Green fluorescent protein (GFP) is a 27 kDa protein derived from the bioluminescent jellyfish Aquorea Victoria. GFP can be excited by light in the blue to ultraviolet spectrum and has an excitation peak at 395 nm with an emission peak at 509 nm in the green spectrum. GFP autocatalytically forms a fluorescent pigment from natural amino acids present in the nascent protein. GFP is widely used as a reporter (tag) for gene expression, enabling researchers to visualize and localize GFP-tagged proteins within living cells without the need for chemical staining. GFP fluorescence is stable under fixation conditions and antibodies are suitable for a variety of applications including ELISA, ICC/IF, IHC, IP and WB (1-3).
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3. Zusso, M., Lunardi, V., Franceschini, D., Pagetta, A., Lo, R., Stifani, S.,... Moro, S. (2019). Ciprofloxacin and levofloxacin attenuate microglia inflammatory response via TLR4/NF-kB pathway. J Neuroinflammation, 16(1), 148. doi:10.1186/s12974-019-1538-9
- green fluorescent protein (gfp)
- Green Fluorescent Protein
- Enhanced Green Fluorescent Protein