Recombinant Human KIR2DL1/CD158a Fc Chimera Protein, CF Summary
Details of Functionality
Measured by its ability to bind KG‑1A human acute myelogenous leukemia cells in a flow cytometry assay. When 250 ng of Recombinant Human KIR2DL1/CD158a Fc Chimera is added to 1 x 106 KG-1A cells, >55% of the cells will bind to the protein.
Mouse myeloma cell line, NS0-derived human KIR2DL1/CD158a protein
Human KIR2DL1/CD158a (His22-Arg242) Accession # P43626
<0.10 EU per 1 μg of the protein by the LAL method.
51 kDa (monomer). Disclaimer note: The observed molecular weight of the protein may vary from the listed predicted molecular weight due to post translational modifications, post translation cleavages, relative charges, and other experimental factors.
KIR2DL1 (2DL1, formerly NKAT1, designated CD158a) is a 348 amino acid (aa) type I transmembrane glycoprotein that belongs to the human killer cell Ig-like receptor (KIR) family (1, 2). KIRs are expressed on human CD56dim NK cells and T cell subsets, and regulate effector functions in the innate immune system (1-3). KIRs are named for the number of Ig-like domains (2D or 3D) in the extracellular domain (ECD), and whether they have long or short (L, S) cytoplasmic tails (1-3). Individuals will express varying subsets of inhibiting and activating KIRs with varying polymorphisms (1, 4). Like other inhibiting KIRs, KIR2DL1 has two ITIM domains within its long tail that block activating receptor clustering (2, 5). Within the ECD, KIR2DL1 shares high aa sequence identity (92%) with KIR2DL2. KIR2DL1 targets Lys80-containing HLA-C2 allotypes while KIR2DL2 rather recognizes Ans80 containing HLA-C1 (1, 6-8). Three KIRs proteins together (2DL1-3) recognize and inhibit NK cytotoxicity against cells expressing any HLA-C allotype, allowing self-recognition, but also conferring susceptibility to leukemia (1-3). In primary human NK cell clones, KIR2DL1 regulates the level of MHC I proteins expression required for NK cell inhibition (9).
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