Harnessing Natural Killer Cell Activity for Anti-Tumor Immunotherapy

HLA G - mediating immune tolerance during pregnancy

Human leukocyte antigen G (HLA G) is a major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I molecule that is primarily expressed in the placenta and is essential for the immune tolerance of the fetus during pregnancy. Unlike many HLA genes, HLA G has relatively few variants and is alternatively spliced into seven different isoforms. Of these isoforms four are membrane-bound while three are predicted to be soluble. Both the membrane-bound and soluble form of HLA G can induce immune tolerance by binding to inhibitory receptors on various immune cells including macrophages and monocytes.