CD11b Expression, Leukocyte Adhesion and the Innate Immune System

Wed, 05/18/2011 - 11:03

What is CD11b?

CD11b is an integrin family member which pairs with CD18 to form the CR3 heterodimer. CD11b is expressed on the surface of many leukocytes including monocytes, neutrophils, natural killer cells, granulocytes and macrophages, as well as on 8% of spleen cells and 44% of bone marrow cells. Functionally, CD11b regulates leukocyte adhesion and migration to mediate the inflammatory response. CD11b antibody studies have shown the protein to be directly involved in cellular adhesion, although migration can only take place in the presence of the CD18 subunit. As well as playing a role in various adhesion reactions, CD11b is a receptor for complement C3bi, mediating complement-coated particle uptake. Research using CD11b antibodies has identified CD11b as a receptor for fibrinogen gamma chain, factor X and ICAM1, with possible roles in cell-mediated cytotoxicity, chemotaxis and phagocytosis.

CD11b expression in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells ICC


CD11b/Integrin alpha M was detected in immersion fixed human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) using Mouse Anti-Human CD11b/Integrin alpha M Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB16991) at 10 µg/mL for 3 hours at room temperature. Cells were stained using the NorthernLights™ 557-conjugated Anti-Mouse IgG Secondary Antibody (red; Catalog # NL007) and counterstained with DAPI (blue). View our protocol for Fluorescent ICC Staining of Non-adherent Cells.



The Role of CD11b in B Cells

Until recently, mouse CD11b expression had only been reported in detail for neutrophils and monocytes. In 2005, Kawai et al. undertook a CD11b antibody study to clarify CD11b function in B cells [PMID: 15990794]. Flow cytometry was used to isolate peripheral CD19+ B cells, and their migratory function was verified via transwell assays. Using CD11b antibody preparations, the contribution of Cd11b to migratory ability was then determined. It was seen that native B cells had little migratory capability and were CD11b negative. Memory B cells, however, had a high degree of motility and expressed CD11b. Given these findings, the authors suggested that CD11b plays an essential role in memory cell migration. Novus Biologicals offers CD11b reagents for your research needs including:

Explore Immunology Resources


*Note: Some blog links and title sub-headings updated in April 2023


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