In diploid eukaryotic cells, the chromatin fibers are about 20nM in diameter. They consist of two major components in equal amounts, DNA and basic proteins called histones. Histones are believed to be regularly arranged in the deep grove of the DNA helix. The recurring positive charges of the histones form electrostatic associations with the negatively charged phosphate groups of DNA making the DNA more stable and flexible. This allows for the supercoiling of the chromatin fibers.
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The role of DNMT3A in development Epigenetics is the study of heritable change in gene activity despite alteration of the hosts DNA sequence. Change in gene activity done independently of the DNA sequence is achieved by way of histone and DNA methylation. Gene silencing in DNA ... Read full blog post.
Histone H3 Eukaryotic chromosomes are formed through the highly organized and structural wrapping of DNA genetic material around histone proteins into the classic "bead on a string" globular structure of nucleosomes. The histone family consists of five family me... Read full blog post.
EZH2: Epigenetic Regulation Made Easy! Enhancer of Zeste homolog 2 (EZH2) is the methyltransferase enzyme responsible for trimethylating lysine 27 on histone H3 to produce H3K27Me3. EZH2 is a polycomb group protein that is an essential epigenetic regulator that is often found deregulated i... Read full blog post.