Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with Trehalose. *Small pack size (SP) is supplied either lyophilized or as a 0.2 µm filtered solution in PBS.
Immunogen affinity purified
Reconstitute at 0.2 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
This product is produced by and ships from R&D Systems, Inc., a Bio-Techne brand.
Alternate Names for Norrin/NDP Antibody
exudative vitreoretinopathy 2 (X-linked)
Norrie disease (pseudoglioma)
Norrie disease protein
X-linked exudative vitreoretinopathy 2 protein
Norrin (also called Norrie Disease Protein or NDP) is a secreted regulatory protein that remains tightly associated with the extracellular matrix (1). At least 70 mutations of Norrin have been identified in Norrie disease (X-linked retinal dysplasia) or in a minority of X-linked familial exudative vitreoretinopathy (FEVR). Both are disorders of retinal vascularization that cause blindness (2, 3). Norrin consists of disulfide-linked homodimers that oligomerize further via disulfide bridges to form higher order oligomers containing up to ten units of 12 kDa each. The cysteine-rich C-terminal domain of Norrin is homologous to von Willebrand factor, several extracellular mucin proteins, and members of the TGF-beta family. Molecular modeling studies predict that Norrin assumes a cysteine-knot structure typical for the TGF‑ beta family (4). Although Norrin is not related to Wnt family proteins, it functions like a Wnt protein in that it binds with high affinity to the receptor Frizzled-4, requires LDL receptor-related protein (LRP) as a co-receptor, and induces activation of the canonical Wnt signaling pathway (5). Norrin and Frizzled-4 are expressed at relatively low levels in tissues displaying vascular phenotypes and genetic disruption of either gene in mice gives phenotypes with marked similarities (5, 6, 7). Human Norrin shares 100%, 96%, 95%, 94% and 90% amino acid identity with rhesus macaque, canine, bovine, mouse, and chick Norrin, respectively.
Perez-Vilar, J. and R.L. Hill (1997) J. Biol. Chem. 272:33410.
Berger, W. et al. (1992) Nat. Genet. 1:199.
Berger, W. and H.H. Ropers (2001) “The Metabolic and Molecular Bases of Inherited Diseases”, C.R. Scriver, et al. eds. p. 5977.
Meitinger, T et al. (1993) Nat Genet 5:376.
Xu, Q. et al. (2004) Cell 116:883.
Hartzer, M.K. et al. (1999) Brain Res. Bull. 49:355.
Wang, Y. et al. (2001) J. Neurosci. 21:4761.
This product is for research use only and is not approved for use in humans or in clinical diagnosis. Primary Antibodies are guaranteed for 1 year from date of receipt.
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