Recombinant E. coli Glycerol Kinase Protein, CF


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Product Details

Reactivity EcSpecies Glossary
Applications Enzyme Activity

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Recombinant E. coli Glycerol Kinase Protein, CF Summary

Details of Functionality
Measured by its ability to transfer phosphate from ATP to glycerol. The specific activity is >1,500 pmol/min/μg, as measured under the described conditions.
E. coli-derived e. coli Glycerol Kinase protein
Met1-Glu502, with a C-terminal 6-His tag
Accession #
N-terminal Sequence
Protein/Peptide Type
Recombinant Enzymes
>75%, by SDS-PAGE under reducing conditions and visualized by Colloidal Coomassie® Blue stain at 5 μg per lane
Endotoxin Note
<1.0 EU per 1 μg of the protein by the LAL method.


Theoretical MW
57 kDa.
Disclaimer note: The observed molecular weight of the protein may vary from the listed predicted molecular weight due to post translational modifications, post translation cleavages, relative charges, and other experimental factors.
52-55 kDa, reducing conditions

Packaging, Storage & Formulations

Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 6 months from date of receipt, -70 °C as supplied.
  • 3 months, -70 °C under sterile conditions after opening.
Supplied as a 0.2 μm filtered solution in Tris, NaCl, Glycerol, Brij-35 and DTT.
>75%, by SDS-PAGE under reducing conditions and visualized by Colloidal Coomassie® Blue stain at 5 μg per lane
Assay Procedure
  • Assay Buffer (1X): 25 mM HEPES, 150 mM NaCl, 10 mM MgCl2, 10 mM CaCl2, pH 7.0
  • Recombinant E. coli Glycerol Kinase (rE.coli glpK) (Catalog # 7849-GK)
  • Donor Substrate: Adenosine triphosphate (provided in kit)
  • Acceptor Substrate: Glycerol (J.T. Baker, Catalog # 4043), 100 mM in deionized water
  • Universal Kinase Activity Kit (Catalog # EA004)
  • 96-well Clear Plate (Costar, Catalog # 92592)
  • Plate Reader (Model: SpectraMax Plus by Molecular Devices) or equivalent
  1. Dilute 1 mM Phosphate Standard by adding 40 µL of the 1 mM Phosphate Standard to 360 µL of Assay Buffer for a 100 µM stock. This is the first point of the standard curve.
  2. Continue standard curve by performing six one-half serial dilutions of the 100 µM Phosphate stock in Assay Buffer. The standard curve has a range of 0.078 to 5 nmol per well.
  3. Create a reaction mixture containing 0.5 mM ATP and 12.5 mM Glycerol in Assay Buffer.
  4. Dilute rE.coli glpK to 2.5 µg/mL in Assay Buffer.
  5. Dilute Coupling Enzyme to 10 µg/mL in Assay Buffer.
  6. Load 50 µL of each dilution of the standard curve into a plate. Include a curve blank containing 50 μL of Assay Buffer.
  7. Load 20 µL of the 2.5 µg/mL rE.coli glpK into the plate. Include a Control containing 20 µL of Assay Buffer.
  8. Load 10 µL of the 10 µg/mL Coupling Phosphatase into the wells containing enzyme and blanks.
  9. Load 20 µL of the reaction mixture into the wells containing enzyme and blanks to start the reactions.
  10. Incubate sealed plate at room temperature for 10 minutes.
  11. Add 30 µL of the Malachite Green Reagent A to all wells. Mix briefly.
  12. Add 100 µL of deionized water to all wells. Mix briefly.
  13. Add 30 µL of the Malachite Green Reagent B to all wells. Mix and incubate for 20 minutes at room temperature.
  14. Read plate at 620 nm (absorbance) in endpoint mode.
  15. Calculate specific activity:

     Specific Activity (pmol/min/µg) =

Phosphate released* (nmol) x (1000 pmol/nmol)
Incubation time (min) x amount of enzyme (µg) x coupling rate**

     *Derived from the phosphate standard curve using linear or 4-parameter fitting and adjusted for Control.
     **Experimentally derived (6). Under the assay conditions, the coupling rate is 0.475.

Per Reaction:
  • rE.coli glpK: 0.05 µg
  • ATP: 10 nmol
  • Glycerol: 250 nmol
  • Coupling Phosphatase 4: 0.1 µg


Coomassie is a registered trademark of Imperial Chemical Industries Ltd.

This product is produced by and ships from R&D Systems, Inc., a Bio-Techne brand.

Alternate Names for Recombinant E. coli Glycerol Kinase Protein, CF

  • ATP:glycerol 3-phosphotransferase
  • EC
  • GK
  • GK1
  • GKD
  • glpK
  • Glycerokinase
  • Glycerol Kinase


Glycerol kinase from E. coli (glpK) catalyzes the ATP-dependent phosphorylation of glycerol to produce sn-glycerol-3-phosphate (G3P), the first and rate-limiting step in the utilization of glycerol (1). In the presence of glycerol, glpK is stimulated by interaction with the membrane-bound glycerol facilitator (2). In the presence of glucose, glpK activity is allosterically inhibited by fructose-1,6-bisphosphate (FBP) of the glycolytic pathway (3). Under physiological conditions, the enzyme is in an equilibrium between the active dimer and the inactive tetramer. FBP binds to and stabilizes the inactive form, therefore shifting the usage of glycerol metabolic pathway to glycolytic pathway (4). glpK is also inhibited by phosphocarrier protein IIAGlc by a regulatory mechanism distinct from that of FBP (5). GlpK is a member of a superfamily of ATPases that includes actin, hexokinase and the heat shock protein hsc70. Although these proteins are dissimilar in amino acid sequence and function, they share similar tertiary folds and likely the same catalytic mechanism. The enzyme activity was measured using a phosphatase-coupled kinase assay (6).
  1. Pettigrew, D.W. et al. (1988) J. Biol. Chem. 263: 135.
  2. Voegele, R.T. et al. (1993) J. Bacteriol. 175:1087.
  3. Applebee, M.K. et al. (2011) J. Biol. Chem. 286: 23150.
  4. Hurley, J.H. et al. (1993) Science 259:673.
  5. Feese, M.D. et al. (1998) Structure 6:1407.
  6. Wu, Z.L. (2011) PLoS ONE 6(8): e23172.

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Gene Symbol glpK