WB, CyTOF-ready, ICFlowHost:
Applications: WB, IHC
Host: Sheep Polyclonal
Applications: RNAi, RNAi SP
L-glutamate is the major excitatory neurotransmitter in the central nervous system and activates both ionotropic and metabotropic glutamate receptors. Class I metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) have been postulated to play a role in synaptic plasticity. It has been suggested that mGluR5 may be the primary high affinity ACPD receptor in CA1 neurons (1). Also, neuroprotection by mGluR system has been linked to the modulation of both the free radical nitric oxide (NO) and programmed cell death (PCD). Activation of group I mGluR subtypes utilized an effective, "upstream" mechanism for the inhibition of cysteine protease activity that offered an enhanced level of neuroprotection through both the preservation of genomic DNA integrity and the maintenance of PS membrane asymmetry (2). It has also been shown that activation of mGluRs enhances formation of an mGluR-Homer-PIKE-L complex, leading to activation of PI3 kinase activity and prevention of neuronal apoptosis. Our findings indicate that this complex mediates the well-known ability of agonists of mGluR5 to prevent neuronal apoptosis (3).
Bioinformatics Tool for mGluR5
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