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Phosphorylation Bioinformatics

Phosphorylation is one of the most prevalent and frequently studied post-translational modification (PTM). Protein phosphorylation is a PTM that plays a key role in regulating signal transduction, apoptosis, and cell cycle and replication. Despite its prevalence, phosphorylation occurs only on three amino acids: Serine (Ser; S), Threonine (Thr; T) and Tyrosine (Tyr; Y). The mechanism of phosphorylation revolves around the side chains of these amino acids. Serine, Threonine and Tyrosine have an -OH group that attacks the terminal phosphate group on ATP, thus transferring a phosphate group to the amino acid side chain. Although this reaction is unidirectional (due to the vast quantity energy released from the conversion of ATP to ADP), phosphorylation of proteins is reversible. Kinases and Phosphatases mediate the reverse reaction via the phosphorylation and dephosphorylation of substrates, respectively. Kinases mediate phosphorylation at Serine, threonine and tyrosine side chains, and phosphatases reverse protein phosphorylation by hydrolyzing the phosphate group.

Phosphorylation Bioinformatics Tool

Laverne is a handy bioinformatics tool to help facilitate scientific exploration of related genes, diseases and pathways based on co-citations. Explore more on Phosphorylation below! For more information on how to use Laverne, please read the How to Guide.
Vizit™, under license from BioVista Inc.

Top Research Reagents

We have 3182 products for the study of Phosphorylation that can be applied to Chromatin Immunoprecipitation, Chromatin Immunoprecipitation (ChIP), Flow Cytometry, Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence, Immunohistochemistry, Western Blot from our catalog of antibodies and ELISA kits.

NB100-56583
Western Blot: NFkB p105/p50 Antibody (2J10D7) [NB100-56583] - Analysis of p50 in HeLa lysate in the A) absence and B) presence of immunizing peptide using p50 antibody at 5 ug/ml.Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: NFkB p105/p50 Antibody (2J10D7) [NB100-56583] - IHC-P of rabbit aorta using NB100-56583. Secondary antibody: anti-mouse histofine ( Nisherei Bioscience Inc. ref: 414131F). Development: DAB (Dako ref: K346811-2) and counterstained with Hematoxylin. Submitted via verified customer review

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Rat, Rabbit
Applications WB, Flow, IHC

     1 Review

4 Publications
NBP2-13304
Western Blot: SGSM3 Antibody [NBP2-13304] - Lane 1: Marker  [kDa] 250, 130, 95, 72, 55, 36, 28, 17, 10.  Lane 2: Human cell line RT-4Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: SGSM3 Antibody [NBP2-13304] - Immunofluorescent staining of human cell line MCF7 shows localization to the Golgi apparatus.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human
Applications WB, ICC/IF, IHC

NBP2-22203
Western Blot: ERK1 Antibody (1E5) [NBP2-22203] - Western blot analysis of whole cell lysates from (1) MCF7 (2) NIH3T3 cell lines using ERK1 antibody (clone 1E5) at 1:1000 dilution. The signal was developed using HRP labeled goat-anti Mouse secondary antibody with ECL based detection. Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: ERK1 Antibody (1E5) [NBP2-22203] - Analysis of NIH/3T3 cells using ERK1 mouse mAb (green). Blue: DRAQ5 fluorescent DNA dye. Red: Actin filaments have been labeled with Alexa Fluor-555 phalloidin.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, ELISA, Flow

AF2685
Western blot shows lysates of MDA‑MB‑468 human breast cancer cell line and HepG2 human hepatocellular carcinoma cell line untreated (-) or treated (+) with 50 μM pervanadate (PV) for 10 minutes. PVDF membrane was probed with 1 µg/mL of Rabbit Anti-Human Phospho-Src (Y419) Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF2685), followed by HRP-conjugated Anti-Rabbit IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # <A class=NoLineLink href=Simple Western lane view shows lysates of MBA‑MB‑468 human breast cancer cell line untreated (-) or treated (+) with 50 µM Pervanadate (PV) for 10 minutes, loaded at 0.2 mg/mL. A specific band was detected for Phospho-Src (Y419) at approximately 64 kDa (as indicated) using 10 µg/mL of Rabbit Anti-Human Phospho-Src (Y419) Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF2685). This experiment was conducted under reducing conditions and using the 12-230 kDa separation system.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human
Applications WB, Simple Western, IHC

     1 Review

6 Publications
AF887
Western blot shows lysates of NIH‑3T3 mouse embryonic fibroblast cell line untreated (-) or treated (+) with 100 ng/mL Human PDGF (Catalog #<A class=NoLineLink href=Simple Western lane view shows lysates of MCF‑7 human breast cancer cell line and A549 human lung carcinoma cell line untreated (-) or treated (+) with 100 ng/mL Recombinant Human IGF‑I (Catalog # <A class=NoLineLink href=

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, Simple Western, IHC

26 Publications
AF467
    Simple  Western lane view shows lysates of COLO 205 human colorectal  adenocarcinoma cell line and MBA‑MB‑468 human breast  cancer cell line, loaded at 0.2 mg/mL. A specific band was detected  for EphB2 at approximately 139 and 146 kDa (as indicated) using  20 µg/mL of Goat Anti-Human/Mouse EphB2 Antigen Affinity-purified  Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF467) followed by 1:50 dilution of  HRP-conjugated Anti-Goat IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # <a class=    Western  blot shows 25 ng of Recombinant Human EphB2 Fc Chimera (Catalog #  <a class=

Goat Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse
Applications WB, Simple Western, Flow

     9 Reviews

37 Publications
AF1347
Western blot shows recombinant human p38 beta , p38 gamma , p38δ and p38 alpha  (1 ng/lane). PVDF membrane was probed with 0.2 µg/mL Rabbit Anti-Human/Mouse/Rat p38 gamma  Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF1347) followed by HRP-conjugated Anti-Rabbit IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # <A class=NoLineLink href=Western blot shows lysates of PC-12 rat adrenal pheochromocytoma cell line, C6 rat glioma cell line, and C2C12 mouse myoblast cell line. PVDF membrane was probed with 0.2 µg/mL Rabbit Anti-Human/Mouse/Rat p38 gamma  Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF1347) followed by HRP-conjugated Anti-Rabbit IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # <A class=NoLineLink href=

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, Simple Western, IHC

6 Publications
AF8691
Western blot shows recombinant human p38 beta , p38 gamma , p38δ and Recombinant Human Active p38 alpha  (Catalog # <a class=Simple Western lane view shows lysates of HeLa human cervical epithelial carcinoma cell line and NIH‑3T3 mouse embryonic fibroblast cell line, loaded at 0.2 mg/mL. A specific band was detected for p38 alpha  at approximately 43 kDa (as indicated) using 5 µg/mL of Rabbit Anti-Human/Mouse/Rat p38 alpha  Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF8691). This experiment was conducted under reducing conditions and using the<br>12-230 kDa separation system.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, Simple Western, IHC

     3 Reviews

5 Publications
MAB1417
Insulin was detected in immersion fixed  beta TC‑6 mouse beta cell insulinoma cell line using Human/Mouse/Bovine Insulin Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB1417) at 10 µg/mL for 3 hours at room temperature. Cells were stained using the NorthernLights™ 557-conjugated Anti-Rat IgG Secondary Antibody (red; Catalog # <A class=NoLineLink href=

Rat Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Bovine
Applications IHC, CyTOF-ready, ICC

14 Publications
MAB17761
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Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, ICC

     3 Reviews

3 Publications
MAB1799
Western blot shows lysates of HepG2 human hepatocellular carcinoma cell line, HeLa human cervical epithelial carcinoma cell line, NIH‑3T3 mouse embryonic fibroblast cell line, and PC‑12 rat adrenal pheochromocytoma cell line. PVDF membrane was probed with 0.1 µg/mL of Mouse Anti-Human STAT3 Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB1799) followed by HRP-conjugated Anti-Mouse IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # <a class=STAT3 was detected in immersion fixed HeLa human cervicalepithelial carcinoma cell line treated with IFN-alpha 1, but is not detected inSTAT3 knockout (KO) HeLa cell line using Mouse Anti-Human/<br>Mouse/Rat STAT3Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB1799) at 1 µg/mL for 3 hours at roomtemperature. Cells were stained using the NorthernLights™ 557-conjugatedAnti-Mouse IgG Secondary Antibody (red; Catalog # <a class=

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, IP, ICC

     1 Review

8 Publications
AF231
        EGFR  was detected in immersion fixed frozen sections of human skin using Goat Anti-Human EGFR Antigen  Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF231) at  1 µg/mL for 1 hour at room temperature followed by  incubation with the Anti-Goat IgG VisUCyte™ HRP Polymer Antibody  (Catalog # <a class=    EGFR  was detected in immersion fixed A431 human epithelial carcinoma cell line  using Goat Anti-Human EGFR Antigen Affinity-purified  Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF231) at 1 µg/mL for 3  hours at room temperature. Cells were stained using the  NorthernLights™ 557-conjugated Anti-Goat IgG Secondary Antibody  (red; Catalog # <a class=

Goat Polyclonal
Species Human
Applications WB, Simple Western, Flow

     1 Review

13 Publications
D6050
 IL-6 [HRP] IL-6 [HRP]


Species Human
Applications ELISA

     32 Reviews

605 Publications
210-TA
1 µg/lane of Recombinant Human TNF-alpha  was resolved by SDS-PAGE with silver staining, under reducing (R) conditions, showing a band at 17 kDa.Recombinant Human TNF-alpha  (Catalog # 210‑TA) induces cytotoxicity in the L-929 mouse fibroblast cell line in the presence of the metabolic inhibitor actinomycin D. The ED<sub>50</sub> for this effect is 25‑100 pg/mL.


Species Human
Applications BA

     36 Reviews

708 Publications
236-EG
1 µg/lane of Recombinant Human EGF was resolved with SDS-PAGE  and visualized by silver staining under reducing (R) conditions, showing a single band at 6 kDa.Recombinant Human EGF (Catalog # 236‑EG) stimulates cell proliferation of the Balb/3T3 mouse embryonic fibroblast cell line. The ED<sub>50</sub> for this effect is 20‑100 pg/mL.


Species Human
Applications BA

     27 Reviews

588 Publications
NBP2-67360
Knockout Validated: ERK2 Antibody (SZ25-01) [NBP2-67360] - Lysates of HeLa WT and MAPK1 KO were prepared, and 30 ug of protein were processed for immunoblot with the indicated Mitogen-activated protein kinase 1 antibodies. The Ponceau stained transfers of each blot are shown. Antibody dilution used: 1/1000. Predicted band size: 41 kDa. Image, protocol and testing courtesy of YCharOS Inc. (ycharos.com).Knockout Validated: ERK2 Antibody (SZ25-01) [NBP2-67360] - HeLa WT and MAPK1 KO cells were labelled with a green or a far-red fluorescent dye, respectively. WT and KO cells were mixed and plated to a 1:1 ratio on coverslips. Cells were stained with the indicated Mitogen-activated protein kinase 1 antibodies and with the corresponding Alexa-fluor 555 coupled secondary antibody. Acquisition of the green (identification of WT cells), red (antibody staining) and far-red (identification of KO cells) channels was performed. Representative images of the red (grayscale) channels are shown.WT and KO cells are outlined with yellow and magenta dashed line, respectively. Antibody dilution used: 1/1000. Bars = 10 um. Image, protocol and testing courtesy of YCharOS Inc. (ycharos.com).

Rabbit Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, Flow, ICC/IF

     1 Review

NBP2-67471
Western Blot: c-jun [p Ser63] Antibody (SY0297) [NBP2-67471] - Human U251 glioma cell line, whole cell lysates. Cells have been treated with JNK and p38 inhibitors. WB image submited by a verified customer review.Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: c-jun [p Ser63] Antibody (SY0297) [NBP2-67471] - Staining Phospho-c-Jun(S63) in PC-3M cells (green). The nuclear counter stain is DAPI (blue). Cells were fixed in paraformaldehyde, permeabilised with 0.25% Triton X100/PBS.

Rabbit Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, ICC/IF, IHC

     1 Review

1 Publication
NBP2-67627
Western Blot: PYK2/FAK2 Antibody (SC06-15) [NBP2-67627] - Analysis of PYK2 on mouse brain lysates using anti-PYK2 antibody at 1:1000 dilution.Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: PYK2/FAK2 Antibody (SC06-15) [NBP2-67627] - Staining PYK2 in SH-SY-5Y cells (green). The nuclear counter stain is DAPI (blue). Cells were fixed in paraformaldehyde, permeabilized with 0.25% Triton X-100/PBS.

Rabbit Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, ICC/IF, IHC

     1 Review

NBP2-82026
Western Blot: PRRT2 Antibody [NBP2-82026] - Analysis of PRRT2 in mouse brain tissue lysate with PRRT2 antibody at 1 ug/ml.Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: PRRT2 Antibody [NBP2-82026] - Immunofluorescence of PRRT2 in rat brain tissue with PRRT2 antibody at 20 ug/ml.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, ELISA, ICC/IF