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Phosphorylation Bioinformatics

Phosphorylation is one of the most prevalent and frequently studied post-translational modification (PTM). Protein phosphorylation is a PTM that plays a key role in regulating signal transduction, apoptosis, and cell cycle and replication. Despite its prevalence, phosphorylation occurs only on three amino acids: Serine (Ser; S), Threonine (Thr; T) and Tyrosine (Tyr; Y). The mechanism of phosphorylation revolves around the side chains of these amino acids. Serine, Threonine and Tyrosine have an -OH group that attacks the terminal phosphate group on ATP, thus transferring a phosphate group to the amino acid side chain. Although this reaction is unidirectional (due to the vast quantity energy released from the conversion of ATP to ADP), phosphorylation of proteins is reversible. Kinases and Phosphatases mediate the reverse reaction via the phosphorylation and dephosphorylation of substrates, respectively. Kinases mediate phosphorylation at Serine, threonine and tyrosine side chains, and phosphatases reverse protein phosphorylation by hydrolyzing the phosphate group.

Phosphorylation Bioinformatics Tool

Laverne is a handy bioinformatics tool to help facilitate scientific exploration of related genes, diseases and pathways based on co-citations. Explore more on Phosphorylation below! For more information on how to use Laverne, please read the How to Guide.
Vizit™, under license from BioVista Inc.

Top Research Reagents

We have 2367 products for the study of Phosphorylation that can be applied to Chromatin Immunoprecipitation, Western Blot, Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence, Flow Cytometry, Chromatin Immunoprecipitation (ChIP), Immunohistochemistry from our catalog of antibodies and ELISA kits.

NBP2-22203
Western Blot: ERK1 Antibody (1E5) [NBP2-22203] - Western blot analysis of whole cell lysates from (1) MCF7 (2) NIH3T3 cell lines using ERK1 antibody (clone 1E5) at 1:1000 dilution. The signal was developed using HRP labeled goat-anti Mouse secondary antibody with ECL based detection. Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: ERK1 Antibody (1E5) [NBP2-22203] - Analysis of NIH/3T3 cells using ERK1 mouse mAb (green). Blue: DRAQ5 fluorescent DNA dye. Red: Actin filaments have been labeled with Alexa Fluor-555 phalloidin.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, ELISA, Flow

NB100-56749
Western Blot: AKT1 [p Ser473] Antibody (104A282) [NB100-56749] - Akt1 [p Ser473] Antibody (104A282) [NB100-56749] - Total protein from mouse 3T3 cells treated with and without PDGF (50 ng/ml) for the indicated times was separated on a 7.5% gel by SDS-PAGE, transferred to PVDF membrane and blocked in 5% non-fat milk in TBST. The membrane was probed with 2.0 ug/ml anti-AKT1 (NBP2-01725) and 2 ug/ml pS473 AKT1 in 1% BSA in TBST and detected with an anti-mouse HRP secondary antibody using chemiluminescence. Note the detection of phosphorylated AKT1 in response to PDGF treatment compared to total AKT1 protein.Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: AKT1 [p Ser473] Antibody (104A282) [NB100-56749] - IHC analysis of a formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) human breast carcinoma tissue section using 1:250 dilution of pSer473 AKT1 antibody (clone 104A282) on a Bond Rx autostainer (Leica Biosystems). The assay involved 20 minutes of heat induced antigen retrieval (HIER) with 10mM sodium citrate buffer (pH 6.0) and endogenous peroxidase quenching using peroxide block. The sections were incubated with primary antibody for 30 minutes. Bond Polymer Refine Detection (Leica Biosystems) and DAB were used for signal detection which followed counterstaining with hematoxylin. Whole slide scanning and capturing of representative images (20X) were performed using Aperio AT2 (Leica Biosystems). This antibody generated a diffused cytoplasmic staining of phosphor-AKT (Ser-473) in the cancer cells as well as the stromal cells. Some cancer cells depicted nuclear stianing also. Staining was performed by Histowiz.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse
Applications WB, IHC, IHC-P

     1 Review

8 Publications
AF467
EphB2 was detected in immersion fixed MBA‑MB‑468 human breast cancer cell line using Goat Anti-Human/Mouse EphB2 Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF467) at 5 µg/mL for 3 hours at room temperature. Cells were stained using the NorthernLights™ 557-conjugated Anti-Goat IgG Secondary Antibody (red; Catalog # <a class=    Simple  Western lane view shows lysates of COLO 205 human colorectal  adenocarcinoma cell line and MBA‑MB‑468 human breast  cancer cell line, loaded at 0.2 mg/mL. A specific band was detected  for EphB2 at approximately 139 and 146 kDa (as indicated) using  20 µg/mL of Goat Anti-Human/Mouse EphB2 Antigen Affinity-purified  Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF467) followed by 1:50 dilution of  HRP-conjugated Anti-Goat IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # <a class=

Goat Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse
Applications WB, Simple Western, Flow

     4 Reviews

22 Publications
AF1095
Western blot shows lysates of A431 human epithelial carcinoma cell line untreated<br>(‑) or treated (+) with 100 μM pervanadate (PV) for 10 minutes. PVDF membrane was probed with 0.2 µg/mL of Rabbit Anti-Human Phospho-EGFR (Y1173) Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody, followed by HRP-conjugated Anti-Rabbit IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # <a class=EGFR phosphorylated at Y1173 was detected in immersion fixed frozen sections of mouse embryo using Rabbit Anti-Human Phospho-EGFR (Y1173) Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF1095) at 15 µg/mL overnight at 4 °C. Tissue was stained using the Anti-Rabbit HRP-DAB Cell & Tissue Staining Kit (brown; Catalog # <a class=

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human
Applications WB, Simple Western, IHC

5 Publications
210-TA/CF
1 µg/lane of Recombinant Human TNF-alpha  was resolved by SDS-PAGE with silver staining, under reducing (R) conditions, showing a band at 17 kDa.Recombinant Human TNF-alpha  (Catalog # 210‑TA/CF) induces cytotoxicity in the L-929 mouse fibroblast cell line in the presence of the metabolic inhibitor actinomycin D. The ED<sub>50</sub> for this effect is 25‑100 pg/mL.


Species Human

415 Publications
MAB17761
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Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, ICC

     1 Review

2 Publications
NBP2-37576
Western Blot: c-jun Antibody (5B1) [NBP2-37576] - Western blot analysis using c-Jun mouse mAb against NIH/3T3 (1) and Cos7 (2) cell lysate.Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: c-jun Antibody (5B1) [NBP2-37576] - Immunofluorescence analysis of PC-2 cells using c-Jun mouse mAb (green). Red: Actin filaments have been labeled with Alexa Fluor-555 phalloidin.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Primate
Applications WB, ELISA, Flow

NBP1-84168
Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: PRRT2 Antibody [NBP1-84168] - Immunohistochemical staining of human pancreas shows no positivity as expected.Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: PRRT2 Antibody [NBP1-84168] - Immunohistochemical staining of human cerebellum shows strong positivity in neuropil.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human
Applications IHC, IHC-P

AF2685
Western blot shows lysates of MDA‑MB‑468 human breast cancer cell line and HepG2 human hepatocellular carcinoma cell line untreated (-) or treated (+) with 50 μM pervanadate (PV) for 10 minutes. PVDF membrane was probed with 1 µg/mL of Rabbit Anti-Human Phospho-Src (Y419) Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF2685), followed by HRP-conjugated Anti-Rabbit IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # <A class=NoLineLink href=Src phosphorylated at Y419 was detected in immersion fixed paraffin-embedded sections of human liver cancer tissue using Rabbit Anti-Human Phospho-Src (Y419) Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF2685) at 10 µg/mL overnight at 4 °C. Tissue was stained using the Anti-Rabbit HRP-DAB Cell & Tissue Staining Kit (brown; Catalog # <A class=NoLineLink href=

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human
Applications WB, Simple Western, IHC

3 Publications
236-EG
1 µg/lane of Recombinant Human EGF was resolved with SDS-PAGE  and visualized by silver staining under reducing (R) conditions, showing a single band at 6 kDa.Recombinant Human EGF (Catalog # 236‑EG) stimulates cell proliferation of the Balb/3T3 mouse embryonic fibroblast cell line. The ED<sub>50</sub> for this effect is 20‑100 pg/mL.


Species Human

     7 Reviews

250 Publications
NBP2-34260
Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: Insulin Antibody (E2-E3 (same as INS04)) [NBP2-34260] - Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded human pancreas stained with insulin Monoclonal Antibody (E2-E3)SDS-Page: Insulin Antibody (E2-E3 (same as INS04)) [NBP2-34260]

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Porcine
Applications WB, Flow, ICC/IF

     4 Reviews

NBP2-22471
Western Blot: STAT3 Antibody (9D8) [NBP2-22471] - Analysis of 25ug of U2-OS lysate from STAT3 SMART pool siRNA transfected or non-targeting control transfected U2-OS cells onto a 4-20% Tris-HCl polyacrylamide gel.Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: STAT3 Antibody (9D8) [NBP2-22471] - Analysis of STAT3 using anti-STAT3 (9D8) monoclonal antibody (shown in green) in HeLa cells. Formalin fixed cells were permeabilized with 0.1% Triton X-100 in TBS for 10 minutes at room temperature. Cells were then blocked with 1% Blocker BSA for 15 minutes at room temperature. Cells were probed with a mouse monoclonal antibody recognizing STAT3, at a dilution of 1:100 for at least 1 hour at room temperature. Cells were then washed with PBS and incubated with DyLight 488 goat-anti-mouse secondary antibody at a dilution of 1:400 for 30 minutes at room temperature. Nuclei (blue) were stained with Hoechst 33342 dye.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, ChIP, ICC/IF

NBP1-91228
Western Blot: PYK2/FAK2 Antibody [NBP1-91228] - PYK2 Antibody [NBP1-91228] - Lane 1: Marker [kDa] 230, 130, 95, 72, 56, 36, 28, 17, 11<br/>Lane 2: Human cell line RT-4<br/>Lane 3: Human cell line U-251MG spImmunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: PYK2 Antibody [NBP1-91228] - Staining of human cell line U-251 MG shows positivity in cytoplasm.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Rat
Applications WB, ICC/IF, IHC

1 Publication
NB500-138
Western Blot: p38 [p Thr180, p Tyr182] Antibody [NB500-138] - Hela cell lysates that had been treated with UV or untreated (Control) showing specific immunolabeling of the -39 kDa p38 MAPK protein phosphorylated at Thr180/Tyr182.Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: p38 [p Thr180, p Tyr182] Antibody [NB500-138] - Immunostaining of human breast cancer tissue showing p38 when phosphorylated at Thr180/Tyr182 in red.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human
Applications WB, IHC, IHC-P

3 Publications
7270-IL/CF


Species Human

NBP2-29323
Functional (Inhibition): NFkB p105/p50 Inhibitor Peptide Set [NBP2-29323] - TLR5/NF-kB/SEAPorter HEK 293 (NBP2-26277) cells were plated in 96-well plates at 5 x 10^4 cells/well for 16 h. Cells were preincubated with different concentrations (0, 1, 5, 10, 25 and 50 uM) of Inhibitory Peptide (NBP2-29323) and Control Peptide (NBP2-29334) for 1 h. Cells were then stimulated with 1 ng/ml Flagellin (NBP2-25289) for 24 h. Secreted alkaline phosphatase (SEAP) was analyzed using SEAPorter Assay Kit (NBP2-25285). *p < 0.05 versus control peptide at the corresponding concentrations (Mann-Whitney U test).


Species Human, Mouse, Rat

10 Publications
AF1347
Western blot shows recombinant human p38 beta, p38 gamma, p38δ and p38 alpha  (1 ng/lane). PVDF membrane was probed with 0.2 µg/mL Rabbit Anti-Human/Mouse/Rat p38 gamma  Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF1347) followed by HRP-conjugated Anti-Rabbit IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # <A class=NoLineLink href=Western blot shows lysates of PC-12 rat adrenal pheochromocytoma cell line, C6 rat glioma cell line, and C2C12 mouse myoblast cell line. PVDF membrane was probed with 0.2 µg/mL Rabbit Anti-Human/Mouse/Rat p38 gamma  Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF1347) followed by HRP-conjugated Anti-Rabbit IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # <A class=NoLineLink href=

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, Simple Western, IHC

4 Publications
NBP2-13304
Western Blot: SGSM3 Antibody [NBP2-13304] - Lane 1: Marker  [kDa] 250, 130, 95, 72, 55, 36, 28, 17, 10.  Lane 2: Human cell line RT-4Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: SGSM3 Antibody [NBP2-13304] - Immunofluorescent staining of human cell line MCF7 shows localization to the Golgi apparatus.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human
Applications WB, ICC/IF, IHC