Recombinant Porcine IL-1 alpha/IL-1F1 Protein, CF

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Product Details

Summary
Reactivity PoSpecies Glossary
Applications Bioactivity
Format
Carrier-Free

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Recombinant Porcine IL-1 alpha/IL-1F1 Protein, CF Summary

Details of Functionality
Measured in a cell proliferation assay using D10.G4.1 mouse helper T cells. Symons, J.A. et al. (1987) in Lymphokines and Interferons, a Practical Approach. Clemens, M.J. et al. (eds): IRL Press. 272. The ED50 for this effect is 10-60 pg/mL.
Source
E. coli-derived porcine IL-1 alpha/IL-1F1 protein
Gln119-Ser270 with an N-terminal Met
Accession #
N-terminal Sequence
Met
Protein/Peptide Type
Recombinant Proteins
Gene
IL1A
Purity
>97%, by SDS-PAGE under reducing conditions and visualized by silver stain
Endotoxin Note
<0.10 EU per 1 μg of the protein by the LAL method.

Applications/Dilutions

Theoretical MW
17.5 kDa.
Disclaimer note: The observed molecular weight of the protein may vary from the listed predicted molecular weight due to post translational modifications, post translation cleavages, relative charges, and other experimental factors.
SDS-PAGE
18.5 kDa, reducing conditions
Publications
Read Publications using
680-PI/CF in the following applications:

Packaging, Storage & Formulations

Storage
Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
  • 3 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Buffer
Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS and DTT.
Purity
>97%, by SDS-PAGE under reducing conditions and visualized by silver stain
Reconstitution Instructions
Reconstitute at 100 μg/mL in sterile PBS.

Notes

This product is produced by and ships from R&D Systems, Inc., a Bio-Techne brand.

Alternate Names for Recombinant Porcine IL-1 alpha/IL-1F1 Protein, CF

  • Hematopoietin-1
  • IL1 alpha
  • IL-1 alpha
  • IL1
  • IL1A
  • IL-1A
  • IL1-ALPHA
  • IL-1F1
  • IL1F1hematopoietin-1
  • interleukin 1, alpha
  • interleukin-1 alpha
  • preinterleukin 1 alpha
  • pro-interleukin-1-alpha

Background

Interleukin 1 (IL-1) is a name that designates two proteins, IL-1 alpha  and IL-1 beta, that are the products of distinct genes, but show approximately 25% amino acid sequence identity and recognize the same cell surface receptors. Although IL-1 production is generally considered to be a consequence of inflammation, evidence suggests that IL-1 is also temporarily upregulated during bone formation and the menstrual cycle and can be induced in response to nervous system stimulation. In response to stimuli produced by inflammatory agents, infections, or microbial endotoxins, a dramatic increase in the production of IL-1 by macrophages and various other cells is seen. Cells in particular known to produce IL-1 include osteoblasts, monocytes, macrophages, keratinocytes, Kupffer cells, hepatocytes, thymic and salivary gland epithelium, Schwann cells, fibroblasts and glia (oligodendroglia, astrocytes and microglia).

IL-1 alpha and IL-1 beta are both synthesized as 31 kDa precursors that are subsequently cleaved into proteins with molecular weights of approximately 17,000. Neither precursor contains a typical hydrophobic signal peptide sequence and most of the precursor form of IL-1 alpha remains in the cytosol of cells, although there is evidence for a membrane-bound form of the precursor form of IL-1 alpha. The IL-1 alpha precursor reportedly shows full biological activity in the EL-4 assay. Among various species, the amino acid sequence of mature IL-1 alpha is conserved 60% to 70% and porcine IL-1 has been found to be biologically active on murine cell lines. Both forms of IL-1 bind to the same receptors, designated as type I and type II. Evidence suggests that only the type I receptor is capable of signal transduction and that the type II receptor may function as a decoy, binding IL-1 and thus preventing the binding of IL-1 to the type I receptor.

  1. Dower, S.K. and J.E. Sims, in Guidebook to Cytokines and their receptors (1994) N.A. Nicole, ed. Oxford University Press, NY p. 17.

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Publications for IL-1 alpha/IL-1F1 (680-PI/CF)(4)

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Bioinformatics

Gene Symbol IL1A
Entrez
Uniprot