ABCG1

ABCA1 (ATP-binding cassette transporter A1)

The ABCA1 molecule is a primary gatekeeper for regulating the intracellular transport of cholesterol. It belongs to a larger related multifamily of cAMP-dependent anion transporter cell membrane molecules. These key proteins are responsible for trafficking the reverse efflux of cholesterol from cells into peripheral tissues using the apolipoprotein A-1 (apo) carrier. In particular, the ABCA1 molecule exhibits a diverse expression profile and is found most highly expressed in macrophages.

ABCA1 - The Caretaker for Cholesterol Transportation

The ATP-binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1) protein is a key gatekeeper for regulating intracellular cholesterol transport. It is one member of a large family of genes comprised of cAMP-dependent anion transporter cell membrane proteins. These important proteins regulate reverse cholesterol efflux from cells into the peripheral tissues via apolipoprotein A-1 (apo). ABCA1 in particular has a diverse expression profile and is most highly expressed in macrophages.

ABCG1: Easy as 123

ABCG1 (ATP-binding cassette sub-family G member 1) is a transporter protein that is primarily involved in macrophage lipid homeostasis. It is a member of the superfamily of ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters and localizes to intracellular compartments associated with endoplasmic reticulum and golgi membranes.

ABCG2: A Tumor Protector

ABCG2 is a member of the ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter superfamily. Among ABC transporters ABCG2 is particularly interesting for its potential role in protecting cancer stem cells and its complex oligomeric structure (1).