Recombinant Human FGF‑9 (Catalog # 273-F9) stimulates proliferation in the Balb/3T3 mouse embryonic fibroblast cell line in a dose-dependent manner (orange line). Proliferation elicited by Recombinant Human FGF‑9 ...read more
The FGF family is comprised of at least nine polypeptides that show a variety of biological activities toward cells of mesenchymal, neuronal and epithelial origin. All FGFs have two conserved cysteine residues and share 30‑50% sequence identity at the amino acid level. FGF-9, also named glia-activating factor, was originally identified and purified from the supernatant of a human glioma cell line as a heparin-binding mitogenic growth factor for glial cells. FGF-9 has also been shown to stimulate the proliferation of oligodendrocyte type 2 astrocyte progenitor cells, Balb/c3T3 fibroblasts and PC-12 cells. However, unlike FGF acidic and basic, FGF-9 is not a mitogen for human umbilical vein endothelial cells.
The human FGF-9 cDNA encodes a 208 amino acid residue protein that contains a potential N-linked glycosylation site. The native protein is glycosylated. FGF-9 exhibits approximately 30% sequence similarity to other members of the FGF family. Although FGF-9 lacks a typical secretion signal, the protein is secreted efficiently after synthesis. Rat FGF-9 cDNA has been cloned and shown to be highly homologous to human FGF-9. The two proteins differ only in one amino acid residue. The expression of the FGF-9 transcripts has been shown to be restricted to the brain and the kidney.
Naruo, K. et al. (1993) J. Biol. Chem. 268:2857.
Miyamoto, M. et al. (1993) Mol. Cell Biol. 13:4251.
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