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Phosphorylation Bioinformatics

Phosphorylation is one of the most prevalent and frequently studied post-translational modification (PTM). Protein phosphorylation is a PTM that plays a key role in regulating signal transduction, apoptosis, and cell cycle and replication. Despite its prevalence, phosphorylation occurs only on three amino acids: Serine (Ser; S), Threonine (Thr; T) and Tyrosine (Tyr; Y). The mechanism of phosphorylation revolves around the side chains of these amino acids. Serine, Threonine and Tyrosine have an -OH group that attacks the terminal phosphate group on ATP, thus transferring a phosphate group to the amino acid side chain. Although this reaction is unidirectional (due to the vast quantity energy released from the conversion of ATP to ADP), phosphorylation of proteins is reversible. Kinases and Phosphatases mediate the reverse reaction via the phosphorylation and dephosphorylation of substrates, respectively. Kinases mediate phosphorylation at Serine, threonine and tyrosine side chains, and phosphatases reverse protein phosphorylation by hydrolyzing the phosphate group.

Phosphorylation Bioinformatics Tool

Laverne is a handy bioinformatics tool to help facilitate scientific exploration of related genes, diseases and pathways based on co-citations. Explore more on Phosphorylation below! For more information on how to use Laverne, please read the How to Guide.
Vizit™, under license from BioVista Inc.

Top Research Reagents

We have 2521 products for the study of Phosphorylation that can be applied to Chromatin Immunoprecipitation, Western Blot, Flow Cytometry, Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence, Immunohistochemistry, Chromatin Immunoprecipitation (ChIP) from our catalog of antibodies and ELISA kits.

NBP2-22203
Western Blot: ERK1 Antibody (1E5) [NBP2-22203] - Western blot analysis of whole cell lysates from (1) MCF7 (2) NIH3T3 cell lines using ERK1 antibody (clone 1E5) at 1:1000 dilution. The signal was developed using HRP labeled goat-anti Mouse secondary antibody with ECL based detection. Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: ERK1 Antibody (1E5) [NBP2-22203] - Analysis of NIH/3T3 cells using ERK1 mouse mAb (green). Blue: DRAQ5 fluorescent DNA dye. Red: Actin filaments have been labeled with Alexa Fluor-555 phalloidin.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, ELISA, Flow

AF887
Western blot shows lysates of NIH‑3T3 mouse embryonic fibroblast cell line untreated (-) or treated (+) with 100 ng/mL Human PDGF (Catalog #<A class=NoLineLink href=Akt phosphorylated at S473 was detected in immersion fixed paraffin-embedded sections of human breast cancer tissue using Rabbit Anti-Human/Mouse/Rat Phospho-Akt (S473) Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF887) at 10 µg/mL overnight at 4 °C. Tissue was stained using the Anti-Rabbit HRP-DAB Cell & Tissue Staining Kit (brown; Catalog # <A class=NoLineLink href=

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, Simple Western, IHC

19 Publications
AF467
    COLO 205  human colorectal adenocarcinoma cell line was stained with Goat  Anti-Human/Mouse EphB2 Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog  # AF467, filled histogram) or isotype control antibody (Catalog #<br><a class=    D3  mouse embryonic stem cell line was stained with Goat Anti-Human/Mouse EphB2  Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF467, filled  histogram) or isotype control antibody (Catalog #<br><a class=

Goat Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse
Applications WB, Simple Western, Flow

     9 Reviews

26 Publications
AF231
    Western  blot shows lysates of HeLa human cervical epithelial carcinoma cell line and  MDA‑MB‑231 human breast cancer cell line. PVDF membrane  was probed with 1 µg/mL of Goat Anti-Human EGFR  Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF231) followed by  HRP-conjugated Anti-Goat IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # <a class=    A431  human epithelial carcinoma cell line was stained with Goat Anti-Human  EGFR Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog #  AF231, filled histogram) or isotype control antibody (Catalog # <a class=

Goat Polyclonal
Species Human
Applications WB, Flow, IHC

     1 Review

7 Publications
210-TA
Recombinant Human TNF-alpha  (Catalog # 210‑TA) induces cytotoxicity in the L-929 mouse fibroblast cell line in the presence of the metabolic inhibitor actinomycin D. The ED<sub>50</sub> for this effect is 25‑100 pg/mL.1 µg/lane of Recombinant Human TNF-alpha  was resolved by SDS-PAGE with silver staining, under reducing (R) conditions, showing a band at 17 kDa.


Species Human

     21 Reviews

526 Publications
MAB17761
<p align=    JNK1  was detected in immersion fixed MCF‑7 human breast cancer cell  line using Mouse Anti-Human/Mouse/Rat JNK1 Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog #  MAB17761) at 10 µg/mL for 3 hours at room temperature.  Cells were stained using the NorthernLights™ 557-conjugated  Anti-Mouse IgG Secondary Antibody (red; Catalog # <a class=

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, ICC

     2 Reviews

3 Publications
NBP2-67471
Western Blot: c-jun [p Ser63] Antibody (SY0297) [NBP2-67471] - Analysis of Phospho-c-Jun(S63) on different lysates using anti-Phospho-c-Jun(S63) antibody at 1/1,000 dilution. Positive control: Lane 1: NIH/3T3 Lane 2: 293TImmunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: c-jun [p Ser63] Antibody (SY0297) [NBP2-67471] - Staining Phospho-c-Jun(S63) in PC-3M cells (green). The nuclear counter stain is DAPI (blue). Cells were fixed in paraformaldehyde, permeabilised with 0.25% Triton X100/PBS.

Rabbit Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, ICC/IF, IHC

NBP1-84168
Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: PRRT2 Antibody [NBP1-84168] - Immunohistochemical staining of human cerebral cortex shows strong positivity in neuropil.Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: PRRT2 Antibody [NBP1-84168] - Immunohistochemical staining of human cerebellum shows strong positivity in neuropil.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human
Applications IHC, IHC-P

AF2685
Western blot shows lysates of MDA‑MB‑468 human breast cancer cell line and HepG2 human hepatocellular carcinoma cell line untreated (-) or treated (+) with 50 μM pervanadate (PV) for 10 minutes. PVDF membrane was probed with 1 µg/mL of Rabbit Anti-Human Phospho-Src (Y419) Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF2685), followed by HRP-conjugated Anti-Rabbit IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # <A class=NoLineLink href=Src phosphorylated at Y419 was detected in immersion fixed paraffin-embedded sections of human liver cancer tissue using Rabbit Anti-Human Phospho-Src (Y419) Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF2685) at 10 µg/mL overnight at 4 °C. Tissue was stained using the Anti-Rabbit HRP-DAB Cell & Tissue Staining Kit (brown; Catalog # <A class=NoLineLink href=

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human
Applications WB, Simple Western, IHC

     1 Review

5 Publications
236-EG
Recombinant Human EGF (Catalog # 236‑EG) stimulates cell proliferation of the Balb/3T3 mouse embryonic fibroblast cell line. The ED<sub>50</sub> for this effect is 20‑100 pg/mL.1 µg/lane of Recombinant Human EGF was resolved with SDS-PAGE  and visualized by silver staining under reducing (R) conditions, showing a single band at 6 kDa.


Species Human

     11 Reviews

326 Publications
NBP2-34260
Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: Insulin Antibody (E2-E3 (same as INS04)) [NBP2-34260] - Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded human pancreas stained with insulin Monoclonal Antibody (E2-E3)SDS-Page: Insulin Antibody (E2-E3 (same as INS04)) [NBP2-34260]

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Porcine
Applications WB, Flow, ICC/IF

     4 Reviews

NBP2-22471
Western Blot: STAT3 Antibody (9D8) [NBP2-22471] - Human breast cancer cell MDA-MB-231 was treated with carboplatin for 72 hours and the expression of p-Stat3 at Y705 and total Stat3 were detected by western blot. From verified customer review.Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: STAT3 Antibody (9D8) [NBP2-22471] - Analysis of STAT3 using anti-STAT3 (9D8) monoclonal antibody (shown in green) in HeLa cells. Formalin fixed cells were permeabilized with 0.1% Triton X-100 in TBS for 10 minutes at room temperature. Cells were then blocked with 1% Blocker BSA for 15 minutes at room temperature. Cells were probed with a mouse monoclonal antibody recognizing STAT3, at a dilution of 1:100 for at least 1 hour at room temperature. Cells were then washed with PBS and incubated with DyLight 488 goat-anti-mouse secondary antibody at a dilution of 1:400 for 30 minutes at room temperature. Nuclei (blue) were stained with Hoechst 33342 dye.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, ChIP, ICC/IF

     1 Review

NBP1-91228
Western Blot: PYK2/FAK2 Antibody [NBP1-91228] - Human breast cancer cell line MDA-MB-231 was treated with carboplatin for 72 hours and the expression of phospho-PYK2 and total PYK2 were detected by Western blot. Image from verified customer review.Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: PYK2/FAK2 Antibody [NBP1-91228] - Staining of human cerebral cortex shows strong nuclear positivity in neuronal cells.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Rat
Applications WB, ICC/IF, IHC

     1 Review

1 Publication
AF8691
Western blot shows recombinant human p38 beta, p38 gamma, p38δ and Recombinant Human Active p38 alpha  (Catalog # <a class=Simple Western lane view shows lysates of HeLa human cervical epithelial carcinoma cell line and NIH‑3T3 mouse embryonic fibroblast cell line, loaded at 0.2 mg/mL. A specific band was detected for p38 alpha  at approximately 43 kDa (as indicated) using 5 µg/mL of Rabbit Anti-Human/Mouse/Rat p38 alpha  Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF8691). This experiment was conducted under reducing conditions and using the<br>12-230 kDa separation system.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, Simple Western, IHC

     2 Reviews

3 Publications
7270-IL/CF


Species Human

NB100-56583
Western Blot: NFkB p105/p50 Antibody (2J10D7) [NB100-56583] - Analysis of p50 in HeLa lysate in the A) absence and B) presence of immunizing peptide using p50 antibody at 5 ug/ml.Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: NFkB p105/p50 Antibody (2J10D7) [NB100-56583] - IHC-P of rabbit aorta using NB100-56583. Secondary antibody: anti-mouse histofine ( Nisherei Bioscience Inc. ref: 414131F). Development: DAB (Dako ref: K346811-2) and counterstained with Hematoxylin. Submitted via verified customer review

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Rabbit
Applications WB, Flow, IHC-P

     1 Review

1 Publication
AF1347
Western blot shows recombinant human p38 beta, p38 gamma, p38δ and p38 alpha  (1 ng/lane). PVDF membrane was probed with 0.2 µg/mL Rabbit Anti-Human/Mouse/Rat p38 gamma  Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF1347) followed by HRP-conjugated Anti-Rabbit IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # <A class=NoLineLink href=Western blot shows lysates of PC-12 rat adrenal pheochromocytoma cell line, C6 rat glioma cell line, and C2C12 mouse myoblast cell line. PVDF membrane was probed with 0.2 µg/mL Rabbit Anti-Human/Mouse/Rat p38 gamma  Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF1347) followed by HRP-conjugated Anti-Rabbit IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # <A class=NoLineLink href=

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, Simple Western, IHC

4 Publications
NBP2-13304
Western Blot: SGSM3 Antibody [NBP2-13304] - Lane 1: Marker  [kDa] 250, 130, 95, 72, 55, 36, 28, 17, 10.  Lane 2: Human cell line RT-4Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: SGSM3 Antibody [NBP2-13304] - Immunofluorescent staining of human cell line MCF7 shows localization to the Golgi apparatus.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human
Applications WB, ICC/IF, IHC