Transcriptional co-activators Yap1 and Taz control growth and development

Bad news for stomach cancer: BAMBI protein inhibits gastric carcinoma via TGF-beta/epithelial-mesenchymal transition signaling

Beta Tubulin III and neurogenesis

Beta tubulin III, also known as Tuj-1, is a class III member of the beta tubulin protein family. Beta tubulins are one of two structural components that form our microtubule network.

Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition (EMT) Markers

Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition (EMT) is the trans-differentiation of stationary epithelial cells into motile mesenchymal cells. During EMT, epithelial cells lose their junctions and apical-basal polarity, reorganize their cytoskeleton, undergo a change in the signaling cascade that defines cell shape and reprograms gene expression. Collectively, these changes increase the motility of individual cells and enables the development of an invasive phenotype.

CD63: is it pro-metastatic or anti-metastatic?

CD63 is a type II membrane protein belonging to tetraspanin superfamily and it play key roles in the activation of several cellular signaling cascades along with acting as TIMP1 receptor. It is expressed by activated platelets, monocytes, macrophages, granulocytes, T /B cells, and different type of cancer cells. CD63 localizes to endosomes, lysosomes and on the cellular surfaces, and is often considered as a marker for late endosomes as well as for lysosomes.

MMP24 (Matrix metalloproteinase-24, matrix metalloproteinase-25, MT5-MMP)

MMP24 is an extracellular matrix (ECM) degradative peptidase enzyme that is a member of the large family of matrix metalloproteinases (MMP). Each MMP has a different substrate specificity, and the aberrant or derailed expression of these is strongly correlated with unregulated events such as tumor invasion, metastasis, angiogenesis, and arthritis. This is in contrast to the tightly controlled normal physiological processes such as tissue remodeling, reproduction, rebuilding, and embryonic development. Deregulation often occurs through the loss of negative checks.