PDK4 Antibody [DyLight 405]

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Product Details

Summary
Reactivity Hu, RtSpecies Glossary
Applications WB, ICC/IF
Clonality
Polyclonal
Host
Rabbit
Conjugate
DyLight 405

PDK4 Antibody [DyLight 405] Summary

Immunogen
Synthetic peptide made to an internal portion of the human PDK4 protein (within residues 200-250). [Swiss-Prot# Q16654]
Localization
Mitochondrion matrix.
Predicted Species
Rat (94%). Backed by our 100% Guarantee.
Isotype
IgG
Clonality
Polyclonal
Host
Rabbit
Gene
PDK4
Purity
Immunogen affinity purified
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Applications/Dilutions

Dilutions
  • Western Blot
  • Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence
Application Notes
This PDK4 antibody is useful for Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence and Western blot, where a band is seen at ~49 kDa. In ICC/IF mitochondrial staining was observed in HeLa cells.

The observed molecular weight of the protein may vary from the listed predicted molecular weight due to post translational modifications, post translation cleavages, relative charges, and other experimental factors.
Theoretical MW
49 kDa.
Disclaimer note: The observed molecular weight of the protein may vary from the listed predicted molecular weight due to post translational modifications, post translation cleavages, relative charges, and other experimental factors.

Reactivity Notes

Human. Immunogen sequence has 94% homology with rat and 88% homology with mouse.

Packaging, Storage & Formulations

Storage
Store at 4C in the dark.
Buffer
50mM Sodium Borate
Preservative
0.05% Sodium Azide
Purity
Immunogen affinity purified

Notes

Dylight (R) is a trademark of Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc. and its subsidiaries. This conjugate is made on demand. Actual recovery may vary from the stated volume of this product. The volume will be greater than or equal to the unit size stated on the datasheet.

Alternate Names for PDK4 Antibody [DyLight 405]

  • [Pyruvate dehydrogenase [lipoamide]] kinase isozyme 4, mitochondrial
  • EC 2.7.11
  • EC 2.7.11.2
  • FLJ40832
  • Pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase isoform 4
  • pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase, isoenzyme 4
  • pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase, isozyme 4
  • pyruvate dehydrogenase, lipoamide, kinase isozyme 4, mitochondrial

Background

PDK4 (pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase isoform 4) is expressed ubiquitously in the mitochondrion matrix of tissues with highest expression seen in liver, heart and skeletal muscles. PDK4 is regulated by glucocorticoids, retinoic acid and insulin, and is found elevated with diabetes, fasting and other conditions where fatty acids act as energy source. Under starvation/diabetic conditions, enhanced glucocorticoids levels activate glucocorticoid receptor thereby recruiting p300/CBP coactivator complex to PDK4 gene where it cooperatively interact with FOXO factors and activated RARs to make a stable transcriptional initiation complex responsible for PDK4 activation. Insulin promotes inactivation and translocation of FOXO factors from nucleus to cytoplasm and thereby suppresses glucocorticoid-stimulated PDK4 gene transcription. PDK4 inhibits the mitochondrial pyruvate dehydrogenase complex (PDC) via its E1 alpha subunit's phosphorylation, thus contributing to glucose metabolism regulation. Insulin resistance is associated with PDC dysregulation in skeletal muscles and excessive insulin on the other hand downregulates PDK4 expression. PDK4 exerts conservation of glucose as well as three-carbon compounds such as lactate, alanine, pyruvate etc. which serve as substrates for gluconeogenesis and this conservation helps maintain euglycemia during starvation, however, exacerbates hyperglycemia in diabetes.

Limitations

This product is for research use only and is not approved for use in humans or in clinical diagnosis. Primary Antibodies are guaranteed for 1 year from date of receipt.

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Product General Protocols

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Video Protocols

WB Video Protocol
ICC/IF Video Protocol

FAQs for PDK4 Antibody (NBP1-07049V). (Showing 1 - 1 of 1 FAQ).

  1. Which PDK4 antibody do you recommend for immunoblot? I'm working with human cell lines.
    • NBP1-07047 and NBP1-07049 are our best selling PDK4 antibodies that will meet your mentioned criteria i.e. Immunoblot/Western Blot in Human samples. However, all of our products are 100% guaranteed and you may find a complete list of PDK4 antibodies by searching PDK4 on our website and narrowing your results using the filters on the left-hand side of the screen.

Secondary Antibodies

 

Isotype Controls

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Bioinformatics

Gene Symbol PDK4