The inflammasome: an inflammation-initiating machine, Novus Biologicals

Immunity’s flipside: Microglia promote Alzheimer’s pathology during inflammation

NFkB and p62 Both Activate and Regulate Inflammation

Nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells (NFkB) is a protein complex that regulates DNA transcription and is a critical regulator of cell survival. NFkB has long been known as a primer of inflammation, however researchers are now finding that NFkB may also regulate over-inflammation via a novel mitophagy pathway (Minton, 2016).

IL-1 beta (interleukin 1 beta, lymphocyte activating factor (LAF))

IL-1 was originally identified and cloned as a lymphocyte mitogen and much later, was found to be comprised of two closely related but distinct proteins, interleukin 1 alpha (IL-1 alpha) and interleukin 1 beta (IL-1 beta). Both these proteins bind to the same cell surface receptor. IL-1 is primarily released from stimulated macrophages, but is also released from several other cell types. Along with other IL-1 gene family members, IL-1 beta falls within a cytokine gene cluster on chromosome 2.