgG2a
Clonality
Monoclonal
Host
Mouse
Gene
LILRB2
Innovator's Reward
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Applications/Dilutions

Dilutions
  • Flow Cytometry 0.25-1 ug/10^6 cells
Application Notes
Flow Cytometry: Please use 0.25-1 ug of conjugated antibody per 10e6 cells.

Packaging, Storage & Formulations

Storage
Store the unopened product at 2 - 8 °C. Do not use past expiration date.
Buffer
Supplied 0.2 mg/mL in a saline solution containing BSA and Sodium Azide.
Preservative
0.09% Sodium Azide
Concentration
Please see the vial label for concentration. If unlisted please contact technical services.

Notes

This product is produced by and ships from R&D Systems, Inc., a Bio-Techne brand.

Alternate Names for ILT4/CD85d/LILRB2 Antibody (287219) [Alexa Fluor® 488]

  • CD85 antigen-like family member D
  • CD85d antigen
  • CD85d
  • Ig-like transcript 4
  • ILT4
  • ILT-4
  • ILT4CD85d
  • Immunoglobulin-like transcript 4
  • Leukocyte immunoglobulin-like receptor 2
  • leukocyte immunoglobulin-like receptor subfamily B member 2 soluble isoform
  • leukocyte immunoglobulin-like receptor subfamily B member 2
  • leukocyte immunoglobulin-like receptor, subfamily B (with TM and ITIM domains)
  • LILRB2
  • LIR2
  • LIR2CD85D
  • LIR-2subfamily A (with TM domain), member 6
  • member 2
  • MIR10
  • MIR10LILRA6
  • Monocyte/macrophage immunoglobulin-like receptor 10

Background

The immunoglobulin-like transcript (ILT) comprise a family of activating and inhibitory type immunoreceptors whose genes are located in the same locus that encodes killer cell Ig-like receptors (KIR) (1‑3). ILT4, also known as LIR-2 and LILRB2, is a type I transmembrane protein expressed primarily on monocytes and dendritic cells (DC) (4). Human ILT4 is produced as a 598 amino acid (aa) precursor including a 21 aa signal sequence, a 440 aa extracellular domain (ECD), a 21 aa transmembrane segment, and a 116 aa cytoplasmic domain. The ECD contains four Ig-like domains, and the cytoplasmic domain contains three immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibitory motifs (ITIM) (5). The ECD of human ILT4 shares 76% aa identity with chimpanzee ILT4 and 74%, 81%, 33%, 52%, 77%, 61%, and 64 % aa identity with human ILT1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 7, and 8, respectively. ILT4 binds to classical MHC I proteins as well as the non-classical HLA-G1 and HLA-F molecules (5‑9). It competes with CD8 alpha for MHC I binding but does not compete with KIR2DL1 (7). Ligation of ILT4 induces Tyr phosphorylation within its cytoplasmic ITIMs, a requirement for association with SHP-1 (4, 6). Activation of ILT4 inhibits signaling through Fc gamma RI (4) and Fc epsilon RI (6) and causes DC to become tolerogenic by downregulation of costimulatory molecules (10, 11). ILT4 mediates tolerogenic DC-induced CD4+ T cell energy in vitro and in vivo (10‑12).

  1. Suciu-Foca, N. et al. (2005) Int. Immunopharmacol. 5:7. 
  2. Hofmeister, V. and E.H. Weiss (2003) Semin. Canc. Biol. 13:317. 
  3. Hunt, J.S. et al. (2005) FASEB J. 19:681. 
  4. Finger, N.A. et al. (1998) Eur. J. Immunol. 28:3423. 
  5. Borges, L. et al. (1997) J. Immunol. 159:5192. 
  6. Colonna, M. et al. (1998) J. Immunol. 160:3096. 
  7. Shiroishi, M. et al. (2003) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 100:8856.
  8. Lepin, E.J.M. et al. (2000) Eur. J. Immunol. 30:3552.
  9. Allen, R.L. et al. (2001) J. Immunol. 167:5543.
  10. Chang, C.C. et al. (2002) Nat. Immunol. 3:237.
  11. Ristich, V. et al. (2005) Eur. J. Immunol. 35:1133.
  12. Manavalan, J.S. et al. (2003) Transpl. Immunol. 11:245.

Limitations

This product is for research use only and is not approved for use in humans or in clinical diagnosis. Primary Antibodies are guaranteed for 1 year from date of receipt.

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Bioinformatics

Gene Symbol LILRB2
Entrez
Uniprot