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Glycosylation Bioinformatics

Glycosylation, one of the most common and diverse post-translational modifications (PTMs), impacts a wide variety of cellular mechanisms, including protein stability, activity and folding. Glycosylated proteins, also known as glycoproteins, are found ubiquitously in eukaryotic organisms. Protein glycosylation includes the covalent attachment of carbohydrate groups to amino acids, ranging from simple monosaccharides to complex polysaccharides. There are several different types of glycosylation, including N-linked glycosylation, O-linked glycosylation, C-linked glycosylation and glypiation. N-linked glycosylation, the most common glycosidic linkage, is named as such because the glycans are bound to nitrogen residues or asparagine residues. N-linked glycosylation often occurs co-translationally, meaning that the glycan is attached to the lysine residue as it is being translated and transported into the Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER). Unlike N-linked glycosylation, O-linked glycosylation does not occur co-translationally, but post-translationally on serine and threonine residues in the Golgi apparatus. C-linked glycosylation, often referred to as C-mannosylation, is a reaction that forms C-C bonds, instead of C-O or C-N bonds. Last but not least, glypiation is a covalent attachment of a GPI anchor which results in the recruitment of proteins to cell membranes.

Glycosylation Bioinformatics Tool

Laverne is a handy bioinformatics tool to help facilitate scientific exploration of related genes, diseases and pathways based on co-citations. Explore more on Glycosylation below! For more information on how to use Laverne, please read the How to Guide.
Vizit™, under license from BioVista Inc.

Top Research Reagents

We have 7045 products for the study of Glycosylation that can be applied to Flow Cytometry, Western Blot, Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence, Immunohistochemistry from our catalog of antibodies and ELISA kits.

NB120-22711
Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: MUC-1 Antibody (SM3) [NB120-22711] - MCF7 cells were fixed for 10 minutes using 10% formalin and then permeabilized for 5 minutes using 1X PBS + 0.05% Triton-X100. The cells were incubated with anti-MUC1 [SM3] at 5 ug/ml overnight at 4C and detected with an anti-mouse IgG Dylight 488 (Green) at a 1:500 dilution. Nuclei were counterstained with DAPI (Blue). Cells were imaged using a 40X objective.Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: MUC-1 Antibody (SM3) [NB120-22711] - IHC analysis of formalin fixed paraffin embedded tissue section of human breast cancer xenograft using MUC-1 antibody clone SM3 at 1:10 dilution. The xenograft section depicted a very specific and intense signal in the periphery of the cancer cells. The necrotic cells also developed a strong immune-positivity while the tumor stroma as well as the nuclei of cells were negative for immunostaining.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse
Applications ELISA, ICC/IF, IHC

11 Publications
NB600-41532
Western Blot: Albumin Antibody [NB600-41532] - Analysis using the HRP conjugate of NB600-41532. Detection of Albumin in whole mouse liver extracts. Image courtesy of anonymous customer product review.

Goat Polyclonal
Species Mouse
Applications WB, ELISA, ICC/IF

38 Publications
AF-386-PB
    Western  blot shows lysates of NS0 mouse myeloma cell line either mock transfected or  transfected with human <br>CTLA-4. PVDF membrane was probed with  0.5 µg/mL of Goat Anti-Human CTLA‑4 Antigen  Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF-386-PB) followed by  HRP-conjugated Anti-Goat IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # <a class=NS0 mouse myeloma cell line co-transfected with human CTLA-4 and eGFP was stained with either (A) Goat Anti-Human CTLA‑4 Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF-386-PB) or (B) Normal Goat IgG Control (Catalog # <A class=NoLineLink href=

Goat Polyclonal
Species Human
Applications WB, Flow, CyTOF-ready

     2 Reviews

2 Publications
NBP2-67569
Western Blot: Prion protein Antibody (SC57-05) [NBP2-67569] - Analysis of PrP on different lysates using anti-PrP antibody at 1/1,000 dilution. Positive control: Lane 1: Rat brain Lane 2: Mouse brainImmunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: Prion protein Antibody (SC57-05) [NBP2-67569] - Staining PrP in N2A cells (green). The nuclear counter stain is DAPI (blue). Cells were fixed in paraformaldehyde, permeabilised with 0.25% Triton X100/PBS.

Rabbit Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, Flow, ICC/IF

2914-HT


Species Human

     2 Reviews

4 Publications
NBP2-34260
Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: Insulin Antibody (E2-E3 (same as INS04)) [NBP2-34260] - Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded human pancreas stained with insulin Monoclonal Antibody (E2-E3)SDS-Page: Insulin Antibody (E2-E3 (same as INS04)) [NBP2-34260]

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Porcine
Applications WB, Flow, ICC/IF

     4 Reviews

NBP1-84550
Western Blot: HLA DQA1 Antibody [NBP1-84550] - Lane 1: Marker  [kDa] 250, 130, 100, 70, 55, 35, 25, 15, 10.  Lane 2: Human cell line Daudi.Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: HLA DQA1 Antibody [NBP1-84550] - Staining of human lung shows high expression.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human
Applications WB, IHC, IHC-P

NB100-524
Western Blot: NOD2 Antibody (2D9) [NB100-524] - Total protein from human THP1 and US-OS cells and mouse Raw264.7 cells was separated on a 7.5% gel by SDS-PAGE, transferred to PVDF membrane and blocked in 5% non-fat milk in TBST. The membrane was probed with 2.0 ug/ml anti-NOD2 in 1% non-fat milk in TBST and detected with an anti-mouse HRP secondary antibody using chemiluminescence.Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: NOD2 Antibody (2D9) [NB100-524] - A431 cells were fixed for 10 minutes using 10% formalin and then permeabilized for 5 minutes using 1X TBS + 0.5% Triton-X100. The cells were incubated with anti-NOD2 (2D9) NB100-524 at a 1:200 dilution overnight at 4C and detected with an anti-mouse Dylight 488 (Green) at a 1:500 dilution. Actin was counterstained with Phalloidin 568 (Red) at a 1:200 dilution. Nuclei were counterstained with DAPI (Blue). Cells were imaged using a 40X objective.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse
Applications WB, Flow, ICC/IF

     1 Review

13 Publications
210-TA
Recombinant Human TNF-alpha  (Catalog # 210‑TA) induces cytotoxicity in the L-929 mouse fibroblast cell line in the presence of the metabolic inhibitor actinomycin D. The ED<sub>50</sub> for this effect is 25‑100 pg/mL.1 µg/lane of Recombinant Human TNF-alpha  was resolved by SDS-PAGE with silver staining, under reducing (R) conditions, showing a band at 17 kDa.


Species Human

     20 Reviews

516 Publications
NBP1-19371
Western Blot: CD4 Antibody [NBP1-19371] - CD4 antibody was tested in the following cell lysates: Lane 1) human spleen 2) human tonsil 3) human placenta 4) human kidney 5) human liver 6) mouse spleen 7) mouse placenta 8) rat placenta.Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: CD4 Antibody [NBP1-19371] - CD4 antibody was tested in Jurkat cells with Dylight 488 (green). Nuclei were counterstained with DAPI (blue).

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, Simple Western, ICC/IF

     7 Reviews

13 Publications
NBP1-91258
Western Blot: Fibronectin Antibody [NBP1-91258] - WB analysis of Fibronectin in NIH 3T3 cell lysate.Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: Fibronectin Antibody [NBP1-91258] - NIH-3T3 cells were fixed for 10 minutes using 10% formalin and then permeabilized for 5 minutes using 1X TBS + 0.5% Triton-X100. The cells were incubated with anti-Fibronectin at 2 ug/ml overnight at 4C and detected with an anti-rabbit Dylight 488 (Green) at a 1:500 dilution. Alpha tubulin (DM1A) NB100-690 was used as a co-stain at a 1:1000 dilution and detected with an anti-mouse Dylight 550 (Red) at a 1:500 dilution. Nuclei were counterstained with DAPI (Blue). Cells were imaged using a 40X objective.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Bovine
Applications WB, Simple Western, ICC/IF

     6 Reviews

9 Publications
202-IL
Recombinant Human IL-2 (Catalog # 202-IL) stimulates cell proliferation of the CTLL‑2 mouse cytotoxic T cell line. The ED<SUB>50</SUB> for this effect is 0.05-0.25 ng/mL.1 μg/lane of Recombinant Human IL-2 was resolved with SDS-PAGE under reducing (R) conditions and visualized by silver staining, showing a single band at 13 kDa.


Species Human

     11 Reviews

239 Publications
NBP2-58327
Western Blot: ABCB6 Antibody [NBP2-58327] - Western blot analysis in human cell line RT-4 and human cell line U-251 MG.Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: ABCB6 Antibody [NBP2-58327] - Staining of human cell line U-251 MG shows localization to nucleoplasm & the Golgi apparatus.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human
Applications WB, ICC/IF

NBP1-83792
Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: NGLY1 Antibody [NBP1-83792] - Staining of human testis shows strong cytoplasmic positivity in cells in seminiferous ducts and Leydig cells.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human
Applications IHC, IHC-P

NBP2-34260
Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: Insulin Antibody (E2-E3 (same as INS04)) [NBP2-34260] - Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded human pancreas stained with insulin Monoclonal Antibody (E2-E3)SDS-Page: Insulin Antibody (E2-E3 (same as INS04)) [NBP2-34260]

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Porcine
Applications WB, Flow, ICC/IF

     4 Reviews

NB600-41532
Western Blot: Albumin Antibody [NB600-41532] - Analysis using the HRP conjugate of NB600-41532. Detection of Albumin in whole mouse liver extracts. Image courtesy of anonymous customer product review.

Goat Polyclonal
Species Mouse
Applications WB, ELISA, ICC/IF

38 Publications
NB120-22711
Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: MUC-1 Antibody (SM3) [NB120-22711] - MCF7 cells were fixed for 10 minutes using 10% formalin and then permeabilized for 5 minutes using 1X PBS + 0.05% Triton-X100. The cells were incubated with anti-MUC1 [SM3] at 5 ug/ml overnight at 4C and detected with an anti-mouse IgG Dylight 488 (Green) at a 1:500 dilution. Nuclei were counterstained with DAPI (Blue). Cells were imaged using a 40X objective.Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: MUC-1 Antibody (SM3) [NB120-22711] - IHC analysis of formalin fixed paraffin embedded tissue section of human breast cancer xenograft using MUC-1 antibody clone SM3 at 1:10 dilution. The xenograft section depicted a very specific and intense signal in the periphery of the cancer cells. The necrotic cells also developed a strong immune-positivity while the tumor stroma as well as the nuclei of cells were negative for immunostaining.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse
Applications ELISA, ICC/IF, IHC

11 Publications
NBP2-67569
Western Blot: Prion protein Antibody (SC57-05) [NBP2-67569] - Analysis of PrP on different lysates using anti-PrP antibody at 1/1,000 dilution. Positive control: Lane 1: Rat brain Lane 2: Mouse brainImmunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: Prion protein Antibody (SC57-05) [NBP2-67569] - Staining PrP in N2A cells (green). The nuclear counter stain is DAPI (blue). Cells were fixed in paraformaldehyde, permeabilised with 0.25% Triton X100/PBS.

Rabbit Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, Flow, ICC/IF

AF-386-PB
    Western  blot shows lysates of NS0 mouse myeloma cell line either mock transfected or  transfected with human <br>CTLA-4. PVDF membrane was probed with  0.5 µg/mL of Goat Anti-Human CTLA‑4 Antigen  Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF-386-PB) followed by  HRP-conjugated Anti-Goat IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # <a class=NS0 mouse myeloma cell line co-transfected with human CTLA-4 and eGFP was stained with either (A) Goat Anti-Human CTLA‑4 Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF-386-PB) or (B) Normal Goat IgG Control (Catalog # <A class=NoLineLink href=

Goat Polyclonal
Species Human
Applications WB, Flow, CyTOF-ready

     2 Reviews

2 Publications
NBP1-84550
Western Blot: HLA DQA1 Antibody [NBP1-84550] - Lane 1: Marker  [kDa] 250, 130, 100, 70, 55, 35, 25, 15, 10.  Lane 2: Human cell line Daudi.Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: HLA DQA1 Antibody [NBP1-84550] - Staining of human lung shows high expression.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human
Applications WB, IHC, IHC-P

NB100-524
Western Blot: NOD2 Antibody (2D9) [NB100-524] - Total protein from human THP1 and US-OS cells and mouse Raw264.7 cells was separated on a 7.5% gel by SDS-PAGE, transferred to PVDF membrane and blocked in 5% non-fat milk in TBST. The membrane was probed with 2.0 ug/ml anti-NOD2 in 1% non-fat milk in TBST and detected with an anti-mouse HRP secondary antibody using chemiluminescence.Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: NOD2 Antibody (2D9) [NB100-524] - A431 cells were fixed for 10 minutes using 10% formalin and then permeabilized for 5 minutes using 1X TBS + 0.5% Triton-X100. The cells were incubated with anti-NOD2 (2D9) NB100-524 at a 1:200 dilution overnight at 4C and detected with an anti-mouse Dylight 488 (Green) at a 1:500 dilution. Actin was counterstained with Phalloidin 568 (Red) at a 1:200 dilution. Nuclei were counterstained with DAPI (Blue). Cells were imaged using a 40X objective.

Mouse Monoclonal
Species Human, Mouse
Applications WB, Flow, ICC/IF

     1 Review

13 Publications
210-TA
Recombinant Human TNF-alpha  (Catalog # 210‑TA) induces cytotoxicity in the L-929 mouse fibroblast cell line in the presence of the metabolic inhibitor actinomycin D. The ED<sub>50</sub> for this effect is 25‑100 pg/mL.1 µg/lane of Recombinant Human TNF-alpha  was resolved by SDS-PAGE with silver staining, under reducing (R) conditions, showing a band at 17 kDa.


Species Human

     20 Reviews

516 Publications
291-G1
1 μg/lane of Recombinant Human IGF-I was resolved with SDS-PAGE under reducing (R) conditions and visualized by silver staining, showing a single band at 7 kDa.Recombinant Human IGF-I (Catalog # 291-G1) stimulates proliferation in the MCF-7 human breast cancer cell line. The ED<SUB>50</SUB> for this effect is 0.3‑1.5 ng/mL.


Species Human

     3 Reviews

105 Publications
NBP2-58327
Western Blot: ABCB6 Antibody [NBP2-58327] - Western blot analysis in human cell line RT-4 and human cell line U-251 MG.Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: ABCB6 Antibody [NBP2-58327] - Staining of human cell line U-251 MG shows localization to nucleoplasm & the Golgi apparatus.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human
Applications WB, ICC/IF

2914-HT


Species Human

     2 Reviews

4 Publications
NB100-1533
Western Blot: POMC Antibody [NB100-1533] - Western blot analysis of POMC using NB100-1533 at 0.01ug/ml in NIH 3T3 lysate (35ug protein in RIPA buffer). Primary incubation was 1 hour. Detected by chemiluminescence.Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin: POMC Antibody [NB100-1533] - Analysis in human Anterior Pituitary Gland shows vesilulate staining in glandular cells.

Goat Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Porcine
Applications WB, ICC/IF, IHC

7 Publications
NBP1-91258
Western Blot: Fibronectin Antibody [NBP1-91258] - WB analysis of Fibronectin in NIH 3T3 cell lysate.Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: Fibronectin Antibody [NBP1-91258] - NIH-3T3 cells were fixed for 10 minutes using 10% formalin and then permeabilized for 5 minutes using 1X TBS + 0.5% Triton-X100. The cells were incubated with anti-Fibronectin at 2 ug/ml overnight at 4C and detected with an anti-rabbit Dylight 488 (Green) at a 1:500 dilution. Alpha tubulin (DM1A) NB100-690 was used as a co-stain at a 1:1000 dilution and detected with an anti-mouse Dylight 550 (Red) at a 1:500 dilution. Nuclei were counterstained with DAPI (Blue). Cells were imaged using a 40X objective.

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Bovine
Applications WB, Simple Western, ICC/IF

     6 Reviews

9 Publications
202-IL
Recombinant Human IL-2 (Catalog # 202-IL) stimulates cell proliferation of the CTLL‑2 mouse cytotoxic T cell line. The ED<SUB>50</SUB> for this effect is 0.05-0.25 ng/mL.1 μg/lane of Recombinant Human IL-2 was resolved with SDS-PAGE under reducing (R) conditions and visualized by silver staining, showing a single band at 13 kDa.


Species Human

     11 Reviews

239 Publications
NBP1-19371
Western Blot: CD4 Antibody [NBP1-19371] - CD4 antibody was tested in the following cell lysates: Lane 1) human spleen 2) human tonsil 3) human placenta 4) human kidney 5) human liver 6) mouse spleen 7) mouse placenta 8) rat placenta.Immunocytochemistry/Immunofluorescence: CD4 Antibody [NBP1-19371] - CD4 antibody was tested in Jurkat cells with Dylight 488 (green). Nuclei were counterstained with DAPI (blue).

Rabbit Polyclonal
Species Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications WB, Simple Western, ICC/IF

     7 Reviews

13 Publications