BID Antibody

Images

 
Western Blot: Bid Antibody [NB100-56108] - Analysis of Bid using this antibody. this antibody. Bax, or Bad. These results show that this antibody.
Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: Bid Antibody [NB100-56108] - Staining of Mouse Embryos. 1:2000. A. Intrauterine embryo at E.95 dpc (days post conception). B. 10.5-11 dpc Embryo isolated from the yolk sac. ...read more
Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: Bid Antibody [NB100-56108] - Staining of Human tissue sections. 1:2000. A and A1, Adult Pancreas. B and B1, Adult mesencephalon (midbrain). A1 and B1 are higher magnifications of A and B, ...read more

Product Details

Summary
Reactivity Hu, Mu, RtSpecies Glossary
Applications WB, IHC, IHC-P, IP
Clonality
Polyclonal
Host
Rabbit
Conjugate
Unconjugated

Order Details

BID Antibody Summary

Immunogen
A synthetic peptide corresponding to amino acids 28-50 (CSDNSFRRELDALGHELPVLAPQ) of human Bid (also known as Bid, isoform 2) was used as immunogen; GenBank no. NP_001187.1. Human Bid is a 195 amino acid protein.
Specificity
Full-length Bid is known to undergo cleavage/truncation (reviewed in Yin, 2006). Bid was initially found to be cleaved and activated by capspase-8 following death receptor activation. The term "Bid" was first used to described the caspase-8 cleaved/truncated C-terminal Bid. Bid can be also cleaved by other proteases such as Granzyme B, calpains and cathepsin. The C-terminal portion is considered to be the active Bid moiety. This active form can translocate from the cytosol to the mitochondria. Therefore, the appearance of Bid in the mitochondria is considered to be an indication of active Bid. However, it should also be noted that Bid has been shown to translocate to the mitochondria without cleavage in some model systems. The proteolytic cleavage of Bid usually occurs in the unstructured loop region between the alpha 2 and alpha 3 helices, which is between amino acids (aa) 41 and 79 of Bid. For example, the caspase-8/3 cleavage site is at 60 (human) and 59 (mouse). It should be noted that after cleavage, the smaller N-terminal portion of Bid is not necessarily separated from the larger C-terminal portion. The exact size of the C-terminal cleavage products depends on the Bid cleavage sites; generally 11-15 kDa C-truncated cleavage forms are generated. Shorter C-terminal Bid cleavage products may result from protease cleavage that involves both caspases and other proteases. Full length Bid is quite stable, but cleaved/truncated forms may have a short half-life (less than 1.5 h) and degrade rapidly. Therefore, a time course may be useful when detecting Bid cleavage fragments.
Isotype
IgG
Clonality
Polyclonal
Host
Rabbit
Gene
BID
Purity
Unpurified
Innovator's Reward
Test in a species/application not listed above to receive a full credit towards a future purchase.

Applications/Dilutions

Dilutions
  • Western Blot 1:1000-1:2000
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin 1:1000-1:5000
  • Immunoprecipitation 1:50-1:200
Positive Control
BID Lysate (NBL1-07978)
Publications
Read Publication using
NB100-56108 in the following applications:

  • 1 publication
  • WB
    1 publication

Reactivity Notes

Cross reacts with Gerbil, Human, Mouse and Rat.

Packaging, Storage & Formulations

Storage
Store at 4C short term. Aliquot and store at -20C long term. Avoid freeze-thaw cycles.
Buffer
Whole antisera
Preservative
0.05% Sodium Azide
Purity
Unpurified

Alternate Names for BID Antibody

  • apoptic death agonist
  • BH3 interacting domain death agonist
  • BH3-interacting domain death agonist
  • BID isoform ES(1b)
  • BID isoform L(2)
  • BID isoform Si6
  • BID
  • desmocollin type 4
  • FP497
  • Human BID coding sequence
  • MGC15319
  • MGC42355
  • p22 BID

Background

The Bcl-2 family of apoptosis-related genes plays central roles in regulating apoptotic pathways (reviewed in Thomadaki and Scorilas, 2006). Regulation of cell death through apoptosis is critical for the maintenance of homeostasis, defense against infectious agents, and normal development. Bcl-2 family proteins regulate apoptosis primarily through the regulation of mitochondrial outer membrane permeability. In mammals, the family consists of both prosurvival (antiapoptotic) and proapoptotic (prodeath) members. Cellular homeostasis is thought to be dependent on a balance between the actions of prosurvival and proapoptotic proteins. Bcl-2 family proteins can be divided into 3 main subfamilies on the basis of their function and the content of their Bcl-2 homology (BH) domains, for example: 1) Prosurvival: Bcl-2, Bcl-XL, Bcl-W, A1, and Mcl-1 2) Proapoptotic (multidomain): Bax, Bak, and Bok. 3) BH3-only (proapoptotic): Bad, Bcl-XS, Bid, Bik, Bim, Blk, Bmf, Bnip, Noxa, and Puma. Prosurvival members inhibit cells from undergoing apoptosis, whereas proapoptotic and BH3-only subfamily members promote apoptosis. There are 4 BH domains (1-4) conserved among Bcl-2 family proteins. The BH domains are important for function as well as for heterodimerization between family members. Typical prosurvival family members have all four BH domains (1-4), whereas proapoptotic (multidomain) members have BH1, 2 and 3 domains and BH3-only members have only the BH3 domain. Overall, the relative ratio of prosurvival and proapoptotic proteins determines the suseptibility of a cell to various apoptotic stimuli. Many Bcl-2 family proteins are differentially expressed in various malignancies and some are useful prognostic biomarkers. Prosurvival proteins are often elevated in diverse cancers and have the potential to confer resistance to both endogenous cell death stimuli and cancer treatments. Alterations in the ratio or levels of Bcl-2 family proteins have been also associated with nonmalignant diseases including neurodegenerative diseases, autoimmune diseases, AIDs, Down's syndrome, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, glomerulonephritis, and muscular dystrophy. Recognizes Bid (approx. 19-23 kDa) Bid. It also recognizes cleaved/truncated forms which contain amino acids 28-55. The C-terminal cleaved/truncated form (11-15 kDa), often referred as tBid in the literature, is not predicted to contain amino acids 28-55 (reviewed in Yin, 2006). However, may recognize tBid in cases where the smaller N-terminal portion (containing amino acids 1-55) of Bid has not separated from the larger C-terminal portion.

Limitations

This product is for research use only and is not approved for use in humans or in clinical diagnosis. Primary Antibodies are guaranteed for 1 year from date of receipt.

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Publications for BID Antibody (NB100-56108)(1)

We have publications tested in 3 confirmed species: Mouse, Rat, Canine.

We have publications tested in 2 applications: IHC-P, WB.


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Positive Control Lysate(s)

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Blogs on BID.

Apoptosis and Necroptosis Part I: Important factors to identify both types of programmed cell death
Different types of cell death have classically been identified by discrete morphological changes. The hallmarks of apoptosis include cell shrinkage, nuclear fragmentation and membrane blebbing whereas necroptosis is characterized by cell swelling...  Read full blog post.

The use of apoptosis antibodies and controls in cell death research
Apoptosis is a method of programmed cell death that is notably characterized by a morphological change in cellular nuclei and membrane appearance.  Not to be confused with necrosis, apoptosis is a pathway that is induced by a variety of factors tha...  Read full blog post.

The role of p53 in UV radiation DNA damage and subsequent tumorogenesis
p53, the protein product of the tp53 gene, is one of the most widely studied tumor suppressor proteins in cancer research.  p53 is unique in that it demonstrates both tumor suppressive and tumor progressive properties depending on whether it is fu...  Read full blog post.

active/cleaved Caspase 2 - Inducing apoptosis in response to cellular stress
Caspase-2 is a highly conserved member of the caspase family involved in the initiation and execution of apoptosis. While its function is still poorly understood, caspase-2 is thought to be important for apoptosis in response to DNA damage, bacteri...  Read full blog post.

Bcl-2 - an antiapoptotic protein with an important role in cancer cell survival
B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2) protein is an oncogene that normally acts as an apoptotic inhibitor and localizes to the mitochondrial membrane where it prevents the release of cytochrome c. The Bcl-2 protein family consists of over 20 proteins each co...  Read full blog post.

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Bioinformatics

Gene Symbol BID
Entrez