Recombinant Human IL-36 gamma/IL-1F9 Protein, CF

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Product Details

Summary
Reactivity HuSpecies Glossary
Applications Binding Activity
Format
Carrier-Free

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Recombinant Human IL-36 gamma/IL-1F9 Protein, CF Summary

Additional Information
A New rh IL-36g is Available! It has ~1000 fold better activity and lower endotoxin specification!
Details of Functionality
Measured by its binding ability in a functional ELISA. Immobilized recombinant human IL-36 gamma  at 1 µg/mL (100 µL/well) can bind recombinant human IL-1 Rrp2 Fc Chimera (Catalog # 872-RP) with a linear range of 0.15 ‑ 5 µg/mL.
Source
E. coli-derived human IL-36 gamma/IL-1F9 protein
Met1-Asp169
Accession #
N-terminal Sequence
Met1
Protein/Peptide Type
Recombinant Proteins
Gene
IL36G
Purity
>95%, by SDS-PAGE under reducing conditions and visualized by silver stain
Endotoxin Note
<1.0 EU per 1 μg of the protein by the LAL method.

Applications/Dilutions

Theoretical MW
18.7 kDa.
Disclaimer note: The observed molecular weight of the protein may vary from the listed predicted molecular weight due to post translational modifications, post translation cleavages, relative charges, and other experimental factors.
Publications
Read Publications using
2320-IL/CF in the following applications:

Packaging, Storage & Formulations

Storage
Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
  • 3 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Buffer
Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in Tris, NaCl and TCEP.
Purity
>95%, by SDS-PAGE under reducing conditions and visualized by silver stain
Reconstitution Instructions
Reconstitute at 100 μg/mL in sterile PBS.

Notes

This product is produced by and ships from R&D Systems, Inc., a Bio-Techne brand.

Alternate Names for Recombinant Human IL-36 gamma/IL-1F9 Protein, CF

  • IL-1 epsilon
  • IL-1 H1
  • IL-1 Related Protein 2
  • IL-1(EPSILON)
  • IL1E
  • IL-1-epsilon
  • IL1F9
  • IL-1F9
  • IL1H1
  • IL-1H1
  • IL-1-Related Protein 2
  • IL1RP2
  • IL-1rp2
  • IL36 gamma
  • IL-36 gamma
  • IL36G
  • interleukin 1 family, member 9
  • interleukin 1-related protein 2
  • Interleukin 36, Gamma
  • Interleukin-1 epsilon
  • interleukin-1 family member 9
  • Interleukin-1 homolog 1
  • Interleukin-36 Gamma

Background

Human interleukin 36 gamma (IL‑36 gamma ; formerly known as IL‑1F9, IL‑1 epsilon (epsilon) and IL‑1H1) is a secreted member of the IL‑1 family of proteins (1‑5). It currently is one of at least four IL‑1 family members that have been renamed, the others being IL‑36 alpha (formerly IL‑1F6), IL‑36 beta (formerly IL‑1F8) IL‑37 (formerly IL‑1F7) and IL‑36ra (formerly IL‑1F5) (1). All family members show a 12 beta ‑strand, beta ‑trefoil configuration, and all family members are believed to have arisen from a common ancestral gene that has undergone multiple duplications (6). IL‑36 gamma is synthesized as a 19 kDa, 169 amino acid (aa) protein that contains no signal sequence, no prosegment and no potential N‑linked glycosylation site(s) (3, 4, 7). The molecule is secreted via a nonclassical pathway and likely requires the presence of extracellular ATP (7, 8). Human to mouse, IL‑36 gamma shares 53% aa identity. Within the family, IL‑36 gamma shares 30% aa identity with IL‑1ra, and 23%, 33%, 57%, 35%, 45% and 32% aa identity with IL‑1 beta, IL‑36ra, IL‑36 alpha, IL‑37, IL‑36 beta and IL‑1F10, respectively. Cells reported to express IL‑36 gamma include Langerhans cells, keratinocytes, monocytes, bronchial epithelium plus Chief cells and Parietal cells of the stomach (6 ‑ 10). The receptor for IL‑36 alpha is reported to be a combination of IL‑1Rrp2 and IL‑1 RAcP (9). Recombinant IL‑136 gamma, along with IL‑36 alpha and IL‑36 beta, has been shown to act as an agonist by activating the pathway involving NF‑ kappa B and MAPK in an IL‑1Rrp2 dependent manner. This suggests that IL‑36 gamma may signal in similar fashion to IL‑1 and IL‑18 by having a binding receptor which, upon ligation, recruits a second receptor as a signaling component, forming an active heterodimeric receptor complex. Activities attributed to IL‑36 gamma include a down‑regulation of betacellulin, an up‑regulation of MMP‑9 and ‑10, and the activation of both macrophages and fibroblasts, resulting in the release of multiple chemokines such as CXCL1, 2, 3 and 8, plus CCL2, 3 and 20 (9 ‑ 11).
  1. Dinarello, C. et al. (2010) Nat. Immunol. 11:973.
  2. barksby, H.E. et al. (2007) Clin. Exp. Immunol. 149:217.
  3. Smith, D. E. et al. (2000) J. Biol. Chem. 275 :1169.
  4. Kumar, S. et al. (2000) J. Biol. Chem. 275 :10308.
  5. Nicklin, M.J.H. et al. (2002) Genomics. 79:718.
  6. Dunn, E. et al. (2001) Trends Immunol. 22:533.
  7. Debets, R. et al. (2001) J. Immunol. 167:1440.
  8. Johnston, A. et al. (2011) J. Immunol. 186:2613.
  9. Chustz, R.T. et al. (2010) Am. J. Respir. Cell Mol. Biol. [Epub ahead of print].
  10. Ramadas, R.A. et al. (2011) Am. J. Respir. Cell Mol. Biol. 44:134.
  11. Towne, J.E. et al. (2004) J. Biol. Chem. 279:13677.

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Publications for IL-36 gamma/IL-1F9 (2320-IL/CF)(5)

We have publications tested in 2 confirmed species: Human, N/A.

We have publications tested in 2 applications: Bioassay, ELISA (Standard).


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Bioassay
(4)
ELISA (Standard)
(1)
All Applications
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Human
(4)
N/A
(1)
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Showing Publications 1 - 5 of 5.
Publications using 2320-IL/CF Applications Species
J Guo, J Tu, Y Hu, G Song, Z Yin Cathepsin G cleaves and activates IL-36? and promotes the inflammation of psoriasis Drug Des Devel Ther, 2019;13(0):581-588. 2019 [PMID: 30804664] (Bioassay, Human) Bioassay Human
Wilson TR, Fridlyand J, Yan Y, Penuel E, Burton L, Chan E, Peng J, Lin E, Wang Y, Sosman J, Ribas A, Li J, Moffat J, Sutherlin DP, Koeppen H, Merchant M, Neve R, Settleman J Widespread potential for growth-factor-driven resistance to anticancer kinase inhibitors. Nature, 2012;487(7408):505-9. 2012 [PMID: 22763448] (Bioassay, Human) Bioassay Human
Carrier Y, Ma HL, Ramon HE, Napierata L, Small C, O'Toole M, Young DA, Fouser LA, Nickerson-Nutter C, Collins M, Dunussi-Joannopoulos K, Medley QG Inter-regulation of Th17 cytokines and the IL-36 cytokines in vitro and in vivo: implications in psoriasis pathogenesis. J. Invest. Dermatol., 2011;131(12):2428-37. 2011 [PMID: 21881584] (Bioassay, Human) Bioassay Human
Johnston A, Xing X, Guzman AM, Riblett M, Loyd CM, Ward NL, Wohn C, Prens EP, Wang F, Maier LE, Kang S, Voorhees JJ, Elder JT, Gudjonsson JE IL-1F5, -F6, -F8, and -F9: A Novel IL-1 Family Signaling System That Is Active in Psoriasis and Promotes Keratinocyte Antimicrobial Peptide Expression. J. Immunol., 2011;186(4):2613-22. 2011 [PMID: 21242515] (ELISA (Standard), N/A) ELISA (Standard) N/A
Sakaguchi M, Sonegawa H, Murata H, Kitazoe M, Futami J, Kataoka K, Yamada H, Huh NH S100A11, an dual mediator for growth regulation of human keratinocytes. Mol. Biol. Cell, 2007;19(1):78-85. 2007 [PMID: 17978094] (Bioassay, Human) Bioassay Human

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Bioinformatics

Gene Symbol IL36G
Uniprot