EpCAM/TROP1 Antibody (SPM491) - (ECD)

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Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: EpCAM/TROP1 Antibody (SPM491) - (ECD) [NBP2-44637] - Human Ovarian Carcinoma stained with Ep-CAM Monoclonal Antibody (SPM491).

Product Details

Summary
Reactivity Hu, Mu(-), Rt(-)Species Glossary
Applications WB, Flow, ICC/IF, IHC, IHC-P, ICC/IF
Clone
SPM491
Clonality
Monoclonal
Host
Mouse
Conjugate
Unconjugated
Concentration
0.2 mg/ml

Order Details

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Catalog# & Formulation Size Price

EpCAM/TROP1 Antibody (SPM491) - (ECD) Summary

Immunogen
Recombinant full-length human EpCAM/TROP1 protein (Uniprot: P16422)
Localization
Cell Surface & Cytoplasmic
Marker
Epithelial Marker
Specificity
EGP40 is a 40-43kDa transmembrane epithelial glycoprotein, also identified as epithelial specific antigen (ESA), or epithelial cellular adhesion molecule (Ep-CAM). It is expressed on baso-lateral cell surface in most simple epithelia and a vast majority of carcinomas. This antibody has been used to distinguish adenocarcinoma from pleural mesothelioma and hepatocellular carcinoma. This antibody is also useful in distinguishing serous carcinomas of the ovary from mesothelioma.
Isotype
IgG1 Kappa
Clonality
Monoclonal
Host
Mouse
Gene
EPCAM
Purity
Protein A or G purified
Innovator's Reward
Test in a species/application not listed above to receive a full credit towards a future purchase.

Applications/Dilutions

Dilutions
  • Flow Cytometry 1-2 ug/million cells
  • Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence 1-2 ug/ml
  • Immunofluorescence 1 - 2 ug/ml
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin 0.25-0.5 ug/ml
  • Western Blot 1-2 ug/ml
Application Notes
Immunohistochemistry (Formalin-fixed): 0.25-0.5ug/ml for 30 min at RT. Staining of formalin-fixed tissues requires heating tissue sections in 10mM Tris with 1mM EDTA, pH 9.0, for 45 min at 95C followed by cooling at RT for 20 minutes.
Optimal dilution for a specific application should be determined.

Reactivity Notes

Does not react with Mouse or Rat.

Packaging, Storage & Formulations

Storage
Store at 4C.
Buffer
10 mM PBS with 0.05% BSA
Preservative
0.05% Sodium Azide
Concentration
0.2 mg/ml
Purity
Protein A or G purified

Notes

200ug/ml of antibody purified from Bioreactor Concentrate by Protein A or G. Prepared in 10 mM PBS with 0.05% BSA & 0.05% azide. Also available WITHOUT BSA & azide at 1.0 mg/ml. (NBP3-11478)

Antibody with azide - store at 2 to 8C. Antibody without azide - store at -20 to -80C. Antibody is stable for 24 months. Non-hazardous.

Alternate Names for EpCAM/TROP1 Antibody (SPM491) - (ECD)

  • 17-1A
  • 323/A3
  • ACSTD1
  • antigen identified by monoclonal AUA1
  • CD326 antigen
  • CD326
  • Cell surface glycoprotein Trop-1
  • chromosome 4, surface marker (35kD glycoprotein)
  • DIAR5
  • EGP
  • EGP-2
  • EGP314
  • EGP40
  • EpCAM
  • epithelial cell adhesion molecule
  • Epithelial cell surface antigen
  • Epithelial glycoprotein 314
  • Epithelial glycoprotein
  • ESA
  • GA733-2
  • GA733-2EGP34
  • gp40
  • hEGP314
  • HNPCC8
  • KS 1/4 antigen
  • KS1/4
  • KSAHEA125
  • M1S2
  • M4S1
  • M4S1Ly74
  • Major gastrointestinal tumor-associated protein GA733-2
  • MIC18MH99
  • MOC31
  • TACST-1
  • TACSTD1
  • TROP1
  • TROP1CD326
  • Tumor-associated calcium signal transducer 1CO-17A

Background

Epithelial cell adhesion molecule (EpCAM), also known as TROP1 and CD326, is a type I transmembrane glycoprotein that plays a role in a number of cellular processes including adhesion, signaling, maintaining stemness, proliferation, migration, and invasion (1,2). The human EpCAM protein is 314 amino acids (aa) in length with a theoretical molecular weight (MW) of ~35 kDa (1,3,4). The EpCAM protein includes a signal peptide, an extracellular N-terminal domain, a thyroglobulin type-1 domain, a carboxyl-terminal domain, a single-pass transmembrane domain, and an intracellular domain (1,3). The protein is highly conserved and has approximately 81% aa sequence identity between human and mouse (5). Trophoblast cell-surface antigen 2 (TROP2) also shares ~67% aa sequence similarity with EpCAM (1,5). While both EpCAM and TROP2 are cell surface markers expressed in the epithelium, their expression levels typically do not correlate (5). EpCAM is expressed in normal epithelial tissue and elevated expression is observed in many epithelial carcinomas (1-3) Patient tumor samples with increased EpCAM expression have been associated with poor prognosis (1). Given EpCAM's elevated expression in tumors, it has become a potential target for cancer therapy approaches, including monoclonal antibody treatment and anti-EpCAM trispecific antibodies (1,5).

EpCAM functions as an intracellular signaling molecule and contributes to regulation of epithelial-to-mesenchymal (EMT) transition (4,5). EpCAM is cleaved during the process of regulated intramembrane proteolysis (RIP) (4,5). Initial cleavage occurs at the membrane via a disintegrin and metalloprotease 17 (ADAM17) which releases EpCAM's extracellular domain (EpEx) (4,5). A secondary cleavage is mediated by presenilin 2 (PSEN2) which releases EpCAM's cytoplasmic trail (EpICD) (4,5). EpICD translocates to the nucleus where it associates with beta-catenin, FHL-2, and LEF-1 and induces transcription of genes related to EMT and tumor growth (4,5). EpCAM has also been shown to regulate structure and functionality of the apical junction complex of cells through direct interaction with claudin-7 and association with E-cadherin (2,5). Loss of EpCAM disrupts adherins junction and tight junction structure and function (2).

References

1. Mohtar MA, Syafruddin SE, Nasir SN, Low TY. Revisiting the Roles of Pro-Metastatic EpCAM in Cancer. Biomolecules. 2020; 10(2):255. https://doi.org/10.3390/biom10020255

2. Huang L, Yang Y, Yang F, et al. Functions of EpCAM in physiological processes and diseases (Review). Int J Mol Med. 2018; 42(4):1771-1785. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijmm.2018.3764

3. Brown TC, Sankpal NV, Gillanders WE. Functional Implications of the Dynamic Regulation of EpCAM during Epithelial-to-Mesenchymal Transition. Biomolecules. 2021; 11(7):956. https://doi.org/10.3390/biom11070956

4. Uniprot (P16422)

5. Schnell U, Cirulli V, Giepmans BN. EpCAM: structure and function in health and disease. Biochim Biophys Acta. 2013; 1828(8):1989-2001. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbamem.2013.04.018

Limitations

This product is for research use only and is not approved for use in humans or in clinical diagnosis. Primary Antibodies are guaranteed for 1 year from date of receipt.

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Product General Protocols

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Video Protocols

WB Video Protocol
ICC/IF Video Protocol

FAQs for EpCAM/TROP1 Antibody (NBP2-44637). (Showing 1 - 1 of 1 FAQ).

  1. I'm looking for EpCAM antibody for rat. Do you have any antibody which can use FACS?
    • We unfortunately do not have any EpCAM antibodies validated in FACS for detection of the rat protein. I am sorry for any inconvenience. I do have three products to EpCAM that can detect the rat protein. These products have been validated to detect the native rat protein, so they may work for FACS however they have not yet been tested in that particular application. If you would like to try them in your experiment you would qualify for our Innovator's Reward Program. This program was designed to help scientists with the cost of their antibodies in return for valuable information. If you decide to test an antibody in a previously untested species or application we will issue you a credit for the purchase price of the antibody in exchange for a review of your experiment using our product.

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Bioinformatics

Gene Symbol EPCAM
Uniprot