Western blot shows lysates of NR8383 rat alveolar macrophage cell line untreated (-) or treated (+) with 10 μg/mL LPS for 4 hours. PVDF membrane was probed with 2 µg/mL of Mouse Anti-Rat CCL3/MIP‑1 alpha ...read more
Recombinant Rat CCL3/MIP‑1 alpha (Catalog # 6625-MA) induces chemotaxis in the BaF3 mouse pro‑B cell line transfected with human CCR5 in a dose-dependent manner (orange line). Chemotaxis elicited by Recombinant Rat ...read more
Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with Trehalose. *Small pack size (SP) is supplied as a 0.2 µm filtered solution in PBS.
Sterile PBS to a final concentration of 0.5 mg/mL.
This product is produced by and ships from R&D Systems, Inc., a Bio-Techne brand.
Alternate Names for CCL3/MIP-1 alpha Antibody (769324) [Unconjugated]
C-C motif chemokine 3
chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 3
CCL3, also known as macrophage inflammatory protein 1 alpha (MIP-1 alpha ) and LD78, is a member of the beta or CC subfamily of chemokines and is closely related to CCL4/MIP-1 beta. Chemokines comprise a large family of small secreted proteins that are involved in immune and inflammatory responses. CCL3 expression can be induced in a variety of hematopoietic cells, fibroblasts, smooth muscle cells, and epithelial cells (1). Mature rat CCL3 shares 74%, 91%, and 88% amino acid sequence identity with human, mouse, and cotton rat CCL3, respectively (2). CCL3 is an approximately 8 kDa chemokine that forms complexes with sulfated proteoglycans (3, 4). In a reversible process, CCL3 associates into noncovalently-linked dimers which then form tetramers and high molecular weight polymers (5, 6). These complexes of CCL3 are protected from proteolytic digestion by insulin degrading enzyme (IDE) which can cleave the monomeric chemokine (6). CCL3 exerts its biological functions through interactions with CCR1, CCR3, and CCR5 (1). It is cleared from the extracellular space by internalization via the decoy chemokine receptor D6 (7). CCL3 promotes the chemoattraction, adhesion to activated vascular endothelium, and cellular activation of many hematopoietic cell types including activated T cells, NK cells, neutrophils, monocytes, immature dendritic cells, and eosinophils (1, 8-10). CCL3 is also known as stem cell inhibitor (SCI) and can inhibit the proliferation of hematopoietic progenitor cells (3). CCL3 bioactivity contributes to tumor metastasis and the inflammatory components of viral infection, rheumatoid arthritis, and hepatitis (11-14), although it also can suppress the replication of HIV (15). CCL3 additionally promotes hyperalgesia by sensitizing sensory neurons to TRPV1-mediated noxious stimulation (16).
Menten, P. et al. (2002) Cytokine Growth Factor Rev. 13:455.
Shi, M.M. et al. (1995) Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 211:289.
Graham, G.J. et al. (1990) Nature 344:442.
Wagner, L. et al. (1998) Nature 391:908.
Graham, G.J. et al. (1994) J. Biol. Chem. 269:4974.
Ren, M. et al. (2010) EMBO J. 29:3952.
Weber, M. et al. (2004) Mol. Biol. Cell 15:2492
Taub, D.D. et al. (1993) Science 260:355.
Bernardini, G. et al. (2008) Blood 111:3626.
Lee, S.C. et al. (2000) J. Immunol. 164:3392.
Wu, Y. et al. (2008) J. Immunol. 181:6384.
Cook, D.N. et al. (1995) Science 269:1583.
Chintalacharuvu, S.R. et al. (2005) Immunol. Lett. 100:202.
Ajuebor, M.N. et al. (2004) Eur. J. Immunol. 34:2907.
Cocchi, F. et al. (1995) Science 270:1811.
Zhang, N. et al. (2005) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 102:4536.
This product is for research use only and is not approved for use in humans or in clinical diagnosis. Primary Antibodies are guaranteed for 1 year from date of receipt.
The concentration calculator allows you to quickly calculate the volume, mass or concentration of your vial. Simply enter your mass, volume, or concentration values for your reagent and the calculator will determine the rest.
Review this Product
Be the first to review our CCL3/MIP-1 alpha Antibody (769324) [Unconjugated] and receive a gift card or discount.