Recombinant Human ATM GST (N-Term) Protein

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SDS-Page: Recombinant Human ATM Protein [H00000472-P01] - Analysis with Recombinant Human ATM Protein [H00000472-P01] in 12.5% SDS-PAGE Stained with Coomassie Blue.

Product Details

Summary
Reactivity HuSpecies Glossary
Applications WB, ELISA, PA, PAGE, AP

Order Details

Recombinant Human ATM GST (N-Term) Protein Summary

Description
Recombinant protein with GST-tag at N-terminal corresponding to the amino acids 1 - 138 of Human ATM full-length ORF

Source: Wheat Germ (in vitro)

Amino Acid Sequence: MTLHEPANSSASQSTDLCDFSGDLDPAPNPPHFPSHVVKATFAYISNCHKTKLKSILEILSKSPDSYQKILLAICEQAAETNNVYKKHRILKIYHLFVSLLLKDIKSGLGGAWAFVLRDVIYTLIHYINQRKLTIFSQ

Preparation
Method
in vitro wheat germ expression system
Details of Functionality
This protein was produced in an in vitro wheat germ expression system that should preserve correct conformational folding that is necessary for biological function. While it is possible that this protein could display some level of activity, the functionality of this protein has not been explicitly measured or validated.
Source
Wheat germ
Protein/Peptide Type
Full Length Recombinant Protein
Gene
ATM
Purity
>80% by SDS-PAGE and Coomassie blue staining

Applications/Dilutions

Dilutions
  • ELISA
  • Immunoaffinity Purification
  • Protein Array
  • SDS-Page
  • Western Blot
Theoretical MW
40.81 kDa.
Disclaimer note: The observed molecular weight of the protein may vary from the listed predicted molecular weight due to post translational modifications, post translation cleavages, relative charges, and other experimental factors.

Packaging, Storage & Formulations

Storage
Store at -80C. Avoid freeze-thaw cycles.
Buffer
50 mM Tris-HCl, 10 mM reduced Glutathione, pH 8.0 in the elution buffer.
Preservative
No Preservative
Purity
>80% by SDS-PAGE and Coomassie blue staining

Notes

This product is produced by and distributed for Abnova, a company based in Taiwan.

Alternate Names for Recombinant Human ATM GST (N-Term) Protein

  • AT mutated
  • A-T mutated
  • AT1
  • ATA
  • ataxia telangiectasia mutated (includes complementation groups A, C and D)
  • ataxia telangiectasia mutated
  • ATC
  • ATD
  • ATDC
  • ATE
  • ATM serine/threonine kinase
  • ATM
  • DKFZp781A0353
  • EC 2.7.11.1
  • MGC74674
  • serine-protein kinase ATM
  • TEL1
  • TEL1, telomere maintenance 1, homolog
  • TELO1
  • TPLL

Background

ATM (ataxia telangiectasia mutated kinase) is the master regulator of the DNA double-strand break (DSB) repair pathway. This ubiquitously expressed serine/threonine protein kinase belongs to the PI3K-like family of proteins and responds to DSBs caused by oxidative and other genotoxic stresses (1). In addition to regulating the DNA damage response, ATM participates in vesicle and protein transport, T-cell development, gonads/neurological function, pre-B cell allelic exclusion, cell cycle control, and acts as a tumor suppressor (2,3). Defects in ATM are associated with ataxia telangiectasia (AT), T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (TALL), T-prolymphocytic leukemia (TPLL), and B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphomas (BNHL) including mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) and B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (BCLL) (4).

The theoretical molecular weight of ATM is 350 kDa and it has 3 main domains: a FAT (focal adhesion targeting) domain (aa 1960-2566), a PI-3/PI-4 kinase catalytic domain (aa 2712-2962), and a C-terminal FAT domain (aa 3024-3056). ATM exists as a dimer or tetramer in its inactive state. Upon sensing DNA damage, the MRE11-RAD50-NBS1 (MRN) complex recruits ATM. The intricate process of ATM activation involves acetylation by KAT5/TIP60, autophosphorylation at Ser-1981, and dissociation into catalytically active monomers (5). Following activation, ATM phosphorylates multiple substrates such as p53/TP53 and Chk2 involved in DNA repair, checkpoint signaling, and the apoptosis pathway.

References

1. Paull TT. (2015) Mechanisms of ATM Activation. Annu Rev Biochem. 84:711-38. PMID: 25580527

2. Chaudhary MW and Al-Baradie RS. (2014) Ataxia-telangiectasia: future prospects. Appl Clin Genet. 7:159-167. PMID: 25258552

3. Stagni V, Cirotti C, and Barila D. (2018) Ataxia-Telangiectasia Mutated Kinase in the Control of Oxidative Stress, Mitochondria, and Autophagy in Cancer: A Maestro With a Large Orchestra. Front Oncol. 8:73. PMID: 29616191

4. Gumy-Pause F, Wacker P, and Sappino AP. (2004) ATM gene and lymphoid malignancies. Leukemia. 18(2):238-42. PMID: 14628072

5. Adamowicz M. (2018) Breaking up with ATM. J Immunol Sci. 2(1):26-31. PMID: 29652413

Limitations

This product is for research use only and is not approved for use in humans or in clinical diagnosis. Peptides and proteins are guaranteed for 3 months from date of receipt.

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Product General Protocols

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Video Protocols

WB Video Protocol

FAQs for ATM Recombinant Protein (H00000472-P01). (Showing 1 - 2 of 2 FAQ).

  1. What is the theoretical molecular weight for your ATM antibodies?
    • The theoretical molecular weight for our ATM antibodies is 351 kDa.
  2. What is the purity of this protein?
    • The purity for this recombinant ATM protein is >80% by SDS-PAGE and Coomassie blue staining.

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Blogs on ATM.

Further unraveling the role of gamma H2AX in DNA damage response
Our genome experiences a moderate amount of DNA damage in our cells on a daily basis.  This DNA damage can be in response to external environmental factors, or be a result of our internal metabolic processes going awry.  While normal rates of DNA ...  Read full blog post.

The recent relationship of BRCA1 and 53BP1
The p53-binding protein 1 (53BP1) is a DNA damage response factor, which is recruited to nuclear structures at the site of DNA damage.  DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) are mutations that are detrimental to cell viability and genome stability, and m...  Read full blog post.

Application Highlight: Recent uses of TERF2 in immunofluorescence (IF)
Telomeres are a region of repeat nucleotide sequences located at the end of chromosomes to protect our DNA from becoming damaged via end-to-end fusion.  TERF2, or telomeric-repeat binding factor 2, is important for telomere integrity and aids in th...  Read full blog post.

ATM - detecting and responding to DNA damage
Ataxia telangiectasia mutated (ATM) is essential for the maintenance of genomic stability. ATM is a 370 kDa serine-threonine kinase that is constitutively expressed in various tissues. Although primarily nuclear, ATM is also found at lower levels ...  Read full blog post.

53BP1 - a marker for DNA Double Strand Break
53BP1 (p53 binding protein 1) was originally thought to be an enhancer for p53 transcriptional, but later studies have demonstrated that it is actually a substrate for ataxia telangiectasia mutated (ATM). 53BP1 is a classic late DNA damage response...  Read full blog post.

53BP1 - DNA damage is no fun
The 53BP1 (p53 binding protein 1) was initially believed to be a p53 transcriptional enhancing partner, but it has now been established as an ataxia telangiectasia mutated (ATM) substrate. As a late DNA damage response (DDR) marker, 53BP1 appears duri...  Read full blog post.

ATM and DSB Repair in Cancer
Ataxia Telangiectasia Mutated (ATM) is a serine/threonine protein kinase that is the master regulator of the DNA double-strand break (DSB) repair pathway. ATM is a key part of the cell cycle machinery that activates checkpoint signaling in response to...  Read full blog post.

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Bioinformatics

Gene Symbol ATM