This antibody works in Western Blot, Immunoassay and Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin WB:it recognizes alpha-DG as protein of ~130 kD, especially after enrichment of the lysates for dystroglycans Use in Immunocytochemistry/immunofluorescence reported in scientific literature (PMID 27015747)
Read Publications using NBP1-49634 in the following applications:
Please note that this antibody is reactive to Mouse and derived from the same host, Mouse. Additional Mouse on Mouse blocking steps may be required for IHC and ICC experiments. Please contact Technical Support for more information.
Packaging, Storage & Formulations
Store at 4C. Do not freeze.
0.2 um filtered solution in PBS and 0.1% BSA
0.02% Sodium Azide
Protein A or G purified
Alternate Names for Alpha Dystroglycan Antibody (2238)
Monoclonal antibody 2238 recognizes a glycoepitope unique to brain alpha-dystroglycan. Alpha-dystroglycan (alpha-DG), also known as dystrophin-associated glycoprotein, is a laminin-binding protein of ~156 kDa (including glyco-groups). Alpha-DG is a component of the dystroglycan complex, which is involved in early development, morphogenesis and in the pathogenesis of muscular dystrophies. Alpha- and beta-DG are encoded by a single gene and are derived from a precursor polypeptide by posttranslational cleavage. Beta-DG is an integral membrane protein, whereas alpha-DG is membrane-associated through its noncovalent interaction with the extracellular domain of beta-DG. The alpha- and beta-DGs provide important physical linkages between components of basement membranes and cytoplasmic proteins that bind to the actin cytoskeleton. Alpha-DG is a heavily glycosylated, mucin-like protein anchored on the extracellular surface of the myotube, where it may provide linkage between the sarcolemma and extracellular matrix (ECM). Alpha-DG is expressed in a variety of fetal and adult tissues. Tissue-specific glycosylation modifies the laminin specificity of alpha-DG. The muscle and nonmuscle isoforms of dystroglycan differ by carbohydrate moieties but not protein sequence. Alpha-DG has been shown to colocalize with laminin in skeletal and cardiac muscle and a number of other cells including peripheral nerve, astrocytes, Purkinje neurons and kidney epithelium. Laminin-10/11 was shown to bind preferentially to brain alpha-DG. In Duchenne muscular dystrophy, the expression of alpha-DG is dramatically reduced leading to a loss of linkage between the sarcolemma and extracellular matrix, rendering muscle fibers more susceptible to necrosis. In the central nervous system, dystroglycan functions as a dual receptor for agrin and laminin-2 for instance in the Schwann cell membrane. Furthermore, defects in dystroglycan are central to the pathogenesis of structural and functional brain abnormalities seen in congenital muscular dystrophies (CMD).
This product is for research use only and is not approved for use in humans or in clinical diagnosis. Primary Antibodies are guaranteed for 1 year from date of receipt.
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