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Phosphorylation Bioinformatics

Phosphorylation is one of the most prevalent and frequently studied post-translational modification (PTM). Protein phosphorylation is a PTM that plays a key role in regulating signal transduction, apoptosis, and cell cycle and replication. Despite its prevalence, phosphorylation occurs only on three amino acids: Serine (Ser; S), Threonine (Thr; T) and Tyrosine (Tyr; Y). The mechanism of phosphorylation revolves around the side chains of these amino acids. Serine, Threonine and Tyrosine have an -OH group that attacks the terminal phosphate group on ATP, thus transferring a phosphate group to the amino acid side chain. Although this reaction is unidirectional (due to the vast quantity energy released from the conversion of ATP to ADP), phosphorylation of proteins is reversible. Kinases and Phosphatases mediate the reverse reaction via the phosphorylation and dephosphorylation of substrates, respectively. Kinases mediate phosphorylation at Serine, threonine and tyrosine side chains, and phosphatases reverse protein phosphorylation by hydrolyzing the phosphate group.

Phosphorylation Bioinformatics Tool

Laverne is a handy bioinformatics tool to help facilitate scientific exploration of related genes, diseases and pathways based on co-citations. Explore more on Phosphorylation below! For more information on how to use Laverne, please read the How to Guide.
Vizit™, under license from BioVista Inc.

Top Research Reagents

We have 2355 products for the study of Phosphorylation that can be applied to Chromatin Immunoprecipitation, Western Blot, Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence, Flow Cytometry, Immunohistochemistry, Chromatin Immunoprecipitation (ChIP) from our catalog of antibodies and ELISA kits.

NBP2-22203
Western Blot: ERK1 Antibody (1E5) [NBP2-22203] - Western blot analysis of whole cell lysates from (1) MCF7 (2) NIH3T3 cell lines using ERK1 antibody (clone 1E5) at 1:1000 dilution. The signal was developed using HRP labeled goat-anti Mouse secondary antibody with ECL based detection. Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: ERK1 Antibody (1E5) [NBP2-22203] - Analysis of NIH/3T3 cells using ERK1 mouse mAb (green). Blue: DRAQ5 fluorescent DNA dye. Red: Actin filaments have been labeled with Alexa Fluor-555 phalloidin.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, ELISA, Flow

AF887
Western blot shows lysates of NIH‑3T3 mouse embryonic fibroblast cell line untreated (-) or treated (+) with 100 ng/mL Human PDGF (Catalog #<A class=NoLineLink href=Akt phosphorylated at S473 was detected in immersion fixed paraffin-embedded sections of human breast cancer tissue using Rabbit Anti-Human/Mouse/Rat Phospho-Akt (S473) Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF887) at 10 µg/mL overnight at 4 °C. Tissue was stained using the Anti-Rabbit HRP-DAB Cell & Tissue Staining Kit (brown; Catalog # <A class=NoLineLink href=

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, Simple Western, IHC

18 Publications
AF467
    COLO 205  human colorectal adenocarcinoma cell line was stained with Goat  Anti-Human/Mouse EphB2 Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog  # AF467, filled histogram) or isotype control antibody (Catalog #<br><a class=    D3  mouse embryonic stem cell line was stained with Goat Anti-Human/Mouse EphB2  Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF467, filled  histogram) or isotype control antibody (Catalog #<br><a class=

Goat Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse
Applications WB, Simple Western, Flow

     9 Reviews

26 Publications
AF231
    Western  blot shows lysates of HeLa human cervical epithelial carcinoma cell line and  MDA‑MB‑231 human breast cancer cell line. PVDF membrane  was probed with 1 µg/mL of Goat Anti-Human EGFR  Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF231) followed by  HRP-conjugated Anti-Goat IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # <a class=    A431  human epithelial carcinoma cell line was stained with Goat Anti-Human  EGFR Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog #  AF231, filled histogram) or isotype control antibody (Catalog # <a class=

Goat Polyclonal
Species Human
Applications WB, Flow, IHC

7 Publications
210-TA
Recombinant Human TNF-alpha  (Catalog # 210‑TA) induces cytotoxicity in the L-929 mouse fibroblast cell line in the presence of the metabolic inhibitor actinomycin D. The ED<sub>50</sub> for this effect is 25‑100 pg/mL.1 µg/lane of Recombinant Human TNF-alpha  was resolved by SDS-PAGE with silver staining, under reducing (R) conditions, showing a band at 17 kDa.


Species Human

     19 Reviews

512 Publications
MAB17761
<p align=    JNK1  was detected in immersion fixed MCF‑7 human breast cancer cell  line using Mouse Anti-Human/Mouse/Rat JNK1 Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog #  MAB17761) at 10 µg/mL for 3 hours at room temperature.  Cells were stained using the NorthernLights™ 557-conjugated  Anti-Mouse IgG Secondary Antibody (red; Catalog # <a class=

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, ICC

     2 Reviews

3 Publications
NBP2-37576
Western Blot: c-jun Antibody (5B1) [NBP2-37576] - Western blot analysis using c-Jun mouse mAb against NIH/3T3 (1) and Cos7 (2) cell lysate.Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: c-jun Antibody (5B1) [NBP2-37576] - Immunofluorescence analysis of PC-2 cells using c-Jun mouse mAb (green). Red: Actin filaments have been labeled with Alexa Fluor-555 phalloidin.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Primate
Applications WB, ELISA, Flow

NBP1-84168
Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: PRRT2 Antibody [NBP1-84168] - Immunohistochemical staining of human cerebral cortex shows strong positivity in neuropil.Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: PRRT2 Antibody [NBP1-84168] - Immunohistochemical staining of human cerebellum shows strong positivity in neuropil.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human
Applications IHC, IHC-P

AF2685
Western blot shows lysates of MDA‑MB‑468 human breast cancer cell line and HepG2 human hepatocellular carcinoma cell line untreated (-) or treated (+) with 50 μM pervanadate (PV) for 10 minutes. PVDF membrane was probed with 1 µg/mL of Rabbit Anti-Human Phospho-Src (Y419) Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF2685), followed by HRP-conjugated Anti-Rabbit IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # <A class=NoLineLink href=Src phosphorylated at Y419 was detected in immersion fixed paraffin-embedded sections of human liver cancer tissue using Rabbit Anti-Human Phospho-Src (Y419) Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF2685) at 10 µg/mL overnight at 4 °C. Tissue was stained using the Anti-Rabbit HRP-DAB Cell & Tissue Staining Kit (brown; Catalog # <A class=NoLineLink href=

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human
Applications WB, Simple Western, IHC

5 Publications
236-EG
Recombinant Human EGF (Catalog # 236‑EG) stimulates cell proliferation of the Balb/3T3 mouse embryonic fibroblast cell line. The ED<sub>50</sub> for this effect is 20‑100 pg/mL.1 µg/lane of Recombinant Human EGF was resolved with SDS-PAGE  and visualized by silver staining under reducing (R) conditions, showing a single band at 6 kDa.


Species Human

     10 Reviews

317 Publications
NBP2-34260
Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: Insulin Antibody (E2-E3 (same as INS04)) [NBP2-34260] - Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded human pancreas stained with insulin Monoclonal Antibody (E2-E3)SDS-Page: Insulin Antibody (E2-E3 (same as INS04)) [NBP2-34260]

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Porcine
Applications WB, Flow, ICC/IF

     4 Reviews

MAB1799
Western blot shows lysates of HepG2 human hepatocellular carcinoma cell line, HeLa human cervical epithelial carcinoma cell line, NIH‑3T3 mouse embryonic fibroblast cell line, and PC‑12 rat adrenal pheochromocytoma cell line. PVDF membrane was probed with 0.1 µg/mL of Mouse Anti-Human STAT3 Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB1799) followed by HRP-conjugated Anti-Mouse IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # <a class=STAT3 was detected in immersion fixed HeLa human cervical epithelial carcinoma cell line using Mouse Anti-Human/Mouse/Rat STAT3 Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB1799) at 3 µg/mL for 3 hours at room temperature. Cells were stained using the NorthernLights™ 557-conjugated Anti-Mouse IgG Secondary Antibody (red; Catalog # <A class=NoLineLink href=

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, IP, ICC

4 Publications
NBP2-67627
Western Blot: PYK2/FAK2 Antibody (SC06-15) [NBP2-67627] - Analysis of PYK2 on mouse brain lysates using anti-PYK2 antibody at 1/1,000 dilution.Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: PYK2/FAK2 Antibody (SC06-15) [NBP2-67627] - Staining PYK2 in SH-SY-5Y cells (green). The nuclear counter stain is DAPI (blue). Cells were fixed in paraformaldehyde, permeabilised with 0.25% Triton X100/PBS.

Rabbit Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, ICC/IF, IHC

AF8691
Western blot shows recombinant human p38 beta, p38 gamma, p38δ and Recombinant Human Active p38 alpha  (Catalog # <a class=Simple Western lane view shows lysates of HeLa human cervical epithelial carcinoma cell line and NIH‑3T3 mouse embryonic fibroblast cell line, loaded at 0.2 mg/mL. A specific band was detected for p38 alpha  at approximately 43 kDa (as indicated) using 5 µg/mL of Rabbit Anti-Human/Mouse/Rat p38 alpha  Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF8691). This experiment was conducted under reducing conditions and using the<br>12-230 kDa separation system.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, Simple Western, IHC

3 Publications
NB100-56583
Western Blot: NFkB p105/p50 Antibody (2J10D7) [NB100-56583] - analysis of p50 in HeLa lysate in the A) absence and B) presence of immunizing peptide using p50 antibody at 5 ug/ml.Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: NFkB p105/p50 Antibody (2J10D7) [NB100-56583] - analysis of human breast tumor tissue using an isotype control antibody (top) and p50 antibody (bottom) at 5 ug/ml.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human
Applications WB, Flow, IHC-P

     1 Review

1 Publication
AF1347
Western blot shows recombinant human p38 beta, p38 gamma, p38δ and p38 alpha  (1 ng/lane). PVDF membrane was probed with 0.2 µg/mL Rabbit Anti-Human/Mouse/Rat p38 gamma  Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF1347) followed by HRP-conjugated Anti-Rabbit IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # <A class=NoLineLink href=Western blot shows lysates of PC-12 rat adrenal pheochromocytoma cell line, C6 rat glioma cell line, and C2C12 mouse myoblast cell line. PVDF membrane was probed with 0.2 µg/mL Rabbit Anti-Human/Mouse/Rat p38 gamma  Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF1347) followed by HRP-conjugated Anti-Rabbit IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # <A class=NoLineLink href=

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, Simple Western, IHC

4 Publications
NBP2-13304
Western Blot: SGSM3 Antibody [NBP2-13304] - Lane 1: Marker  [kDa] 250, 130, 95, 72, 55, 36, 28, 17, 10.  Lane 2: Human cell line RT-4Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: SGSM3 Antibody [NBP2-13304] - Immunofluorescent staining of human cell line MCF7 shows localization to the Golgi apparatus.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human
Applications WB, ICC/IF, IHC