The role of Wnts in neuroinflammation

Stemness for Surviving Hypoxia: TGF-beta/Smad Signaling in Multiple Myeloma

The role of Smoothened in pulmonary pathologies

The Hedgehog (Hh) family of secreted proteins is involved in a number of developmental processes, one of which is the development of cancer. Past data suggests that the Sonic hedgehog (Shh) receptor is composed of two transmembrane proteins, Patched and Smoothened.  The Hedgehog (Hh) signaling pathway is vital to the development of many tissues during embryogenesis, however, it also has an important role after development.  After development, Hh signaling regulates stem cells and their regenerative function.  When the Hh pathway is awry, signaling may turn oncogenic in nature.

Beta Catenin Implications for Signaling

The Wnt/beta Catenin signaling pathway plays a critical role in embryonic development, stem cell self-renewal and regeneration. Alterations in this signaling cascade have been implicated in the pathogenesis of cancer.