Caspase-3 Assay Kit (Fluorometric)

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Product Details

Summary
Reactivity Hu, Mu, Rt, MaSpecies Glossary
Suitable Sample Type
Cell and tissue lysates

Order Details

Caspase-3 Assay Kit (Fluorometric) Summary

Description
Simple and convenient fluorometric assay to measure Caspase-3/CPP32 activity within 1-2 hrs.
  • Detection method: Fluorescence (Ex/Em = 400/505 nm)
  • Applications: Detect early/middle stages of apoptosis; differentiate apoptosis from necrosis.
Kit Type
Assay Kit (Fluorometric)
Gene
CASP3

Applications/Dilutions

Theoretical MW
31.7 kDa.
Disclaimer note: The observed molecular weight of the protein may vary from the listed predicted molecular weight due to post translational modifications, post translation cleavages, relative charges, and other experimental factors.

Packaging, Storage & Formulations

Storage
Store at -20C.

Kit Components

Components
  1. 2X Reaction Buffer
  2. Cell Lysis Buffer
  3. DEVD-AFC (1 mM)
  4. DTT (1 M)

Alternate Names for Caspase-3 Assay Kit (Fluorometric)

  • Apopain
  • apoptosis-related cysteine protease
  • CASP3
  • CASP-3
  • caspase 3, apoptosis-related cysteine peptidase
  • Caspase3
  • Caspase-3
  • CPP32
  • CPP-32
  • CPP32B
  • CPP32SREBP cleavage activity 1
  • Cysteine protease CPP32
  • EC 3.4.22
  • EC 3.4.22.56
  • LICE-1
  • PARP cleavage protease
  • procaspase3
  • Protein Yama
  • SCA-1
  • YAMA

Background

CPP32 encodes a member of the cysteine-aspartic acid protease (caspase) family that plays a key role in apoptosis. Caspase 3 (also known as CPP32, Apopain, Yama, and PARP cleavage protease) is the most extensively studied apoptotic protein among caspase family members (1-2). Caspase 3 is synthesized as an inactive proenzyme that is processed in cells undergoing apoptosis by self-proteolysis and/or cleavage by other upstream proteases (e.g. Caspases 8, 9 and 10). Alternative splicing of CPP32 results in two transcript variants which encode the same protein. The processed form of Caspase 3 consists of large (theoretical molecular weight 17kD) and small (theoretical molecular weight 12kD) subunits which associate to form an active enzyme. Caspase 3 is cleaved at Asp28/Ser29 and Asp175/Ser176. The active Caspase 3 proteolytically cleaves and activates other caspases (e.g. Caspases 6, 7 and 9), as well as relevant targets in the cells (e.g. PARP and DFF). Variations in levels of Caspase 3 have been reported in cells of short-lived nature and those with a longer life cycle. Caspase 3 is the predominant caspase involved in the cleavage of amyloid beta 4A precursor protein, which is associated with neuronal death in Alzheimer's disease (3).

References

1.Mu, N., Lei, Y., Wang, Y., Wang, Y., Duan, Q., Ma, G., . . . Su, L. (2019). Inhibition of SIRT1/2 upregulates HSPA5 acetylation and induces pro-survival autophagy via ATF4-DDIT4-mTORC1 axis in human lung cancer cells. Apoptosis, 24(9-10), 798-811. doi:10.1007/s10495-019-01559-3

2.Sun, C. M., Enkhjargal, B., Reis, C., Zhou, K. R., Xie, Z. Y., Wu, L. Y., . . . Zhang, J. H. (2019). Osteopontin attenuates early brain injury through regulating autophagy-apoptosis interaction after subarachnoid hemorrhage in rats. CNS Neurosci Ther, 25(10), 1162-1172. doi:10.1111/cns.13199

3.Louneva, N., Cohen, J. W., Han, L. Y., Talbot, K., Wilson, R. S., Bennett, D. A., . . . Arnold, S. E. (2008). Caspase-3 is enriched in postsynaptic densities and increased in Alzheimer's disease. Am J Pathol, 173(5), 1488-1495. doi:10.2353/ajpath.2008.080434

Limitations

This product is for research use only and is not approved for use in humans or in clinical diagnosis. Kits are guaranteed for 6 months from date of receipt.

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Caspase-7 is an effector caspase with important roles in mediating cell death signaling. As an effector caspase, caspase-7 is cleaved and activated by initiator caspases such as caspase-1 (1). Like other caspase family proteins, caspase-7 contains a...  Read full blog post.

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Bioinformatics

Gene Symbol CASP3