|Mechanisms of Neurodegeneration: Protein aggregation and failure of autophagy
By Michalina Hanzel, PhDIn a series of three blog posts I will briefly explore the major cellular mechanisms responsible for many neurodegenerative disorders. The first, and perhaps the most apparent, is the accumulat... Read more.
|Lysosomal Dysfunction is Linked to Exosomal Secretion
By Christina Towers, PhD. Lysosomal Dysfunction and DiseaseLysosomes are highly acidic organelles that are critical for cellular function and indispensable for degradative pathways like autophagy and endocytosis.... Read more.
|Immunity’s flipside: Microglia promote Alzheimer’s pathology during inflammation
By Jamshed Arslan Pharm.D. Microglia are brain's macrophages. In Alzheimer's disease (AD), microglia clear up protein aggregates called amyloid beta plaques. The connection between immune activation and AD is unclea... Read more.
|The C99 fragment of amyloid precursor protein (APP)
Alzheimer’s Disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disorder that is characterized by an abundance of the beta-amyloid peptide in the brain. When AD was first discovered, it was determined that beta-amyloid was produced as a result of the prote... Read more.
|Beta Amyloid (MOAB2) and the link between traumatic brain injury and Alzheimer’s disease
An epidemiological association between traumatic brain injury (TBI) and Alzheimer's disease (AD) has long been established. Interestingly, an increase in beta amyloid (one hallmark of AD) directly following TBI has been observed. In fact, it h... Read more.
|Niemann Pick-C1 and cholesterol dynamics
Niemann-Pick type C1 (NPC1) mediates low-density cholesterol transport from late endosomes and lysosomes to other areas of the cell via receptor mediation endocytosis. Although cholesterol moves freely inside the cell, it cannot independently expo... Read more.
|FANCD2 and DNA damage repair
Fanconi anemia (FA) is a genetically inherited disorder that yields cytogenetic instability, hypersensitivity to DNA crosslinking compounds and defective DNA repair. A variety of genes have been identified within the FA pathway that are referred t... Read more.
|Beta Amyloid Neurotoxicity and Alzheimer's Disease
A major histopathological hallmark of Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the presence of amyloid deposits in the parenchyma of the amygdala, hippocampus, and neocortex. The principal component of amyloid is beta amyloid (AB). The pathologic accumulation of A... Read more.
|ApoE: The Key to Preventing Alzheimer's Disease?
Apolipoprotein E also known as ApoE is a 36kDa protein that is expressed in all lipoprotein fractions in plasma. This protein is produced in high quantities in the liver, brain, spleen, lung and kidney. The function of APOE is to mediate the binding,... Read more.
|Amyloid beta and Methionine Sulfoxide Related to Abeta 42 Antibody and Abeta 40 Antibody
By Eric NeeleyAlzheimer's disease is a devastating neurodegenerative illness characterized by the formation of plaques, tangles, and eventually synaptic loss. Amyloid beta (A beta ) is the processed form of the Amyloid precursor protein (APP), and whose... Read more.