|Neurovascular signaling for repair enhances brain metastasis
By Jamshed Arslan, Pharm. D., PhD. Stroke is a leading cause of mortality and morbidity worldwide. Cellular players – neurons, astrocytes, endothelial and stromal cells – involved in post-stroke repair t... Read more.
|Bad news for stomach cancer: BAMBI protein inhibits gastric carcinoma via TGF-beta/epithelial-mesenchymal transition signaling
By Jamshed Arslan Pharm.D. Gastric carcinoma is the second leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. One of the key features of gastric carcinoma is acidosis, which promotes growth and metastasis of gastric... Read more.
|You complete me: Natural killer cells need TGF-beta inhibition to effectively combat cancers
By Jamshed Arslan Pharm.D. Natural killer (NK) cells are lymphocytes of the innate immune system that were first discovered for their “natural” ability to kill cancer cells. To use NK cells as anti-cancer therapy, t... Read more.
|TGF-beta for treating degenerative intervertebral disc disease
By Jamshed Arslan Pharm.D. Our upright posture and balance depend on a jelly-like material, called nucleus pulposus (NP), in the middle of intervertebral discs. NP cells protect us from disc degeneration by maintain... Read more.
|Stemness for Surviving Hypoxia: TGF-beta/Smad Signaling in Multiple Myeloma
By Jamshed Arslan Pharm.D. Multiple myeloma (MM) is a cancer of antibody-producing plasma cells. The bone marrow (BM) of MM patients is hypoxic, and MM cells overexpress many cancerous genes that are regulated by hy... Read more.
|TGF-beta RIII - A multi-functional regulator of the TGF-beta signaling pathway
Transforming growth factor-beta receptor III (TGF-beta RIII) is one of three receptors for the secreted growth factor TGF-beta. Unlike type I and type II TGF-beta receptors, TGF-beta RIII does not participate directly in the propagation of intracel... Read more.
|CCR2 or CD192
CCR2 is a receptor for several monocyte chemoattractant proteins (MCP1, MCP3, MCP4) that specifically govern monocyte chemotaxis. CCR2 transduces its downstream signals through increasing intracellular calcium ion levels. For example, MCP1 regulate... Read more.