Measured by its ability to inhibit anti-CD3 antibody induced IL-2 secretion in human T lymphocytes. The presence of Recombinant Mouse B7-H4 at 10 µg/mL inhibited the anti-CD3 response by >30%. Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application.
Mouse myeloma cell line, NS0-derived mouse B7-H4 protein Phe29-Pro258, with a C-terminal 10-His tag
>95%, by SDS-PAGE visualized with Silver Staining and quantitative densitometry by Coomassie® Blue Staining.
<0.10 EU per 1 μg of the protein by the LAL method.
26.6 kDa. Disclaimer note: The observed molecular weight of the protein may vary from the listed predicted molecular weight due to post translational modifications, post translation cleavages, relative charges, and other experimental factors.
B7-H4, also known as B7x and B7S1, is a 50‑80 kDa glycosylated member of the B7 family of immune co‑stimulatory proteins (1, 2). Mature mouse B7-H4 consists of a 230 amino acid (aa) extracellular domain (ECD) with one Ig-like V-set domain and one Ig‑like C2‑set domain which is followed by a hydrophobic C‑terminal region (3‑5). Within the ECD, mouse B7‑H4 shares 90% and 99% aa sequence identity with human and rat B7‑H4, respectively. It shares 21%‑29% aa sequence identity with mouse B7‑1, B7‑2, B7‑H1, B7‑H2, B7‑H3, and PD‑L2. B7‑H4 is expressed on the surface of activated lymphocytes, macrophages, monocytes, dendritic cells, epithelial cells, and bone marrow‑derived mesenchymal stem cells (4‑8). Its binding to activated T cells dampens T cell responses and induces cell cycle arrest in the T cell (3‑5). Reverse signaling can induce either cell cycle arrest or apoptosis in the B7‑H4 expressing cell (9, 10). B7‑H4 is up‑regulated in several carcinomas in correlation with tumor progression and metastasis (2, 7, 11, 12). A soluble form of B7‑H4 is elevated in the serum of ovarian cancer, renal cell carcinoma, and rheumatoid arthritis patients, also in correlation with advanced disease status (13‑15). Soluble B7‑H4 functions as a decoy molecule that blocks the inhibitory influence of B7‑H4 on immune activation (15). Despite evidence for the involvement of B7‑H4 in immune regulation, mice deficient in its expression do not show significant immune deficiencies, suggesting compensation by other molecules in vivo (16).
Yi, K.H. and L. Chen (2009) Immunol. Rev. 229:145.
Salceda, S. et al. (2005) Exp. Cell Res. 306:128.
Zang, X. et al. (2003) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 100:10388.
Prasad, V.R. et al. (2003) Immunity 18:863.
Sica, G.L. et al. (2003) Immunity 18:849.
Kryczek, I. et al. (2006) J. Exp. Med. 203:871.
Tringler, B. et al. (2005) Clin. Cancer Res. 11:1842.
Xue, Q. et al. (2010) Stem Cells Dev. 19:27.
Song, H. et al. (2008) Cancer Lett. 266:227.
Park, G.B. et al. (2009) Immunology 128:360.
Zang, X. et al. (2007) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 104:19458.
Krambeck, A.E. et al. (2006) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 103:10391.
Simon, I. et al. (2006) Cancer Res. 66:1570.
Thompson, R.H. et al. (2008) Cancer Res. 68:6054.
Azuma, T. et al. (2009) PloS Med. 6:e1000166.
Suh, W.-K. et al. (2006) Mol. Cell. Biol. 26:6403.
The concentration calculator allows you to quickly calculate the volume, mass or concentration of your vial. Simply enter your mass, volume, or concentration values for your reagent and the calculator will determine the rest.
Review this Product
Be the first to review our Recombinant Mouse B7-H4 His-tag Protein, CF and receive a gift card or discount.