Recombinant Human Ubiquitin Protein, CF

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Product Details

Summary
Reactivity HuSpecies Glossary
Applications Enzyme Activity
Format
Carrier-Free

Order Details

Recombinant Human Ubiquitin Protein, CF Summary

Details of Functionality
Recombinant Human Ubiquitin can be conjugated to substrate proteins via the subsequent actions of a Ubiquitin-activating (E1) enzyme, a Ubiquitin-conjugating (E2) enzyme, and a Ubiquitin ligase (E3). Reaction conditions will need to be optimized for each specific application. We recommend an initial Recombinant Human Ubiquitin concentration of 0.01-0.5 mM.
Source
E. coli-derived human Ubiquitin protein
Accession #
Protein/Peptide Type
Recombinant Proteins
Gene
UBB
Purity
>95%, by SDS-PAGE under reducing conditions and visualized by Colloidal Coomassie® Blue stain.

Applications/Dilutions

Dilutions
  • Enzyme Activity
Theoretical MW
8.6 kDa.
Disclaimer note: The observed molecular weight of the protein may vary from the listed predicted molecular weight due to post translational modifications, post translation cleavages, relative charges, and other experimental factors.
Publications
Read Publications using
U-100H in the following applications:

Packaging, Storage & Formulations

Storage
Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 3 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Buffer
Lyophilized from a solution in deionized water.
Purity
>95%, by SDS-PAGE under reducing conditions and visualized by Colloidal Coomassie® Blue stain.
Reconstitution Instructions
Reconstitute at 10 mg/mL in an aqueous solution.

Notes

This product is produced by and ships from R&D Systems, Inc., a Bio-Techne brand.

Alternate Names for Recombinant Human Ubiquitin Protein, CF

  • RPS27A
  • UBA52
  • UBB ubiquitin B
  • UBB
  • UBC
  • Ubiquitin

Background

Ubiquitin is a 76 amino acid (aa) protein that is ubiquitously expressed in all eukaryotic organisms. Ubiquitin is highly conserved with 96% aa sequence identity shared between human and yeast Ubiquitin, and 100% aa sequence identity shared between human and mouse Ubiquitin (1). In mammals, four Ubiquitin genes encode for two Ubiquitin-ribosomal fusion proteins and two poly-Ubiquitin proteins. Cleavage of the Ubiquitin precursors by deubiquitinating enzymes gives rise to identical Ubiquitin monomers each with a predicted molecular weight of 8.6 kDa. Conjugation of Ubiquitin to target proteins involves the formation of an isopeptide bond between the C-terminal glycine residue of Ubiquitin and a lysine residue in the target protein. This process of conjugation, referred to as ubiquitination or ubiquitylation, is a multi-step process that requires three enzymes: a Ubiquitin-activating (E1) enzyme, a Ubiquitin-conjugating (E2) enzyme, and a Ubiquitin ligase (E3). Ubiquitination is classically recognized as a mechanism to target proteins for degradation and as a result, Ubiquitin was originally named ATP-dependent Proteolysis Factor 1 (APF-1) (2,3). In addition to protein degradation, ubiquitination has been shown to mediate a variety of biological processes such as signal transduction, endocytosis, and post-endocytic sorting (4-7).

Highly purified Ubiquitin processed for the quantitative removal of glycine and buffer salts which can interfere with chemical and in vitro reactions.

  1. Sharp, P.M. & W.-H. Li. (1987) Trends Ecol. Evol. 2:328.
  2. Ciechanover, A. et al. (1980 ) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 77:1365.
  3. Hershko, A. et al. (1980) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 77:1783.
  4. Greene, W. et al. (2012) PLoS Pathog. 8:e1002703.
  5. Tong, X. et al. (2012) J. Biol. Chem. 287:25280.
  6. Wei, W. et al. (2004) Nature 428:194.
  7. Wertz, I.E. et al. (2004) Nature 430:694.

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Publications for Ubiquitin (U-100H)(94)

We have publications tested in 9 confirmed species: Human, Mouse, Bacteria, Bacteria - E. Coli, Escherichia coli, N/A, Virus - HPV, Xenopus, Yeast - Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

We have publications tested in 6 applications: Binding Assay, Bioassay, ELISA, Enzyme Assay, Ubiquitination, Ubiquitylation.


Filter By Application
Binding Assay
(1)
Bioassay
(77)
ELISA
(1)
Enzyme Assay
(4)
Ubiquitination
(9)
Ubiquitylation
(1)
All Applications
Filter By Species
Human
(55)
Mouse
(1)
Bacteria
(1)
Bacteria - E. Coli
(2)
Escherichia coli
(1)
N/A
(18)
Virus - HPV
(1)
Xenopus
(1)
Yeast - Saccharomyces cerevisiae
(1)
All Species
Showing Publications 1 - 10 of 94. Show All 94 Publications.
Publications using U-100H Applications Species
E Fuentes-Le, JS Reyes, LF Gamon, C López-Alar, MJ Davies Effect of macromolecular crowding on protein oxidation: Consequences on the rate, extent and oxidation pathways Redox Biology, 2021;48(0):102202. 2021 [PMID: 34856437] (Bioassay, Human) Bioassay Human
H Zhou, MS Zaher, JC Walter, A Brown Structure of CRL2Lrr1, the E3 ubiquitin ligase that promotes DNA replication termination in vertebrates Nucleic Acids Research, 2021;0(0):. 2021 [PMID: 34850944] (Bioassay, Human) Bioassay Human
M Won, KA Park, S Kim, E Ju, Y Ko, H Yoo, H Ro, J Lee, J Oh, EG Lee, SY Kim, SW Nam, HM Shen, MK Yeo, JM Kim, GM Hur ANKRD13a controls early cell-death checkpoint by interacting with RIP1 independent of NF-kappaB Cell Death and Differentiation, 2021;0(0):. 2021 [PMID: 34839354] (Bioassay, Human) Bioassay Human
R Ibarra, HR Borror, B Hart, RG Gardner, G Kleiger The San1 Ubiquitin Ligase Avidly Recognizes Misfolded Proteins through Multiple Substrate Binding Sites Biomolecules, 2021;11(11):. 2021 [PMID: 34827617] (Bioassay, Human) Bioassay Human
C Mukhopadhy, C Yang, L Xu, D Liu, Y Wang, D Huang, LD Deonarine, J Cyrta, E Davicioni, A Sboner, BD Robinson, AM Chinnaiyan, MA Rubin, CE Barbieri, P Zhou G3BP1 inhibits Cul3SPOP to amplify AR signaling and promote prostate cancer Nature Communications, 2021;12(1):6662. 2021 [PMID: 34795264] (Bioassay, Human) Bioassay Human
Q Zhu, J Huang, H Huang, H Li, P Yi, JA Kloeber, J Yuan, Y Chen, M Deng, K Luo, M Gao, G Guo, X Tu, P Yin, Y Zhang, J Su, J Chen, Z Lou RNF19A-mediated ubiquitination of BARD1 prevents BRCA1/BARD1-dependent homologous recombination Nature Communications, 2021;12(1):6653. 2021 [PMID: 34789768] (Bioassay, Human) Bioassay Human
T Mahlokozer, B Patel, H Chen, P Desouza, X Qu, DD Mao, D Hafez, W Yang, R Taiwo, M Paturu, A Salehi, AD Gujar, GP Dunn, N Mosammapar, AA Petti, H Yano, AH Kim Competitive binding of E3 ligases TRIM26 and WWP2 controls SOX2 in glioblastoma Nature Communications, 2021;12(1):6321. 2021 [PMID: 34732716] (Bioassay, Human) Bioassay Human
H Bunch, J Jeong, K Kang, DS Jo, ATQ Cong, D Kim, D Kim, DH Cho, YM Lee, BPC Chen, MJ Schellenbe, SK Calderwood BRCA1-BARD1 regulates transcription through modulating topoisomerase IIbeta Open Biology, 2021;11(10):210221. 2021 [PMID: 34610268] (Enzyme Assay, Human) Enzyme Assay Human
RK Manne, Y Agrawal, SK Malonia, S Banday, S Edachery, A Patel, A Kumar, P Shetty, MK Santra FBXL20 promotes breast cancer malignancy by inhibiting apoptosis through degradation of PUMA and BAX The Journal of Biological Chemistry, 2021;0(0):101253. 2021 [PMID: 34587475] (Bioassay, Human) Bioassay Human
Y Liu, C Qin, Y Rao, C Ngo, JJ Feng, J Zhao, S Zhang, TY Wang, J Carriere, AC Savas, M Zarinfar, S Rice, H Yang, W Yuan, JA Camarero, J Yu, XS Chen, C Zhang, P Feng SARS-CoV-2 Nsp5 Demonstrates Two Distinct Mechanisms Targeting RIG-I and MAVS To Evade the Innate Immune Response MBio, 2021;0(0):e0233521. 2021 [PMID: 34544279] (Bioassay, Escherichia coli) Bioassay Escherichia coli
Show All 94 Publications.

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Blogs on Ubiquitin.

There's an autophagy for that!
By Christina Towers, PhDA critical mechanism that cells use to generate nutrients and fuel metabolism is through a process called autophagy.  This process is complex and involves over 20 different proteins, most of which are highly conserved acro...  Read full blog post.

Article Review: Glucose-induced transcriptional regulation in cancer
Epigenetic mechanisms have been implicated in many physiological and pathophysiological processes. Among these, histone modifications including methylation, phosphorylation, acetylation and ubiquitination, significantly modify gene expression. In c...  Read full blog post.

PINK1: All work and no fun
The protein PINK1 is a mitochondrial-located serine/threonine kinase (PTK) that maintains organelle function and integrity. It not only protects organelles from cellular stress, but it also uses the selective auto-phagocytosis process for cleaning and...  Read full blog post.

Ubiquitin-Mediated Degradation of Cellular Proteins: The Kiss of Death
Ubiquitin is an abundant and essential cellular 9-kd protein that is conserved across evolution from yeast to humans. Ubiquitin is used by cells as a covalent modifier of other proteins both to activate their function and to target them for degradatio...  Read full blog post.

Using Ubiquitin Antibodies in Various Disease Research
Ubiquitin is a small, highly conserved protein which plays an important role in protein breakdown, covalently bonding to proteins to mark them for proteolytic degradation in a process called ubiquitination. Ubiquitin also binds to inclusion bodies (ac...  Read full blog post.

The Heat is On: Heat Shock Proteins and the Link to Cancer
Novus Biologicals offers an extensive antibody catalog targeting heat shock proteins (HSPs). A large protein group covering a number of families, the HSPs are functionally related by their dramatic upregulation in response to stress. Stress triggers m...  Read full blog post.

The Latest Research on IBR-type E3 Ubiquitin Ligases
E3 ubiquitin ligases are standards in most antibody catalogs. These proteins are essential to the process of ubiquitination, which is expressed in protein pathways throughout the body and is often linked to disease states. It is widely used as a bioma...  Read full blog post.

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Bioinformatics

Gene Symbol UBB
Uniprot